Capital Punishment

Capital Punishment

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Capital Punishment

Capital Punishment is the maximum penalty of a conviction. More

than 4,400 people have been executed since 1930. There is no way of

knowing how many people that have been executed in U.S history because

they usedto be local affairs with nobody to record them. It has beena topic

of debate for many years. Capital Punishment has been grabbing attention

over the years. For example, in 1936, about 20,000 people gathered in

Owensboro, Kentucky, on the morning of August 14 to see the hanging of a

22 year old black man by the name of Rainey Bethea. Many people have

also died wrongfully. Sacco and Vangetti were two Italian immmigrants that

were accused of payroll robbery. Although these guys had there alibies of

were they were at the time, they still was convicted of the crime and

sentence to death by the electric chair. Nearly every culture throught history

has practice capital punishment. Quarting was a type of execution in Europe.

Quarting is beingtorn apart by horses. In India, execution were sometimes

carried out by having a elephant crush the condemned's head. In modern

times, societies have sought to make execution more "humane." Such was

the goal of the guillotine, which severed the head with a heavy blade, and the

electric chair which kills with a massive dose of electric current. The

Constitution of the United States guarantees to every citizen certain

fundamental rights . The first Amendment, for example guarantees freedom

of religion, press,speech, petition, and assembly. The Second Amendment

promises that "the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be

infringed." The amendment most relevant to the issue of the death penalty is

the Eighth Amendment. It reads that "Excessive bail shall not be required,

nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted." Although simple and

straightforward these words sound, its not always clear what they mean.

Thats because the words unusual punishment and cruel inflicted. One person

make think capital punishment is cruel and unusual, why others may think

not. In 1972, the Supreme Court declared the death penalty cruel and

unusual, and therefore unconstitutional. It was soon reactivated in 1976 by

35 states. People have tried to influence decisions on the death penalty. For

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example, the Pope has played a role in the decision of death penalty. The

Pope decided a criminals life and a criminal was sentence to life in jail

instead of the electric chair. Many people that are innocent have been

sentence to death. The possibilty of an innocent being convicted of murder

and put to death in America is growing. The risk of executing innocent

people far outweighs any good that can come from capital punishment.

Some argue that capital is a deterrent of crimes. Studies show, however, that

states with the death penalty have a higher crime and murder rate than those

without. Harry Blackman, a death penalty oppenent, stated "Innocent

persons havebeen executed and will continue to be excuted," explaining why

he could no longer support the death penalty. Also Isidore Zimmerman,

came within 2hours of execution for a murder he didn't commit. Citing this,

death penalty opponents claim that the danger of a terrible mistake capital

punishment intolerable. Cost is often comes up when the penalty is

mentioned. Those in favor of the death penalty say the government shouldn't

waste its money on guarding, feeding, and housing a depraved criminal for

the rest of his or her life. The truth is, however, that itcosts much more to

put a prisoner to death than to keep a prisoner in jail. It cost about 2 to 3

million dollars to sentence someone to death and keep them on death row for

8years. The same cost to keep 3 prisoners in a maximum security prison for

40 years. Opponents use this as a contridiction. Race is a big issue in death

sentencing although not admitted. Theres still alot of hard decision making

when it comes to ethnic's being punished. A comprehensive examination of

capital murder cases in Georgia, a black convicted of murdering a white has a

22 percent chance of being sentenced to die, whereas a white convicted of

murdering a black has only 3 percent chance. This has been a big thing in

the civil issues in America. Also murder rates have lowered in states that has

abolished the death penalty. The supreme court, United Nations, and

numerous independent studies has no effect on the crime rate, on average on

the murder rate, on average the murder rate in U.S which execute is almost

double the ratein states without the death penalty. The Pope of the Catholic

Church once said, "Only God has the power to give and take the life from

someone." This being true to most people, but the government and the

American society have to decide whether or not to keep capital punishment.

Bibliography: Death Penalty cases by latzer,U S Supreme court, Capital Punishment, Death Penalty.
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