Essay PreviewMore ↓
The Celts originated in the 1st century from much of western, central, Eastern Europe, and Asia Minor. “ The Celts were a group of tribes speaking Indo-European dialects. Armed with iron weapons and mounted on horses, they spread rapidly over Europe, crossing into the British Isles, moving S over France, Italy, and Spain, fighting the Macedonians, and penetrating into Asia Minor, where they raided Hellenistic centers,”( Columbia encyclopedia Online). Many of the Celts lived in the Western Europe, which was also the Normandy region. The Normandy is a small region in the north of France. In 1500 BC they spread to France, Portugal, Spain, and the British Isles. The Celtic tribe that dominated central Europe during the Iron Age was bound together by common speech, customs, religion, and culture. When looking at the Celtic religion, one must consider their different aspects and ceremonies of their religion.
The Celts took part in many religious festivals that included Imbolc, Beltaine, Lugansa, and Samhain. The Imbolc festival celebrated fertility and growth. . This celebration was held in February. The Beltaine, held in May, was associated with the fertility of cattle and crops, which honored the Druids. During the Beltaine, the Celtic tribes drove herds between bonfires to purify and protect themselves against the evil spirits. The third festival that the Celts took part in is known as the Lugansa. Lugansa honored the gods and the harvest. The Lugansa also known as the harvest festival, celebrated from mid July to mid August. (Pierce Online) Lastly, the Samhain is the start of the New Year. The Samhain in the present day is known as Halloween. “During this celebration the division between this world and the other world dissolved and the spirits roamed the earth” (Pierce Online). According to Druidism, the spirits of the deceased roamed the earth on Samhain evening (Encarta Online). The four festivals were similar to the seasons and the important transitions.
Furthermore, the animals held an important part in the religious beliefs of the Celts. For example, the hare thought to bring good fortune. “Swans in particular, if portrayed wearing gold or silver chains were supernatural, often Gods in bird form.” (Pierce Online) The Raven which were “ special favorites as messengers of the gods and their calls were considered prophetic.” (Pierce Online). The boar was perfect example, which illustrated the strength and power of the Celts. The fish symbolized clairvoyance and the serpent signified the divine wisdom.
How to Cite this Page
"Celts' Religious Beliefs." 123HelpMe.com. 24 Feb 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Paganism is a broad group of indigenous and historical polytheistic religious traditions—primarily those of cultures known to the classical world. In a wider sense, Paganism has also been understood to include any non-Abrahamic, folk, ethnic religion. Modern ethnologists often avoid referring to non-classical and non-European, traditional and historical faiths as Pagan in favour of less ambiguous labels such as polytheism, shamanism, pantheism, and animism. [Wikipedia p.1] Paganism is the oldest religion in human history, originating with Vikings and Celts.... [tags: religion, poytheism, vikings, celts]
1459 words (4.2 pages)
- Due to the emergence of universal religions, a new idea known as syncretism started to emerge. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines the idea of syncretism as “the amalgamation or attempted amalgamation of different religions, cultures, or schools of thought.” (Merriam-Webster) However, in historical term, syncretism is defined as the accepted idea that was believed to enhance people’s willingness to adapt or adopt to a certain religion because of the appealing ideas. During the first millennium C.E, two universal religions, Buddhism and Christianity, primarily spread through the idea of syncretism, although, a secondary factor contributed to the spread of these religions, which were polit... [tags: political rulers, religious representation]
893 words (2.6 pages)
- In my opinion Paul Tillich makes the most valid point regarding the nature of religious beliefs as defined by him in “What faith is?” Religious beliefs have faith as its underlying principle. Tillich defines faith as “the state of being ultimately concerned and that the dynamics of faith are the dynamics of man’s ultimate concern” (Tillich1). Man has many concerns which encompass his day to day survival, however; unlike other creatures his concerns include matters that are social, political and spiritual in nature.... [tags: Faith, Religion, Evangelicalism, Religious belief]
1044 words (3 pages)
- ... The early converts of Central and West Africa did not entirely abandon their old ways of life, they blended and understood the new religion through the old religions and practices. This method is known as syncretism and its practice was somewhat frowned upon, because it did not strictly follow the customs of Islam. It was seen as a tainted practice of Islam, due to the observance of pagan observances. As the Ghana kingdoms fell, their successor the Mali Empire, was built on the success of the dynasty’s founder, Sundiata, who is commonly referred to as Mali’s greatest king.... [tags: beliefs, transformed, kingdoms, subjects]
831 words (2.4 pages)
- Religious syncretism is a blending of two or more religious beliefs or practices into a new system, or the merging into a new religious tradition of beliefs from different traditions. This can occur for many reasons, but happens quite frequently in areas where multiple religions exist nearby to each other and are active in the culture. When a culture is conquered, the conquerors bring their religious beliefs with them, but do not succeed in entirely wiping out the old beliefs or practices as they are too engrained.... [tags: Christianity, Religion, Judaism, Roman Empire]
704 words (2 pages)
- Japan became one of the most industrialize countries in the world; it has grown rapidly in the economic arena, however, religious liberty in Japan is still in maturing. Different from the United States and other Western countries in where the principle of separation of church and state took place, Japanese tradition continues with the usual patter in where governments control religion. Most Japanese people do not identify themselves adherent to a single religion; instead they incorporate different elements from various religions.... [tags: Materialistic Society, Religious Beliefs]
1474 words (4.2 pages)
- Introduction An old history teacher of mine once said that people are incapable of seeing the endless things they share when these common aspects of life stand in the shadow of their few differences. The differences of which he spoke promote unwarranted bias and prevent the advancement of all of humanity and even promote acts of war. Chief among those differences is religious belief. People treat people with a different religion with such great intolerance. They will either discriminate or commit hate crimes just to get their point across.... [tags: religion, intolerance, religious beliefs]
2240 words (6.4 pages)
- In many religions, the use of garments such as the jewish yarmulke or the islamic hijab are not merely worn out of choice, but out of strict ritual or religious obligation. For religious groups, donning traditional dress is not just seen as religious duty, but ties closely with spiritual practice and provides a sense of spiritual identity. Widespread use shows that it has become an integral part to the continuity of multiple religious practices. Provided that wearing religious garments is based on manifesting central religious beliefs(SOURCE), to what extent can a State hinder this expression of freedom.... [tags: religious beliefs and expressions]
3092 words (8.8 pages)
- The Religion of Celts Though there are records of deity names, and archaeological remains including altars, little is known about the specific religious beliefs of the Celts. Their burial practices included burying food, weapons, and ornaments with their dead, which suggests a belief in life after death. The druids, the early Celtic priesthood, were said by Caesar to have taught the doctrine of transmigration of souls along with astronomy and the nature and power of the gods. Transmigration is a philosophy of reincarnation incorporating the specific belief that after death, the soul of a living being is then transferred (or transmigrates) into another living form and thus takes birth again.... [tags: Religion]
1533 words (4.4 pages)
- Religious Beliefs Today's religious beliefs, governmental structures, laws and traditions of social behavior find their roots in the development of three main belief systems - Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Although other religious movements have developed throughout the years, these three belief systems have had the most impact on civilizations of the West. To better understand this impact, it is important to trace the development of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and review the relationships between them.... [tags: Religion History Essays Papers]
2265 words (6.5 pages)
The Gods played the most important roles in the Celts life. The Gods that were of great significance were Lugh, De Dagda, and Cernunnos. “ Lugh was a very versatile god” (Pierce Online) Lugh is the God of son, war, games, and commerce. “He [Lugh] is the most universal of the Celtic Gods,” (Pierce Online). De Dagda is also known as the Good god because he was the Celtic God of earth, heavens, and magic. Cernunnos was the ruler and the protector of the animals. “ Most commonly known a single God with stag antlers, he [Cernunnos] was intimately linked with fertility and prosperity, especially of herds and flocks, but also of men,” (Pierce Online). Overall, there were many gods that the Celts believed in that led them through their daily lives.
The Druids held much of the authority of the Celtic Religion. “ Druids, priests of ancient Celtic Britain, Ireland, and Gaul and probably of all ancient Celtic peoples, known to have existed at least since the 3d century BC,”(Columbia Encyclopedia Online). The Druids were also known as the human form for their Gods. “ Druids were a major power within the Celtic empire, with all public and private affairs subject to their authority,”(Mcloed). Many druids performed human and animal sacrifices and practiced many forms of magic. “The Druids of Gaul were both judges and priests who sacrificed criminals to their gods,” ( 242). The druids were of high knowledge in which many Druids were teachers, doctors, and lawyers. The Druids were also thought to be teachers for the young and generally for the community. “ ... they taught by oral transmission, and their courses are said to have lasted as long as 20 years,” (Columbia Encyclopedia Online). Druids were, in turn, one of the most respected of the Celts.
In conclusion, the Celtic religion is one that is based on various aspects and ceremonies. Similar to all other cultures, the Celts had their own religion, tradition, and culture, and it makes them who they were. The Celtic tribes combined their religious beliefs with almost everything they did, which is what gave them bravery and the strength to live their daily lives.