King Carol II

King Carol II

Length: 1023 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
King Carol II

The country I chose for my internet project is Romania and the subject dealt with is the reign of King Carol II. In all my findings in the different web sites searched they all portrayed him as the most disputed among the four Kings of Romania. Although not a particularly good leader for Romania he played a very important part in Romania's history during a very turbulent time period. His controversial reign ultimately gave rise to a personal, corporatist dictatorship. Much of his life was caught in turmoil and his domestic life was a constant source of scandal.
The oldest son of King Ferdinand I, Carol was born on October 3rd, 1893 at Sinaia, being the first Romanian King to be born in Romania. In his early years, King Carol I took care of his education, preparing him for his duties as heir of the throne. As a young man he proved to be an intelligent student with an overflowing personality.
Troubles for the young man soon to be king were not in the too distant future however. Once King Ferdinand acceded to the throne, Carol at 21 became the heir of the throne. At this same age he becomes senator by law in the Romanian Parliament. During WWI, while the government and the Royal Family were in refuge at Iasi, Carol deserts from the army and ran away with his mistress, Ioana Lambrino, daughter of an army major. They later secretly married in Odessa. A huge scandal soon followed and Carol was sent to the Horaita-Neamt Monastery and later the Court of Ilfov declared the marriage null. Despite all of this, Carol continued to see his lover, from this relationship Mircea the illegitimate son of Carol was born in 1920. Carol was sent away in a long trip to end the relationship with Ioana Lambrino.
One year later, Carol met Elena, the daughter of King George and Queen Sofia of Greece. They married the same year and on October 25 their son Michael, future King of Romania, was born. The relations between the two dissolved shortly after the birth of their son and they distanced themselves from each other. Soon after that Carol meets Elena Wolf Lupescu. He eventually falls in love with her. From then on Elena dominates Carol his entire life from then on.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"King Carol II." 21 Nov 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

King Carol II Essay

- King Carol II The country I chose for my internet project is Romania and the subject dealt with is the reign of King Carol II. In all my findings in the different web sites searched they all portrayed him as the most disputed among the four Kings of Romania. Although not a particularly good leader for Romania he played a very important part in Romania's history during a very turbulent time period. His controversial reign ultimately gave rise to a personal, corporatist dictatorship. Much of his life was caught in turmoil and his domestic life was a constant source of scandal....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
1023 words (2.9 pages)

Joyce Carol Thomas, an Influential Writer Essay

- ... She is bedridden for months and does not talk until she is attacked by a swarm of wasps (“Marked by Fire”). As Abby recovers from the trials of life, she discovers both the pain and joy with having dignity in her heritage (“Marked By Fire). She graduates high school and decides to stay in Ponca City as an herb doctor and healer. Abby symbolizes the universality of being an African American. Her name comes from the former name of Ethiopia (“Marked by Fire”). Marked by Fire won the National Book Award in 1983 (“Marked by Fire ~ Joyce Carol Thomas.”)....   [tags: African-American, Trials, Novels]

Research Papers
706 words (2 pages)

Essay on Folly in William Shakespeare's King Lear

- Folly in William Shakespeare's King Lear       In "East Coker," T. S. Eliot pleads "Do not let me hear / Of the wisdom of old men, but rather of their folly…." (Eliot 185) The folly of old men must surely be a central trope in any discussion of Shakespeare's imposing tragic accomplishment, King Lear. Traditional interpretations of the play, drawing on the classical Aristotelian theory of tragedy, have tended to view Lear's act of blind folly as hamartia, precipitating the disintegration of human society....   [tags: William Shakespeare The Tragedy of King Lear]

Research Papers
2870 words (8.2 pages)

The Journey to Adulthood in Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been by Joyce Carol Oates

- ... Joyce Carol Oates shows this by writing, “It was the same program that was playing inside the house. “Bobby King?” she said. “I listen to him all the time. I think he’s great.” “He’s kind of great,” Connie said reluctantly.” “Listen, that guy’s great. He knows where the action is.” (p.3-para.2). This shows how Connie feels shocked that Arnold was also listening to the same music as she was when she was inside the house last time. Since she was incompetent in realizing how teenagers interpret the music than adult figures, Connie is vulnerable when Arnold threatens her to come to him because of the rock music that is being allotted to teenagers....   [tags: maturity, music, love]

Research Papers
1109 words (3.2 pages)

Analysis of Carol Ann Duffy's Poem, Mrs. Midas Essay

- Written by the British poet laureate, Carol Ann Duffy, “Mrs Midas” is one of the entries in her poetry anthology The World’s Wife. All entries in The World’s Wife satirise a foible of man’s nature, through the means of a well-known figure in history (or mythology). “Mrs Midas” is a female recollection of the social repercussions of her husband’s insolence, greed and stupidity. King Midas is one of the most (in)famous figures in Greek mythology and was best known for his ‘touch of gold’. According to popular Greek mythology, the god of wine and pleasure, Dionysus, offered the king a wish....   [tags: poetry]

Research Papers
1197 words (3.4 pages)

The Adventure Fantasy Genre in Film: King Kong Essay

- The adventure fantasy genre in film has its beginnings in the early 20th century, according to Tim Dirks, a writer for the web site “Adventure films can live vicariously through the travels, conquests, and explorations, creation of empires, struggles and situations that confront the main characters, actual historical figures or protagonists.” Therefore, the genre has many components, such as a science fiction adventure, a western adventure, a jungle, fantasy and even a romantic adventure....   [tags: tim dirks, science fiction]

Research Papers
1034 words (3 pages)

Salome and Anne Hathaway in Carol Anne Duffy's Poems Essay

- Salome and Anne Hathaway in Carol Anne Duffy's Poems Carol Anne Duffy wrote both Salome and Anne Hathaway. In this essay I am going to be comparing how the characters of Salome and Anne Hathaway are presented in Duffy's two poems. Duffy's intention as with all of her poems is to give historically famous women who were previously unheard a new voice. Both these poems are written in the women's view like a monologue, both deal with death and have a sexual content. Anne Hathaway is Shakespeare's wife....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
848 words (2.4 pages)

Essay about Analysis of Carol Tavris' In Groups We Shrink From Loner’s Heroics

- Analysis of Carol Tavris' “In Groups We Shrink From Loner’s Heroics” “Something happens to individuals when they collect in a group. They think and act differently than they would on their own. (17)” States Carol Tavris in her article, “In Groups We Shrink From Loner’s Heroics”. Tavris believes people who are in groups tend to act in a more sluggish manor than those alone. She states many examples of this theory in her article, including the story of Kitty Genovese which is stated in the first paragraph....   [tags: Rhetorical Analysis]

Research Papers
1001 words (2.9 pages)

Carol Tavris' In Groups We Shrink From Loner’s Heroics Essay

- Carol Tavris' In Groups We Shrink From Loner’s Heroics “In Groups We Shrink From Loner’s Heroics” is an essay about how people in groups behave together. The author of this essay believes that when people are in groups they will do nothing to help a person in distress and that they cannot think for themselves. “In Groups We Shrink From Loner’s Heroics”, by Carol Tavris was ineffective because it used logical fallacies, overused pathos, had weak references to logos, and used inductive arguments....   [tags: Sociology Groups Shring Tavris Essays]

Free Essays
853 words (2.4 pages)

The Change in Scrooge’s Character Essay

- The Change in Scrooge’s Character How does dickens show the change in scrooge’s character in ‘A Christmas Carol’, look closely at the language used and how this influences the reader In 1843 Charles dickens wrote ‘A Christmas Carol’ partly to make people aware of the terrible conditions of the children of the poor. In 1843 he visited the field lane ragged school and was appalled by what he saw there/ ragged schools catered for the very poorest, hungry children who roamed the streets, trying to teach them the basic skills of reading and writing....   [tags: A Christmas Carol Charles Dickens Essays]

Free Essays
759 words (2.2 pages)

They ran to Paris to live together. Carol takes the name of Carol Caraiman. Another scandal soon follows and King Ferdinand decides to withdraw Carol's privileges and names Michael as his successor to the throne. In 1927 King Ferdinand dies, leaving Michael to become King of Romania. Being only four years old a Regency is formed to rule until Michael is 21. The Regency is formed of Prince Nicolae- Michael's uncle, Miron Cristea- The Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church, and Gheorghe Buzdugan- the president of the High Court of Justice. Not long after this Gheorghe Buzdugan passed away and George Sarateanu took his place.
In 1930 Carol returns and just two days later, June 8 Carol is proclaimed King of Romania. The return of Carol was facilitated by the political situation in the country. Under his reign King Ferdinand had introduced the universal vote. This led to a proliferation of political parties in Romania: the Liberal Party and the Conservative Party. After WWI the situation changed. The Conservative Party ceased to exist and dozens of other parties took its place. The Liberal Party that was responsible for the formation of this government, led by Ionel Bratianu opposed Carol's return for a short time.
But shortly after Ferdinand's death, Bratianu passed away too. The government then lost its influence in the political arena, and the Regency had little influence in the political arena as well. In 1928 the Peasants Party took the power, against the liberals. It became a popular new form of government but despite this the new government could not do much to improve the political situation, being faced with the consequences of the world economic crisis.
With the idea that Carol would be the person that could end the fights between the parties and the political instability. On June 6, 1930 Carol returned to Bucharest and two days later the Parliament rids the laws that forbade Carol to become the heir of the throne. He became King Carol II of Romania. It was the first time in history that the father succeeded his son to the throne. Despite the promises Carol made to the Prime Minister, Carol doesn't end the relationship with Elena Lupescu. He brings her back to Romania and forces Queen Elena to leave the country.
Carol's reign lasted for ten years, between 1930 and 1940. In these years Carol's rein brought strong economic growth to Romania. But it also brought the disintegration in 1938 of the parliamentarian democracy in Romania. The establishment of Carol's Royal Dictatorship was facilitated by both the internal and international political situation. In the 1930's dictators already ruled most of the countries in Europe. In Romania the people were very disappointed by the political parties. In addition to this right wing extremist movements were flourishing in those times. The most important right wing movement was The Legionary Movement, led by Horia Sima and Corneliu Zelea-Codreanu. Violence was a popular practice to end political arguments during this time. Two Prime Ministers were killed by the legionnaires under the reign of Carol II.
A new war was beginning to emerge in Europe at this time, WWII. In 1938 Carol established a personal dictatorship regime without much conflict because of the distractions created by the war. He outlawed all of the political parties, establishing a new one. His dream to be "The King of National Resurrection". This dream would not become a reality however. He then surrounded himself with a group of dubious persons, most of them introduce by his mistress Elena Lupescu.
The following two years were filled with bad fortune for Romania. In 1940, following a treaty between Hitler's Germany and Stalin's USSR, Romania lost Basarabia and Northern Bucovina to USSR and northwestern Transilvania to Hungary. All of this happened without any violence. Carol was then left without any internal or external political support, facing rallies throughout the country militating against him. The people blamed his for the loss of these territories and for the violence in the political life in the country. In 1940 Carol gave up most of his decision-making powers in favor of General Ion Antonescu who later becomes the head of state. More bad fortune comes to Carol when on the next day Antonescu forces Carol to renounce his thrown and give it to Michael, who becomes for the second time King of Romania. Being only 19, Antonescu was still the actual new ruler of Romania.
Carol then leaves Romania for good on September 7, 1940 together with his mistress Elena Lupescu, in a special train. He took with him lots of treasures from Romania. He lived for several years in some South American countries. Later he came back to Europe where he settled in Portugal.
During WWII and immediately after that he had some unsuccessful attempts to regain the throne, contacting great powers like the Soviets. They only caused trouble to King Michael during negotiations with the allies. The Romanian political personalities did not give any support or attention to Carol on these attempts. In the end Carol marries Elena Lupescu in 1949. He then dies shortly after in 1953 of cancer. Elena Lupescu outlived him for almost 25 years and inherited his huge fortune.
In dates there were some minor disagreements between different websites but most were consistent. Carol was looked at I think as kind of cowardice in some ways. He was not a respected leader, but was very much realized as an important leader in Romanian history. Although his untamed living habits were obviously not doing good for the country they were still looked at with not so much respect but with some admiration for being able to lead himself out of trouble. King Carol II was easily the most disputed of the Kings but also had a precarious life style that stood out and made him probably get more attention then he really deserved.
Return to