Sioux Indians, Tantanka Yotanka, Custer's Last Stand

Sioux Indians, Tantanka Yotanka, Custer's Last Stand

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Sioux Indians, Tantanka Yotanka, Custer's Last Stand

The Sioux Indians are a large Indian group, located North of Mexico. The actual Sioux name, Nadouessioux means little snakes. The Sioux Indians moved from the east and then ended up near the Mississippi, then moved again to somewhere around Dakota, a little north of Mexico. They referred to themselves as the Otecti Cacowin (Seven Council Fires) because they had 7 council divisions. They were Mdewakantons, Wahpekutes, Wahpetons, Sissetons, Yanktons, Yanktonais, and the Tentons. The Tenton Sioux nomads lived in teepee's and hunted buffalo. They mainly wore buffalo skin, breech clothes, and moccasins. Most of the groups wore similar clothes and also hunted the same food, buffalo, which were plentiful during this time.
The Sioux Indians then went battle to with George Custer's infantry. Tantanka Yotanka was the Sioux's leader at the Battle of Little Big Horn. He basically started the battle, when he refused to go to a reservation. Tantanka Yotanka is more commonly known as Sitting Bull. He was a medicine man, and then became the main leader of this battle, which later became the greatest victory ever for the Indians. The Army was then to remove them, and take them to the reservation. They Sioux had around 1,800 to 9,000 warriors, but they really only needed around 4,000 to win the war. But, Custer wasn't aware of how many Indians they had, which is a huge disadvantage. Other Indian groups also joined them like the Blackfoot Sioux and the Sans Arc, some other nomad bands joined them.
Lieutenant George A. Custer was born on December 5, 1839 in Harrison Count, Ohio. Custer and his U.S. Army troops went to battle against the Indians. His men totaled around 660 men, which is much much less then the Indians. On June 25th Custer found out where the Indians were approximately. They thought they were around the Little Big Horn River, which flows to the surrounding plains. The attack came to a surprise to the Indians. When the battle began Terry's column, which was in the vicinity of Custer, heard the gunshots, and came to his aid.

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In the long run, Terry's column wasn't much of a help. Nobody knows exactly how many men were killed, but it was a lot. The total U.S. casualties of the battle were 263 killed, 10 civilians and scouts, and 44 wounded. About 212 of Custer's men were killed.
The Sioux later moved to Canada, where they depended on the buffalo for food. Then later, their buffalo supply ran out, and the Indians were left to suffer with little food, in Canada harsh cold winters.
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