Essay PreviewMore ↓
Laws. We all must obey them, but why? For fear of going to jail, or being fined? Those are the individual effects of civil disobedience, but what happens what is the purpose of law in society? Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau all attempted to interpret the need for laws in society, in order to maintain the good of the whole and the individual. Each of there examination of the need for laws in society arose from the individual's departure from the "state of nature" to community living. It is important to examine each philosopher's idea of the "state of nature" to then understand what laws are important and why obedience is necessary.
The State of Nature
Thomas Hobbes saw the state of nature, not as a period in history, but a rather how individuals would act in the most fundamental state, a state where there was "continual fear, and danger of violent death; And the life of man, solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short." A state where the most natural condition for the human race was the pursuit of power and a constant struggle to survival. Nothing about the state of nature to Hobbes was warm and happy, rather it was a constant solitary, poor nasty brutish and short struggle to survive, where all men were equal. Equal because they all were capable of killing each other. No man would want to live in this state of nature. So therefor, man seeks to leave this state and enter governed human existence.
John Locke saw the state of nature as being almost as horrible to that of Hobbes' but he believed that God's law still existed and created morality for humans. In the state of nature, Locke hypothesized that all men had perfect freedom and all were equal. They also, being to the service of their creator God, had a moral obligation to protect all of mankind rather than just the protecting the liberty of oneself. The problem that occurred in Locke's state of nature was one where every man held executive and legislative power and governs for themselves and were able to determine crimes and punishments. This absolute power and desire for power deteriorates into the state of war, which is only avoidable if man enters into society, and thus he can preserve his life and property.
How to Cite this Page
"Laws." 123HelpMe.com. 28 Jan 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- To begin, what is the “Stand Your Ground Law”. Well many states such as: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, and West Virginia have stand your ground laws which state that individuals do not have to retreat before using force in a self- defense situation or many states have laws that are remarkably similar to stand your ground laws.... [tags: State laws, Self Defense Laws]
1578 words (4.5 pages)
- The strict laws of the Soviet Union and the severe policies of the governing party regarding dissension – the flouting of which made punishments such as internment and forced expulsion to autonomous regions, or even death – led to significant unrest among minority religious and ethnic groups, including Jews. Under the authority of the Soviets, traditional religious practices were replaced secular alternatives , and these policies applied to Gentiles and Jews in equal measure. These traditions were considered “superstitious” and the government even sought to disseminate religious material – such as Passover haggadot – for holidays that contained the ideological pillars of Communism.... [tags: communist party, immigration laws]
1853 words (5.3 pages)
- In the Jewish religion dietary laws are one of the most important parts of keeping the faith. These laws are thought to be sent from God to keep the Jewish people pure. Over the year it has became easier for Jews to eat kosher but many people have chosen to assimilate with passing time. A tradition that started around 3500 years ago that has kept its importance. Around 1275 B.C.E many of the Jewish prophets started to talk about kashrut otherwise known as keeping kosher. They talked about how God wanted them to eat only certain foods so that their souls would stay clean.... [tags: Dietary Laws, Purity, Kosher]
864 words (2.5 pages)
- a) Cite your selection in MLA style. Lessig, Lawrence. "Do Copyright Laws Stifle Creativity?" Online video clip. YouTube. YouTube, 12 Mar. 2009. Web. 11 Feb. 2014. b) What is the central message of this text. Please explain it in your own words. The central message of this text is that increasingly, outdated copyright laws are being manipulated and put to use in a ludicrous manner. This is resulting in the suppression of people’s ability to generate and share their own creative expressions. c) How would you define your position as an audience member (resistant, neutral, etc.).... [tags: Copyright Laws]
936 words (2.7 pages)
- Even though Alabama’s sexual predators laws are considered strict, it does not negate the fact Sexual predators often rob their victim of innocent that is never recovered. Furthermore, these sexual predators seek the most vulnerable persons in society to seek assault sexually. Alabama’s laws seek to alleviate however, predators many time will return to a predatory lifestyle even after prison. Technology has only served to enhance sexual predators’ ability to reach out to it victim in private by way of chat room and other social networks.... [tags: Sexual Crimes, Laws, Alabama]
672 words (1.9 pages)
- Abortion Abortion have been around for many years, studied for different societies. It was legal in the United States from the earliest times. In the middle 1800s, states began to pass laws that made abortions illegal. There are two different types of abortion.One is Clinic abortion, and the other one is an abortion pill. Abortions are very common. In fact, 3 out of 10 women in the U.S. have an abortion by the time they are 45 years old. The motive for anti-abortion laws varied from state to state.... [tags: anti-abortion laws, criminalization]
954 words (2.7 pages)
- There has been an increase of gays all over the world in the last few generations. Some countries have become accepting to it, but others are not having any of it and Uganda, a country in East Africa, is one of them. Uganda has passed severe laws for an anti-gay country. Some laws as severe as life in prison or death sentence. The U.S. should step in and act as an International police force before things get too out of hand because nobody should be put to death or spend lifetime in prison for being who they are.... [tags: Anti-gay Laws]
1010 words (2.9 pages)
- Jim Crow laws are about power. Power of one race over another. These laws really highlight the flaws and weakness of human nature. One group of people asserting power over another for the pride and vanity of a system of politics that had been defeated at the cost of thousands of American lives during the civil war. The term "Jim Crow" has its origins of interest also. The interpretation was intended to ridicule the African American by white American's in the position of power. The Jim Crow laws were initiated after the civil war during the deconstruction of the new south and they help to create a racial caste system in the American South.... [tags: Jim Crow Laws Essays]
3868 words (11.1 pages)
- In the articles of “Crito,” by Plato, and “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” by Martin Luther King, Jr., two writers make a case over whether it is moral or not to disobey laws. The question to be answered in our final paper asks whether we agree with what the Laws say about if Socrates was to escape and why we feel that way. It also asks how we think Martin Luther King would have responded to the judgment of the Laws of Athens. In this paper, I will address these questions as well as do a quick overview of each article.... [tags: Plato Crito Philosophy Laws Essays]
1797 words (5.1 pages)
- Three Strike Laws Mandatory minimums and three strike laws, are they really the answer to the crime problem America has faced for years. Many would say yes, including me, as long as it is for a violent crime such as murder, rape or arson; some feel that even theft, drug trafficking or possession, and burglary are all worthy of the 25-to-life sentence that can be carried under the mandatory minimums for three strike laws. A three-strike law is a law that states that you will be sentenced to 25years to life for three violations and convictions of a law.... [tags: Law Laws Argumentative Persuasive papers]
1735 words (5 pages)
The state of nature Hobbes and Locke describe are undoubtedly undesirable and unsatisfying ways to live, so it is easy to see why man would find an organized society more alluring, however Rousseau's state of nature is almost the opposite. The state of nature to Jean-Jacque Rousseau was a state of freedom. He did not see the state of nature as an abstract idea of how it would be if there was no society; rather he saw it as the way things were before humans were forced into the chains of society. The state of nature was an ideal but now unattainable state. Because there can never be a return to a state of nature, Rousseau believes that man must enter into the only other alternative, a state of morality, which he sees as feasible through a sovereign society.