Elizabeth and Parliament Notes

Elizabeth and Parliament Notes

Length: 951 words (2.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Elizabeth and Parliament Notes

The situation of parliament faced by Elizabeth I was extremely
different to how it would have been today. She was firmly at the heart
of the nation's political life. Parliament played no part in either
its selection or its policy making. The House of Lords was at least as
important as the House of Commons. Over a 1/3 of MPs were effectively
nominated by powerful lords. It met only when and for as long as the
queen wished it. In total there were 13 sessions called by Elizabeth,
these being in

1. 1559

2. 1563

3. 1566

4. 1571

5. 1572

6. 1576

7. 1581

8. 1584

9. 1586

10. 1589

11. 1593

12. 1597

13. 1601

No session lasted for more than a few months. Its main action was to
consider the issues that the Elizabeth's representatives asked it to.
When any questioning of Elizabeth's actions actually happened they
would always be moderate, cautious and highly respectable. Elizabeth
clearly defined what issues could be raised and which could not be and
those that were her prerogative e.g.: Religion (she was divinely

Foreign Policy (as Queen she dealt with other monarchs)

Marriage and Succession.

Though people may have felt she was taking too much for herself they
ultimately respected her.

There were no political parties so no party politics, the only
connections that can be seen were those of patrons and clients (for
example the Earl of Essex had over 30MPs as clients in the 1590's) but
even these had nothing in common with modern day party politics. It is
also seen that Burghley had some servants in each parliament to keep
an eye on what was going on but these did not make up a party in the
modern meaning.

How historians have approached the topic.

Whig historians claim that although Elizabeth's rein saw the first
steps towards the Civil War they see that the struggle between Crown

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Elizabeth and Parliament Notes." 123HelpMe.com. 24 Feb 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Legacy of Queen of Elizabeth II Essay

- In every country, there are individuals who have had an importance to their time period. This importance is highlighted by the individual’s background, roles, and actions. ““The things which I have here before promised, I will perform and keep. So help me God.” The words the Queen said on her Coronation Day as she laid her hand on the bible” (Bradford 4). At the young age of twenty five, Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary became Queen. The Queen is now the second-longest reigning Monarch in England, reigning for fifty nine years thus far....   [tags: Biography of Her Majesty the Queen]

Research Papers
891 words (2.5 pages)

Elizabeth I Essay

- Elizabeth I Anne Boleyn gave birth to Elizabeth I on September 7, 1533. Elizabeth's father, Henry VIII, had Anne executed before Elizabeth reached the age of three. Some believe that he had this done because Anne did not produce a male heir to the throne (Weir 12-13). After the death of Elizabeth's stepsister, Mary, Elizabeth won the claim to the throne. When Elizabeth came to power, many problems plagued her island country. During Elizabeth's reign, many problems arose, but using her intellectual ability, she maneuvered her small country through the times of hardship....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
1409 words (4 pages)

Essay about Chapter Notes for Pride and Prejudice

- Chapter notes for Pride and Prejudice Chapter 1 A rich man moves into the neighborhood and Mrs. Bennet wants Mr. Bennet to visit with the long-term goal of marrying off one of her five daughters. Mr. Bennet tells her that he will not visit Mr. Bingley. Chapter 2 Mr. Bennet eventually goes and meets with Mr. Bingley being the first neighbor to do so. He does not tell his wife right away that he has met him, but when he finally does, the girls get excited about Mr. Bingley’s supposed return visit....   [tags: mrs. bennet, elizabeth]

Research Papers
1012 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about Elizabeth’s Relationship With Her Parliaments

- Elizabeth’s Relationship With Her Parliaments Over the years, there has been much debate amongst historians Orthodox, Revisionist and Post – Revisionist, as to whether the relationship between Elizabeth and her parliaments was one of “conflict and contest,” or of “cooperation and consent”. Most of the different schools of thought agree on the facts, but disagree in their interpretations of the relationship. In general, taking into account all of the parliaments that took place throughout Elizabeth’s reign, the contemporary historians believe that Elizabeth’s relationship with her parliaments was one of “cooperation and...   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
2147 words (6.1 pages)

Facts and Accomplishments of Queen Elizabeth Essay

- Many people, in England, believe that there has always been one queen to stand above the rest. That queen was Elizabeth the 1st. She has made many accomplishments during her reign. From a compromise about what religion England would follow to defeating the Spanish Armada. Elizabeth was born September 7, 1533 in Greenwich England. She was the daughter of King Henry VII and his second wife, Anne Boleyn. Elizabeth had a half sister from the king’s first wife, Catherine of Aragon, and also had a half brother from the king’s third wife, Jane Seymour....   [tags: queen elizabeth, protestants, spanish armada]

Research Papers
1197 words (3.4 pages)

Field Notes From a Catastrophe by Elizabeth Kolbert Essay

- Part 1: Summary In this book, Kolbert travels to many places to find out what is happening with global warming. Quite often she ran into the same fear at the places she went, the fear for loss before the next generation. When she went to Alaska, many people were fleeing from their homes because the sea ice surrounding them, creating a buffer zone for storms, was melting and that was causing houses to just be swept away. A man in Iceland who has monitored glaciers predicted that by the end of the century, Iceland will be ice free....   [tags: Kolbert Field Notes Catastrophe Book Analysis]

Free Essays
1701 words (4.9 pages)

Music as Substance and Form in Grace Notes Essay

- Music as Substance and Form in Grace Notes In the novel Grace Notes by Bernard MacLaverty, Catherine's growth as an artist through the story provides both substance and form to the story. Early on in Catherine's life, she was taught and influenced by the people close to her. Miss Bingham was her first formal teacher. She taught Catherine things she seemed to have known beforehand: "Miss Bingham says it's all inside her head and all she has to do is draw it out" (99). Miss Bingham also gave Catherine her first manuscript jotter, taking her on her way to becoming a composer....   [tags: Grace Notes]

Free Essays
795 words (2.3 pages)

Hugh Prather's Notes to Myself Essay

- Sometimes mankind has to ask the question ‘what is it that makes up the actions and determines the type of interaction that we display when around other people?' Notes to Myself is the contemporary world's way of questioning the value of putting on facades. The novel also questions things we know as ‘ trivial' such as watching a cat sleep on our belly or staring at clouds in the sky. The author used an interesting form for writing his collection, omitting page numbers and leaving no indication as to what subject the reader should expect to be encountering upon reading sections....   [tags: Notes to Myself Essays]

Free Essays
399 words (1.1 pages)

Essay about Ethical Principles Notes

- Ethical Principles Notes There are many ethical principles. e.g. a woman has a right to control what happens to her body we should respect life we should do no harm to others we should help others there should be justice in the distribution of resources Some principles are more general than others. So some principles are special cases of more general ones. For instance, the right to control what happens to one's body is a special case of the principle of autonomy, the right to control one's own life....   [tags: Ethics Philosophy PHI Notes]

Free Essays
436 words (1.2 pages)

The Parliament Essay

- The Parliament was an elected organization set up by the king to manage the country to save the King the effort. Although officially ruled by the King, Parliament was increasing it’s power so rapidly that by the 1600s it could no longer be relied on to do what the King wanted. King Charles 1st came into conflict with his Parliament in 1629 when he ordered Parliament to raise taxes and it refused. His response was to abolish Parliament and he ruled Parliament on his own for 11 years. However, the people didn’t support him and he ran short of money so he had to reinstate Parliament in 1640....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
738 words (2.1 pages)

Related Searches

and Commons began after 1603. It was to be expected that the main area
of research was focused on Elizabeth's dealings with parliament to
find the origins of the break down and the "seeds of the Civil War"
which they believed to occur in the Tudor period.


Neale in the 1950's claimed that the breakdown was a result of a group
within the House of Commons. His interpretation was immediately
accepted as the new orthodoxy. For about a generation it was widely
accepted that this view was to be the last word on the matter. However
the Whig view was being slowly eroded up until about the 1070's when
it was regarded as being "old-fashioned". Now historians were thinking
that aspects of history should be studied with the context of their
own times rather than being used to provide explanations. Historians
interested in the causes of the Civil War wondered whether long-term
causes were as important as had been traditionally thought. Thus they
agreed that there was no need to look back any further than 1637.

In the 1980's historians such as Jones, Graves and Elton made claims
that Neale had misunderstood the evidence on which his work was
focused, his evidence was unreliable and conclusions were dubious and
invalid. Now Elton has filled most of the spaces left open but there
is still a lot of work to be done.

The Neale Interpretation.

Neale identifies the "Puritan Choir". He describes this a group of MPs
who made attempts to force Elizabeth to make policies that its members
liked and to raise the status of the House of Commons. To make this
view he cam across a pamphlet that named 43 MPs of 1566 and from this
he was able to identify on numerous occasions of when these men
opposed the Queen's wishes, raised the profile of the House of Commons
and made attempts to change laws. The Choir was responsible for
forcing Elizabeth to create a more Protestant religious settlement
that she really wanted. Also for creating problems with the marriage
and succession problems in 1563 and 1566 and the problems with Mary
Queen of Scots in 1572.

Neale highlights parts where it seemed that the MPs foreshadowed
events leading up to the Civil War (1566: the commons refusing to give
money until she satisfied their grievances, not successful immediately
but worked in 1640). Also, Neale highlights the actions of the
Wentworth brothers, Peter and Paul, in parliament between 1576 and
1593, for example making speeches that attacked Elizabeth, however
Peter (the most active in this) was sent to the Tower twice remaining
there on the second time until he eventually died there.

The Correction to Neale.

In the 1980's it became well known that Neale's idea of a Puritan
Choir was not correctand so his interpretation fell apart. The most
notable of the corrections was that some of the members of the choir
were also members of the Privy Council and that though it's members
may have influenced some MPs it was not to force Elizabeth for
Protestant reform or to alter the balance between Crown and
Parliament. It seems that what was happening in the Commons was
nothing different to what was happening between Elizabeth and her
counsellors and that Parliament was simply being used as another
method to get Elizabeth to do what they wanted. For example Burghley
hoped that is parliament joined in on the persuasions for something to
be done then Elizabeth would comply with the desires of her ministers.

It is Elton who has made the biggest efforts to explaining the
significance of the "Puritan Chorus" pamphlet of 1566. He has approved
that it was not a list of MPs who shared Puritan sympathies. For
example about 12 of the MPs was Privy Counsellors and some had a
Catholic education. However it is still unclear as to what the
pamphlet actually was although it seems very likely that it was a list
of MPs appointed to consult with the representatives of the House of
Lords. But no evidence has been found that allows us to criticise the
committee or the publication.

Neale's work though should not be discredited; his work has brought up
some correct findings. For example there was sometimes discontent
between Elizabeth's actions and the MPs, for example the marriage
problems of the 1560's and 1570's. Also he was correct in saying that
a large number of MPs did work to try and get the Church of England to
become more Protestant. There is the danger of saying that since some
of his work has been wrong he is a poor historian however this is
unfair and absurd. Most of his work is still being used today though
it is 60 years old. He simply allowed himself to fall into the trap of
selecting evidence that supported his claims and rejecting evidence
that didn't.

Many present day historians would claim that Whig historians have
fallen into this trap by looking back into history for explanations of
event that occur later on. Therefore those that write on the topic now
have been careful to study the theme within its own time and contest
(Elton for example). Thus Elton has found that the House of Lords was
much greater than Neale had thought and that the attempts made by the
House of Commons were simply "knee-jerk" that they had been forced to
face by the inferiority of their positions.
Return to 123HelpMe.com