Evaluation of How the Box Hill Area is Influenced by Human Activity

Evaluation of How the Box Hill Area is Influenced by Human Activity

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Evaluation of How the Box Hill Area is Influenced by Human Activity

The title for this piece of coursework is 'Evaluate how the Box Hill
area is influenced by human activity'.

The 'influence by human activity' reflects the way that humans utilise
the Box Hill area and the effect that leisure and tourism have on the
surrounding environment.

Location Map:

[IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE]

Box Hill is located in Dorking, Surrey, England.

OS map showing route and reference points

Scarp slope path:

[IMAGE]


[IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE]

Text Box: 6) Paths meet- 174 552 Text Box: 7) Stepping stones - 173 553 Text Box: 8) Near Burford Lodge – 174 555 Text Box: 9) Back to the start- 172 560 Dip
slope path:

South






[IMAGE]







North

The formation of the rocks in south-east England._________________________________________________________________

VERY OLD FOLDED ROCKS.




1. 225 MY : Weathering and erosion of very old folded rocks on an area
of land.

_________________________________________________________________

2. 175 MY : Continued weathering and erosion on land in the north;
deposition of weathered rock in the sea covering the area to the
south.

1. Clay.

[IMAGE]




Uplift

[IMAGE]

________________________________________________________________

3. 120 MY : Continued erosion of the land as it is slowly uplifted and
deposition in the sea as the basin gradually deepens. The size of the
weathered rock fragments has varied- clay or sand at different times.

3. Weald Clay.

2. Sandstone.

1. Clay.

[IMAGE]

[IMAGE]




7. London Clay

6. Chalk.

5. Gault Clay

4. LR. Greensand

3. Weald Clay.

2. Sandstone.

1. Clay.

_________________________________________________________________

4. 50 MY: Deposition over the whole of this area, which has become
submerged under water- including the deposition of chalk.

_________________________________________________________________

7. London Clay

6. Chalk.

5. Gault Clay

4. LR. Greensand

3.

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Related Searches

Weald Clay.

2. Sandstone.

1. Clay.

Syncline

Anticline




5. 25 MY: Alpine earth movements (Orogeny). The movement of the earth
's crust, which formed the Alps, also folded these rocks (but much
more gently) and exposed them as land.

_________________________________________________________________

[IMAGE][IMAGE]

[IMAGE]

[IMAGE]

[IMAGE]




Vale of Holmsdale. Leith Hill. Low Weald. High Weald.

6. Present : Continuing weathering and erosion of the rocks since the
folding and uplift. The clay (which forms valleys and low ground) has
been eroded more than the sandstone and chalk, which form hills.

The importance of Chalk to the Box Hill area:

Over many hundreds of years, there has been a constant build up of
rocks in the south-east of England, including,

Ø Clay,

Ø Sandstone,

Ø Weald Clay,

Ø L.R. Greensand,

Ø Gault clay,

Ø Chalk, and

Ø London Clay.

However, due to synclines, anticlines and present weathering, these
layers of deposited rocks have been eroded and exposed, forming hills.

Box Hill is an area which lies on a layer of exposed chalk, meaning
that the importance of chalk here is essential.

1755:

We have chosen to study grid square 1755, as it contains Box Hill
Country Park and its surrounding area. It is a popular area, which is
frequently visited and can be easily accessed by the A24 and by the
local train line. The peak of Box Hill, also indicated in the grid
square, is a place where people come to see the incredible views of
the downs.

Another reason why we chose this particular grid square was because of
all the possible tests that we would be able to do, and all of the
things there are to measure.

What we decided to measure:

Ø Primary Data:

Test

Reason

Noise pollution

We have chosen to measure noise pollution because of the vast amount
of noise that emerges from the A24.

Traffic survey

We have chosen to measure traffic due to the A24 being visible from
the mid-point of Box Hill, thus making the number of vehicles easy to
measure.

Footpath Erosion

We have chosen to measure footpath erosion, as there is a long
footpath in the area, travelling from the bottom of Box Hill, to the
top of Box Hill.

Bi-Polar Landscape assessment.

We have chosen to assess the landscape because of the fantastic view
which is visible from the top of Box Hill.

Ø Secondary data:

Test

Sources/information:

Accessibility

OS maps

Management

-Websites (www.nationaltrust.org.uk/learninganddiscovery)

- leaflets

- Textbooks.

The aims of my investigation are to study the Box Hill area in order
to answer the following questions:

Ø What happens to the levels of noise as we travel further up Box
Hill?

Ø What is the volume of traffic on the A24?

Ø What effect does trampling have on the main footpath?

Ø What is the landscape like at the top of Box Hill?

Ø How accessible is the area?

Ø How is the area managed?

[IMAGE][IMAGE]

Church:

[IMAGE]

Cricket pitch:

[IMAGE][IMAGE]

[IMAGE]




Data Collection:

Noise Pollution:

Method:

Using the sound level indicator, we recorded the average noise level
on a chart, and also took down the highest and lowest reading for each
location. Three readings were taken:

1. At the bottom of Box Hill by the A24;

2. Halfway up Box Hill;

3. At the top of Box Hill.

Type of data:

Primary Data

Effectiveness

This technique was quite effective, as it was simple and easy to
follow.

Problems:

Other noises, such as the wind blowing may have affected the results
and made the reading higher than it actually was.

Limitations:

Everyone has to be silent, as any other noises that are picked up will
affect the results.

Traffic Survey:

Method:

For a period of 10 minutes we recorded, onto a chart, all of the
vehicles passing Ryka's Diner on the A24 and then worked out estimates
for the amount of traffic per hour and per day.

Type of data:

Primary Data

Effectiveness:

The method was quite effective as we had a good view of the A24 from
the mid-point of Box Hill, and we could see the numbers of vehicles
that passed us. However, getting the results were difficult.

Problems:

Cars we going too fast, and were therefore difficult to count.

Limitations:

Because the A24 is such a big road, we could only count vehicles going
on one side of the road at any time. This meant that we had to
exchange results with someone who was measuring the traffic on the
opposite side of the road.

Also, our traffic survey was done in the afternoon. More surveys were
needed to be conducted in order to achieve a more accurate outlook of
traffic that passes Box Hill per day. E.g. there would be more traffic
travelling on the A24 at 7:00am than perhaps 1:00pm.

Footpath Erosion:

Method:

In small groups, using quadrats, a ruler and tape, we recorded the
vegetation types, vegetation cover, vegetation height and footpath
depth on each side of the footpath in 7 locations. This was done in 5
positions, from the beginning of the footpath to the top of Box Hill.

Type of data:

Primary Data

Effectiveness:

Quadrats only give you a % vegetation result for a certain part of the
footpath; therefore, it does not give you an accurate result for the
footpath as a whole meaning that the method was not that effective.

Problems:

This test took too long to complete.

Limitations:

Because there were so many positions that needed testing, we had to
split up in small groups. This meant that we had to exchange results
with one another, and other people's results may not have been as
accurate.

Bi-Polar Landscape assessment:

Method:

We must complete the Bi- Polar landscape analysis sheet by carefully
observing the landscape off and around the viewpoint at Box Hill. We
must then put numbers in the suitable boxes in the table depending on
our views. Our results as a whole year group will then be combined,
calculating an average score for each factor. A combined average total
score for Box Hill can then be calculated.

Type of data:

Primary data.

Effectiveness:

I didn't think that this test was effective, because all of our
results are based on opinions. Because many people have different
opinions, results may not be accurate.

Problems:

Many people have different opinions. This could affect our year group
results.

Limitations:

We only had a certain time limit at the top of Box Hill. This made it
hard for us to gather our opinions about the view carefully.

Accessibility of Box Hill:

Method:

Using an OS map, we tried to answer the question, 'Are people
attracted to Box Hill because it is easily accessible?'

To do this, we will…

1. Measure the distances from junction 8 and junction 9 of the M25
to the car park at the bottom of Box Hill with a mini trundle
wheel or an elastic band.

2. Count the number of train stations within 2km of the peak of Box
Hill and name them,

3. Count the number of roads within a 16km area around Box Hill.

We will record our results in a table.

Type of data:

Secondary data.

Effectiveness:

The techniques were effective, as OS maps give an exact scale, meaning
that we could measure the exact numbers of roads, stations and
distances easily.

Problems:

Because the maps that we used were laminated, the mini trundle wheels
kept slipping, and wouldn't give an accurate distance of the road.

Limitations:

There were only enough maps for us to work in small groups.

The management of Box Hill:

Method:

Using Secondary sources of information, we found out about how the Box
Hill area is managed in order to preserve it.

Type of data:

Secondary data

Effectiveness:

The method was not that effective, as we were using secondary sources
of data, as opposed to finding out for ourselves.

Problems:

Information about the management of Box Hill was hard to come by.

Limitations:

Secondary data could have been data that was collected many years ago,
and could be out of date now. This could have affected our findings.

Data presentation:

These are the results that I collected from each of my tests while at
Box Hill.

Noise pollution measurements:

Results Table:

Location

Sound Levels (decibels)

1. By A24

Average - 71dB

Lowest - 67dB

Highest - 78 dB

2. Halfway above Box Hill

Average - 62 dB

Lowest - 57 dB

Highest - 67 dB

3. Top of Box Hill

Average - 50 dB

Lowest - 47 dB

Highest - 55 dB

Graph of data:

[IMAGE]

I have chosen this method of presentation, as it would enable us to
see the results as 3 parallel lines on a graph. These lines would be
able to give us the range (difference between the highest and lowest)
of results that we recorded, as well as the average results.

Traffic survey:

Results table:

Type of vehicle

Traffic going right.

Traffic going left.

Total traffic.

Estimated traffic per hour.

Estimated traffic per day.

Car

IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII
IIII IIII III

IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII
IIII IIII

163

978

23,472

Taxi

II

2

12

288

Bus

0

0

0

Coach

0

0

0

Motorcycle

I

III

4

24

576

Bicycle

0

0

0

Van

IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII

IIII IIII IIII IIII IIII III

58

348

8,352

Lorry

IIII IIII I

IIII IIII IIII IIII

31

186

4,464

Other

II

2

12

288

Graph of data:

[IMAGE]

I have chosen this as my method of presentation, as it is a simple way
to show the total numbers of a specific vehicle passing on the A24, as
well as showing the different totals going left and right.

Footpath trampling measurements:

Theory work:

There are many ways in which footpath erosion and trampling could
occur. For example;…

1. There are different soil and rock types: Some types of soil and
rock types are weaker than others. This causes them to erode to a
greater extent as time goes by. This means, that if you compare
two types of soil (one strong, and one weak), which have had the
same conditions and the same amounts of trampling; the weaker soil
may have been affected more than the stronger soil.

2. The pressure of use: Some people and some species of animals are
heavier than others. Some animals even have smaller feet than
others, meaning that they leave a greater pressure on the ground,
as their great weight is spread out along a smaller area. Bicycles
have the same affect, since the weight of the person is spread out
along the area of the small wheels.

3. Slope angles: When people and animals walk up hills and slopes,
they use a greater effort to walk. This means that they leave a
greater pressure on the soil.

4. Type of vegetation: Some types of plants resist trampling more
than others. For example: Mat grass, bents and fescues resist
trampling best.

5. Climate: Places with heavy rain, strong winds and frost will
erode rock types. For example, an aquifer rock such as chalk will
absorb a lot of water from the rain, but will expand and break if
the water absorbed turns to ice. Also, strong winds could cause
weaker rocks to chip.

6. Animals and wildlife: Some animals such as rabbits and badgers
make burrows to live in. This damages the soil by making holes in
the ground, which will later fill up with water and cause the soil
to be washed away.

Effects of trampling:

1) Minimal trampling/ undisturbed:

[IMAGE]

The soil and rocks absorb Rainwater easily. The roots from the
vegetation bind the soil together and keeps the soil aerated.

[IMAGE]

[IMAGE][IMAGE]Good vegetation cover.

[IMAGE]Roots binding soil particles together.

2)

[IMAGE]

Ø Trampling compacts soil and reduces the infiltration rate.

Ø Water starts to run on the surface.

Ø Some vegetation types are very poor at withstanding trampling,
therefore the vegetation dies.

Ø Roots binding the soil together wither and die.

Ø Bare soil exposed.

[IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE]Soil compacts, reducing infiltration rate of
rainfall.

[IMAGE]Forms shallow gully.

[IMAGE]Rainwater washes away soil.

[IMAGE]


[IMAGE]Vegetation dies away.

Fewer roots so more soil lost.

3)

[IMAGE]

Ø Vegetation dies.

Ø Surface water washes particles of the soil away.

Ø Small gullies soon become enlarged = soil erosion.

Ø Underlying rocks exposed.

[IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE]All vegetation on the path dies.

[IMAGE]Underlying rocks exposed.

[IMAGE]Gulley which forms acts as channel for water running off fells.

4)

[IMAGE]

Ø The path deepens and forms a little stream; nobody wants to walk
there.

Ø Nobody wants to walk on the exposed rocks.

Ø People start to walk on the side of the gully.

Ø The erosion problem spreads as the process starts again.

[IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE]People trample grass at the sides causing the
path to widen more.

[IMAGE]


[IMAGE]Gulley deepens.

Stream forms.

Results:

Position 1

West

Centre

East

Distance (from centre)

3.0m

2.0m

1.0m

0m

1.0m

2.0m

3.0m

Vegetation types (No)

10

8

7

6

5

8

11

% Vegetation cover. (quadrat)

95

96

92

85

86

98

100

Vegetation height (ruler)

3

2.5

2

1

1.5

4

5

Footpath depth

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Position 2

West

Centre

East

Distance (from centre)

3.0m

2.0m

1.0m

0m

1.0m

2.0m

3.0m

Vegetation types (No)

10

9

4

4

6

8

10

% Vegetation cover. (quadrat)

99

97

95

85

96

100

100

Vegetation height (ruler)

5

3

1

0.5

1.4

1.5

5

Footpath depth

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Position 3

West

Centre

East

Distance (from centre)

3.0m

2.0m

1.0m

0m

1.0m

2.0m

3.0m

Vegetation types (No)

10

6

5

3

3

8

15

% Vegetation cover. (quadrat)

100

80

95

85

92

96

98

Vegetation height (ruler)

15

3

2

2

2

6

9

Footpath depth

0

2

3

1

1

1

0

Position 4

West

Centre

East

Distance (from centre)

3.0m

2.0m

1.0m

0m

1.0m

2.0m

3.0m

Vegetation types (No)

5

5

2

2

4

4

3

% Vegetation cover. (quadrat)

80

90

50

60

70

90

50

Vegetation height (ruler)

1

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

1.5

0.5

Footpath depth

0

0.5

1.55

1

3

0.5

2

Position 5

West

Centre

East

Distance (from centre)

3.0m

2.0m

1.0m

0m

1.0m

2.0m

3.0m

Vegetation types (No)

3

2

2

0

0

0

2

% Vegetation cover. (quadrat)

35

10

3

0

0

0

5

Vegetation height (ruler)

0.5

1

1

0

0

0

0.5

Footpath depth

0

1

3

3.5

4

3

4

[IMAGE]

[IMAGE]I chose this method for presenting the footpath depth data as
it allows you to see the data for each of the distances from the
centre of the footpath for every location. This makes it easy for
people to see all of the results clearly.

I have chosen this method of presentation as it enables me to see all
of the results for the numbers of vegetation types easily for each
position.

I have chosen these pie charts as my methods of presentation, as they
are easy to read when you are dealing with percentages, as you are
able to see the different % vegetation cover. I have combined the
totals, so that you can see the vegetation cover as a whole for both
the different positions and the different distances from the centre.

[IMAGE]

[IMAGE]

[IMAGE]

[IMAGE]


[IMAGE]

I have chosen this as my method of presenting the different vegetation
heights at different distances from the centre as it is able to give
us an accurate view of the different heights for all 5 positions.

The management of Box Hill…..

Since Victorian times, Box Hill has been a favourite leisure area for
the people of London and the surrounding areas due to its views and
local wildlife.

Since the arrival of the railway track in 1849, arriving to the area
from London, the hill has seen hordes of cyclists, picnickers, hikers
and motor sports enthusiasts using its site as a trialling ground.

The national trust was given the land in 1913 and has managed it since
that time. They help to preserve the land and therefore help the
wildlife that benefits from the chalk that is found here.

The following designations help to protect Box Hill against
development or change of use:

Ø Designated a Country Park in 1971

Ø Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) within the Mole Gap to
Reigate escarpment

Ø Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB Surrey Hills)

Ø Special Area of Conservation (SAC) a European designation given to
the Whites Cliff

Ø National Trust ownership since 1913

*The national trust provides many different special visitor facilities
at the bottom of the Hill in and around Ryka's Café. For example,
there is a designated area for coaches, cars and motorcycles to be
parked, although there is a fee for leaving vehicles. Coming out of
Ryka's café, there are many benches and picnic tables which help the
public, as they provide a space for people to eat meals bought from
the café, or brought from homes. Also, not far from the area, there is
a telephone box, allowing people to call home and other important
places. There are also many amenity areas such as a shop, toilet, etc
next to the main car park.

*At the top of the hill there is a viewpoint, laid out with a map so
that visitors know exactly what they are looking at. This is where
visitors can come and sit to admire the view. Nearby, there is a
national trust café, where people can come and buy hot drinks and
food. There is also a tourist information centre, where people can
come and ask, or get any information that they are unsure of. All of
these places make the top of Box Hill very suitable for tourists.

*Because Surrey is one of England's most wooded counties, 19% of the
woodland needs to be controlled in order to preserve the diversity of
the semi-natural habitats which are a feature of Box Hill. Wood is no
longer grown here as an economical crop, and the management of the
site is concentrating on preserving the wood that is grown here.

*Box Hill's woodland is managed by cutting bushes in order to keep the
place looking neat and tidy, and to stop them from covering other
vegetation and thus preventing light from getting to them. Views are
kept open so that people can view the beauty from the hill. Woodland
is coppiced, meaning that trees are filled in rotation about every 12
to 15 years, and using the grown shoots from the felled tree. Small
areas of hazel, ash and sweet chestnut are coppiced at Box Hill. Box
Hill also encourages a diverse fauna including the Roe deer,
squirrels, sparrow hawks, badgers, dormice, white admirals, purple
hairstreaks, silver-washed fritillaries and speckled wood butterflies.

*Dead trees are left in place. This helps the ecosystem as Box Hill is
a nationally important site for a variety of species which depend upon
dead and decaying timbre. This also helps preserve a diverse fauna, as
it helps different species of animals live.

*Sheep grazing is the traditional way of keeping the grass short on
Box Hill. They are useful to Box Hill, as they prevent the re-growth
of scrub. This is a benefit to plants, as it means that there are no
more weeds that sometimes strangle and kill plants. Another benefit to
plants is that the sheep provide nitrates in their faeces, which could
be used as fertiliser.

*The SSSI and the AONB help to preserve the natural environment as
they both give the land a title which should be respected. They also
give specific rules that people have to follow when on the site, and
any violation of these rules could result in a heavy fine.

[IMAGE]

Tree:

River Mole

[IMAGE][IMAGE]

[IMAGE][IMAGE][IMAGE]

River Mole:

[IMAGE]

Bushes and trees.




Accessibility of Box Hill:

1. Measure the distances from junction 9 of the M25 to the car park
at the bottom of Box Hill:

From junction 8: 13km (about 8 miles)

From junction 9: 10km (about 6 miles)

2. Count the number of train stations with 2km of the peak of Box
Hill. Name them:

There are 3 stations

Ø Deepdeen

Ø West Humble,

Ø Pixham.

3. Count the number of roads within a 16km area around Box Hill.

Type of road

Number

Points

Sub-total

A (red)

2

4

8

B (orange)

2

2

4

C (yellow)

7

1

7

Road accessibility total:

19

Analysis and Conclusions:

Noise Pollution measurements:

Description of results:

Ø All three sets of results (the lowest, highest and average decibel
levels) form straight lines on the graph, meaning that there is a
pattern between the different levels as you go further up Box Hill.

Ø The three lines all slope downwards, meaning that the decibel levels
have decreased, the further away you travel from the A24. This shows
that the experiment has been a success, and there are no anomalous
results.

Conclusion:

Ø As you can tell from the graph, the average sound levels and the
range of sound levels decreased as we climbed box hill. This is
because as you climb Box Hill, you get further away from the A24.

Ø The noise emanating from the A24 is an issue for tourists visiting
Box Hill because it makes their visit unpleasant, as it spoils the
peacefulness.

Ø The noise levels can be reduced by reducing the speed limit on the
A24, as slower moving cars make less noise.

Traffic survey:

Description of results:

Ø There are more than twice as many cars on the A24 than Vans, which
are the second most frequent forms of transport that we saw. This
tells us that there are very many cars travelling on the A24.

Ø Likewise, there are almost twice as many Vans on the A24 than
Lorries, which are the third most frequent forms of transport we saw.

Ø Our results show that many forms of transport travel along the A24,
but most of them in small numbers.

Conclusion:

Ø Cars are the most common vehicles on the A24. This is because there
are so many families who have cars now, as it is one of the main
sources of transportation.

Ø Bicycles, busses and coaches are the joint, least common forms of
transportation on the A24.

Ø The estimated number of vehicles in total travelling down the A24
per hour is 1,560.

The estimated number of vehicles in total travelling down the A24 per
day is 37,440.

Ø A particular busy period on the A24 could be during 08:00 - 10:00
and 16:00 - 19:00. This occurs because of the many people travelling
to work in the morning and then coming back home again in the evening.

Ø A particular busy day on the A24 could be during a bank holiday,
when many people come down to see the countryside on Box Hill Country
Park.

Ø People riding more bicycles and more people using public transport
such as busses or trains could reduce the levels of traffic using the
A24. Also, people travelling in the same direction or to the same
location could give each other lifts and use one car between many
people.

Ø A problem that the traffic could cause is pollution to the
atmosphere. This means that more acid rain will fall, causing rocks to
erode. Also, more and more people could get asthma.

Footpath trampling:

Description of Results and Conclusion:

Ø Due to the footpath, the vegetation types have decreased where there
is a lot of trampling (The top of Box Hill). Also, the number of
vegetation types is less towards the centre of the footpath than at
the west or the east of the footpath.

Ø Due to the footpath, the vegetation cover has generally been the
same for locations 1, 2 and 3, but is considerably less for location
5. This is what you find if you add up all of the results for each of
the locations.

Ø Looking at my pie chart for the combined % vegetation cover, you
will see that there is more vegetation cover at position 1 (the bottom
of Box Hill) than at position 5 (the top of Box Hill).

Ø If you add up all of the results for each of the distances from the
centre you will find that they are almost all equally the same.

Ø Because there is more trampling at locations 4 and 5, you will find
that the vegetation height is less here. Also, my graph indicates that
more people trample in the middle of the footpath, as there is a
lesser vegetation height here for most of the locations.

Suggested solutions for Box Hill.

Because Box Hill is not a not a national park, it does not have the
funding to make very expensive solutions to the footpath erosion
problem. However, they need a solution that would not make the
countryside look out of place. Therefore, it needs to think very
wisely about how to keep the problem under control.

Firstly the National Trust has to think about curing the problem.

Ø A good idea would be to reseed areas that are not too bad. This
would give it a chance to re-grow, and does not cost too much money.
However, this would not work with places that are affected greatly by
the problem.

Ø Another good idea would be to sink stones or gravel into the soil.
This has great advantages since it looks natural. A disadvantage of
this would be that it does not stop water erosion and only stops the
erosion made by trampling. Although a way of fixing this would be to
place pipes and gutters on the side of the path to drain the water,
this may look out of place and spoil the countryside.

Ø A very good idea would be to place GEOTEXTILES (little wire meshes)
on top of the eroded path. This would stop boot trampling as it acts
like a barrier. Eventually, the vegetation would be re-established if
it is used with re-seeding. A problem with this method would be that
it is very expensive.

Ø The solution to Box Hill's problem could be to lay stones onto the
footpath area as this would not only stop people from trampling on the
vegetation, but would look natural. As this option is cheap, this
could be what the National Trust needs to do to solve the problem.

Next the national trust has to think about controlling and educating
the people.

1. The national trust could make 'Please keep off the grass' signs,
and 'Please keep to the path' signs.

2. The national trust could repair the damage, and divert any people
to a different route. ('Path closed, Use other route' signs)

3. The national trust could educate people by handing out flyers,
giving tutorials and making videos so that they can cause minimum
damage.

4. The national trust could publicise Box Hill less so that less
people use the area.

The accessibility of Box Hill:

Conclusion:

Ø The road accessibility total for Box Hill was 19. This total was
reached through 2 'A' roads, 2 'B' roads and 7 'C' roads. This shows
that Box Hill Country Park can be reached quite easily by land
vehicles of all types.

Ø As there are 3 nearby train stations, people who do not drive can
also get to the area easily.

Ø People who live far away from the area can also get there easily, as
the M25 goes 13kms from junction 8 to the car park at Box Hill, and
also goes 10kms from junction 9 to Box Hill.

Ø Ealing Broadway has a road accessibility total of 52 (7 'A' roads, 4
'B' roads, and 16 'C' roads. This is over the total of Box Hill by a
significant amount due to the amount of 'A' roads in the 16km area.
However, considering that Ealing is a town in inner London, which is a
densely populated area and Box Hill is in the suburbs of London (a
sparsely populated area), Box Hill Country Park has a good
accessibility total nevertheless.

Final Conclusion:

In this piece of coursework, I have been researching into how human
activity has influenced the Box Hill area.

To do this, I have undertaken a series of tests and have researched
into many factors of human activity at the site. These include…

Ø Noise pollution,

Ø Traffic,

Ø Footpath erosion,

Ø Landscape

Ø Accessibility, and

Ø Management.

These techniques that we used reveal a great deal about the data.

With the noise pollution test, we found out that the amount of noise
decreases as you go further up Box Hill. This is because as you go
further up Box Hill, you are travelling further away from the A24.
However, although the noise pollution reading that we got from the top
of Box Hill was lower than the bottom, it was still quite high. This
reflects the popularity of the A24.

The traffic test revealed that the type of vehicle that travels most
on the A24 is the car. This is because it is a vehicle that has become
more and more popular, as most families now seem to own at least 1.
This is because cars are a convenient and comfortable way of
journeying. Vans and Lorries are also popular vehicles, as they are
able to carry large amounts of cargo.

These two factors of human activity can be linked to each other, as
one could say that the greater the amount of vehicles that are
travelling on the A24, the more noise pollution that occurs. At the
time that we did our survey, there were many fast moving cars. Because
fast moving cars make more noise than slow moving cars, more noise
pollution was produced.

The footpath erosion test showed that more erosion happens in the
middle of the footpath, as this is the area of the footpath where most
people walk. Also, more footpath erosion has occurred at the top of
Box Hill than at the bottom. This is due to more people walking at the
top of Box Hill, where two footpaths join to make 1.

Our Bi-polar landscape results shows us that Box Hill is a very
desirable place to visit, as it is an area of outstanding natural
beauty. This could be one of the reasons for Box Hill's vast
popularity as many people go there to witness the incredible views
from the top. When this is linked to footpath erosion, it shows that
countless people go to the top of Box Hill, which could be the reason
to why there is so much footpath erosion here.

Our results for accessibility show that Box Hill is an area that is
fairly easy to get to, due to the amount of train stations and 'A',
'B' and 'C' roads within the 16km area. This could be another factor
in Box Hill's popularity.

I also found out about how Box Hill is managed and what facilities
there are for tourists. As there are many facilities, including a car
park, restaurant, view point, shop, a toilet and picnic tables, this
shows that there are many things for tourists to do at Box Hill
Country Park. This could be another reason for the success and
popularity of the area.

Overall, what I have found is that Humans greatly influence the Box
Hill area. This is through noise, trampling, pollution (litter etc.)
and traffic. Since Box Hill is a Honey pot site, it is an easily
accessible and well managed area with plenty of facilities for
tourists. Because of this, Box Hill has to deal with many problems
that humans cause through good management.

An overall limitation to our study was that after months following our
visit to Box Hill, some of the things that we did escaped out of
memory when writing up our coursework. This could have been improved
by more than 1 visit to Box Hill, as this would have familiarised us
with the park once more.

Acknowledgements:

Ø I would like to thank my parents, for providing me with all the
equipment that I need for this particular piece of coursework.

Ø My sister for helping me and giving me advice whenever I needed
help.

Ø Mr Cuthbert, for providing me with all the knowledge that I have for
me to able to do this piece of coursework.

Ø My friends for giving me support while I was doing this coursework.

Bibliography:

Ø Drayton Manor geography field trip pack.

Ø Formation of southeast England sheet.

Ø GCP GCSE Geography.

Ø Longman's study guides for Geography.

Ø The Rambler association website.

Ø www.Streetmap.co.uk.

Ø www.studentcentral.co.uk.

Ø www.nationaltrust.org.uk/learninganddiscovery
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