Why There is a Need for World Development

Why There is a Need for World Development

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Why There is a Need for World Development

In this section of my coursework I will research and evaluate the need
for world development. By doing this I will look at inequality in the
world, and who, if anyone, is to blame. I need to look at why
different countries are at different stages of development and why.

Countries are now splint into two groups, MEDCs and LEDCs, however in
the 1950s countries were either 1st world, 2nd world or 3rd world
countries, which meant developed, developing and less developed. This
was changed when people began to realise that some countries were
developed in some aspects but not in others, and that no country was
or ever would be fully developed. 1st world countries such as North
America and England are 2 of the most developed countries and are
plagued with poverty, homelessness and racism. This shows that even in
the highest ranked MEDCs development still needs to be made. 2nd world
countries are gradually becoming richer and although they are not as
rich as Western countries they may not be poverty stricken as 3rd
world countries. A good example of this is Brazil - some parts of the
country are rich in natural resources and industry but right next to
it will be a poor shantytown besieged with disease.

Certain factors hinder progress in 3rd world countries development,
such as lack of education, although this may not sound as bad as
hunger disease and homelessness it can be the root of these and many
other problems. There are many reasons why some countries cannot have
easily available education; it could be due to damage from wars, or
just the cost for the country or the parents who have to pay for their
child's or their own education.

These are two major examples where lack of education is a big problem
in third world countries: in Bosnia the three main universities have
all been destroyed, this costs peoples jobs and these jobs may have
been nurses, doctors, teachers and other key careers; in Pakistan

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there is a literacy rate of less than 20% this means instead of
children going to school they are forced into child labour from a
young age and never receive any proper education.

Another common problem for third world countries is debt. Most LEDCs
are in huge debt, the most common reason for this is after 1970
Western banks loaned money to countries for major development projects
but many of these fails leaving the countries unable to pay back
loans. These debts keep growing even now as less developed countries
use soft currencies which means the value is ever changing, when the
value is low they have to pay more of their currency to match western
hard currencies, this often leaves countries falling behind on
payments and further worsening debt.

Sometimes even when loans are paid back they have repercussions on the
people inhabiting the indebted country. This is because the money for
paying the loans is took out of healthcare, education, and food
budgets.

In third world countries census and population data is not often
reliable due to illiteracy and rates of homelessness, the
unreliability of population data has knock on effects as government
budgets on food, education and healthcare are based on residents in an
area.

Many farmers in LEDCs grow cash crops as a form of income, they grow
things like coffee, tea, tobacco and cotton, and foreign wholesalers
buy them. For their work they are underpaid and have to work hard all
year round. If crops aren't up to standards due to weather or any
other reason farmers are not insured, buyers can back out or negotiate
a new amount to pay, farmers often have to go hungry as they sacrifice
their own crop space to grow more cash crops.

Wars cause great damage to any country, but LECDs are constantly
living in the damage from external and civil war. These wars destroy
crops, homes, hospitals and schools. Somalia was damaged greatly from
10 years of civil war, there is now few schools and hospitals, overall
Somalian poverty has been greatly increased.

40 out of 50 of the fastest growing LEDCs are located in known
earthquake danger zones, and 10 million of the people in LEDCs are in
constant threat of floods. These natural disasters ruin crops and
housing, sometimes even whole villages! Financially natural disasters
are a greater threat to LEDCs than MEDCs as they leave damage costing
around 20 times more than MEDCs, this is due to technology and
prevention methods. People living in poverty have nothing to fall back
on when badly struck by droughts, floods earthquakes and other natural
disasters.
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