Exploration of Biological Weapons

Exploration of Biological Weapons

Length: 903 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Exploration of Biological Weapons

We have all heard about biological weapons but I have never been
really sure about what it exactly is, when and how it is used… So in
this essay I am going to mix the science and the impact on society to
find the answers to all my doubts.

Biological weapons may be defined as "micro organisms that infect and
grow in the target host producing a clinical disease that kills or
incapacitates the targeted host". These microbes can be natural or
made by genetic engineering. Biological warfare means the use of
harmful bacteria as a weapon in a war. We also use the term
biochemical weapons: it is a mixture of the two words biological and
chemical. I have read in the article of Leonard A. Cole that
biological weapons should be considered as more dangerous because
chemical weapons are inanimate, but all the pathogens used in
biological weapons are reproductive and contagious. So biological
weapons are the only weapons that can become more and more dangerous
with time because of their multiplication.

The first recorded use of a biological weapon happened in Kaffa, in
1346: an army besieging the seaport catapulted plague infected
cadavers over the city walls. In the 1800s blankets infected with
smallpox were deliberately given to Native Americans, causing
widespread epidemics. In 1925 the Geneva Protocol was done to prohibit
the use of chemical and bacteriological agents in war. In 1972 a
treaty that prohibits the possession or development of biological
weapons was signed; it was called the Biological Weapons Convention.
Most countries applied this convention since, in 1980, the USSR was
the first one accused to violate the treaty. But, according to the
Office of Technology Assessment and at US Senate committee hearing,
the number increased since then and in 1995, 17 countries were
considered as biological weapons suspects. With the scientific
progress in biotechnology, it becomes easier and easier to produce
substances and so there are more chances for biological warfare.

We can say that there are different viewpoints about biological

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Exploration of Biological Weapons." 123HelpMe.com. 06 Apr 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=119523>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Space Exploration: The Key to the Future of Mankind

- While the origins of our planet stretch back some 4.6 billion years, the existence of modern man can be correlated to a single minute in the entire span of our geological calendar. Mankind has progressed from the primitive innovations of building fire and wielding stone-age tools to the achievements of industrialization and globalization. In our increasing world of interconnectivity, population explosion, and technological and scientific discoveries, how do we manage the accompanying challenges that threaten our existence....   [tags: Space Exploration Essays]

Research Papers
2028 words (5.8 pages)

Project Coast: South Africa’s Top Secret Chemical and Biological Weapon Program

- To protect the safety of the country and people of South Africa, those who hold authority or control in the decision making process sometimes are faced with making tough decisions. When it comes to South Africa, President P. W. Botha decided that to best protect the welfare of the citizens, a defensive measure must be established that was secure and efficient. The idea of such measures brought on an evolution of a secret chemical and biological weapons program which became known as Project Coast....   [tags: the project coast, basson trial]

Research Papers
1914 words (5.5 pages)

Weapons Of Mass Destruction The Defense Threat Reduction Agency Essay

- Throughout the century mankind has been in countless wars and with each passing war weapons have become more lethal and creative. In ancient days armies fought with smoke screens and toxic fumes, throughout the years methods of destroying other armies in one fell swoop has become an ultimate goal. In the outbreak of World War I and World War II armies developed phosgene, chlorine, mustard gas and nerve agents (Hersh, 1968, pg 7). Nuclear weapons were also developed in WW II, with so many threats the United States had to shield and protect itself (Davis, Purcell, 2006 pg 3)....   [tags: World War II, United States, Nuclear weapon]

Research Papers
1087 words (3.1 pages)

The Funding of Making Chemical and Biological Weapons Essay

- The Funding of Making Chemical and Biological Weapons Will the human race still be in existence in fifty more years. Although likely, there is a very real possibility that we will not be here. For example, after the Gulf War, we found Saddam Hussein stockpiling Weapons of Mass Destruction. Did you know that he had enough weapons to kill every single human, dog, and cow on the face of the earth. When I found that out, I thought it was very interesting, so I decided to do a report on it. If you keep reading, you’ll find out what I’ve found out....   [tags: Chemical Biological Weapons War Essays]

Free Essays
4399 words (12.6 pages)

Biological Weapons Convention Treaty Essay

- The Biological Weapons Convention treaty also known as the Biological and Weapons Toxin Convention was established in 1972. This treaty was created in the efforts to stop the production of Biological weapons and the use of it in combat. As well as banning the use of its delivery systems and storage facilities. In 1972 over 158 countries came to an agreement and signed the Biological Weapons Convention treaty. Although the treaty was signed in 1972 it did not take effect until 1975. This treaty only affected the countries who actually signed it....   [tags: biological warfare, toxins]

Research Papers
893 words (2.6 pages)

Biological Weapons: A Cheap and Effective Threat Essay

- Biological weapons hold a terrifying reputation. Because of this, one might hope that in fact, the weapons are ineffective and aren’t a serious threat. Unfortunately, this notion is completely flawed. The troubling truth is that biological weapons are very effective and can be easily obtained or made by opposing countries or terrorists. If you are thinking otherwise, consider this quote: “Myths to the contrary, the biological warfare and bioterrorist threats are real and require the full commitment of the United States and its allies to have a well-funded biodefense effort to produce an effective defense (Davis).” Not only is bio-warfare a threat, it is so serious that full commitment of the...   [tags: Biological, Chemical, and Nuclear]

Research Papers
2019 words (5.8 pages)

Use of Biological Weapons Through History Essay

- Biological weapons are often called the “Poor man’s atomic bomb” (Warfare Introduction). They are called this, because they are cheap and powerful. By definition, biological weapons are “any weapon usable in biological warfare” (WordNet Search-3.1). Another definition for biological weapons is “Biological weapons include any organism or toxin found in nature that can be used to incapacitate, kill, or otherwise impede an adversary” (Dire). Smallpox, ricin and anthrax are all biological weapons. Biological weapons have been used throughout history....   [tags: CDC,weapons, warfare, smallpox]

Research Papers
894 words (2.6 pages)

Metal Storm Essay

- Metal Storm What is Metal Storm. Metal Storm is a revolutionary type of ballistics technology, utilizing electrical impulses to fire projectiles, rather than conventional mechanical impulses. These weapons have no moving parts aside from the projectiles themselves. The bullets are stacked on end in the barrel, separated only by a thin layer of propellant. A small electric current passing through the barrel ignites the propellant, firing the bullet from the barrel. To prevent one layer of propellant from igniting the rest of the propellant in the barrel, causing a disastrous chain reaction, the bullets are modified so that the head of the bullet will expand, sealing the barrel, when the bul...   [tags: Technology Weapons Essays]

Free Essays
1456 words (4.2 pages)

National Missile Defense Essay

- National Missile Defense Historical Perspective On March 23, 1983, through a nationally televised address to the nation, then President Ronald Reagan envisioned a ”Star Wars” defense system to replace the existing element of mutual deterrence between the two Cold War superpowers. The system calls for a high-tech impenetrable ballistic missile shield for the United States. The speech marks the birth of the Strategic Defense Initiative1 (SDI). It came about when the Soviets then had numerical advantage over the United States in ballistic missiles that are increasingly accurate and powerful....   [tags: Weapons War Cold War American History Essays]

Research Papers
4084 words (11.7 pages)

Essay about Biological Weapons

- Biological weapon which is also termed as germ welfare is the use of pathogens as biological weapon. In this case pathogens include disease causing agents like bacteria, viruses and other disease causing agents. On the other hand when non living toxic products are used though produced by living organism like toxin it is referred to us as chemical warfare. This technology of using chemical warfare is categorized as chemical weapons convention. The following are some of the reason highlighted as the reasons for the use of chemical and biological weapons....   [tags: Terrorism]

Research Papers
583 words (1.7 pages)

weapons: we have on one side the countries that follow all the
international agreements and resolutions about it and are against this
idea of biological weapons; and on the other side the countries that
do not follow these regulations because they think that biological
weapons are useful for them. The arguments for the countries that are
for biological weapons are that biological weapons are very efficient
because they can cause a lot of damage on theirs enemies; it also
affects the psychological strength; moreover they are really easy to
make; and they also defend themselves by saying that sunlight and
ambient temperature destroy certain agents after a short while and
that the use of respiratory masks and clothing would provide an
adequate protection for most people. To that, the countries that are
against biological weapons answer that it is unrealistic to say large
populations will wear those types of clothes for a long period of
time, above all when the weather is warm, and this is a big problem
because large populations cannot be protected against a biological
attack; indeed we cannot know when it is going to happen so we can't
be adequately prepared against it, and even if we identify the
pathogen, we still need to be able to cure it; more than that, it is
very expensive to build a national civil defence system against
biological and chemical weapons, it has been estimated to $ 80
billion.

When scientists do research about the pathogens, it can be very
positive in one way because it can lead to the developments of cures
or vaccines. But on the other side, there is the negative aspect,
because all the new information can also be used to produce more and
more efficient biological agents and weapons.

In his article "The Specter of Biological Weapons", written in 1996
(so five years before the terrorist attack of September 11th 2001),
Leonard A. Cole talks a lot about the fact that biological weapons
were considered as a topic taboo, even if since the 18th century this
image started to disappear. Cole says that there is "a moral
repugnance of these weapons" because it is (or at least it was!)
considered as completely inhuman. Cole uses the example of the use of
gases during wars, especially World War I and World War II. But I
think that now the times have changed and that we cannot consider this
as true anymore because it is now considered as almost "normal"; we
have seen during several terrorist attacks that it is now very common
to use weapons that were considered as immoral. We can also see that
the use of biological weapon cannot protect yourself, I mean that if
you start a biological attack, you can also be touched by it; and we
could think that this danger would prevent some biological attacks
because people would be afraid to put their own lives in danger to
create massive damage on a population. But we can also conclude that
this is an old idea because nowadays terrorists are not afraid to die,
as long as they can achieve their goal of terrorist attack.

Nowadays more and more measures are being taken to avoid and try to
eliminate biological weapons used in biological attacks. For example
the American army - Pentagon - is developing a program to be able to
identify the possible biological weapons used.

But prevention stays the most effective safeguard against biological
warfare and terrorism. I think that it is primordial to be able to
control the commands of pathogens, because I read in the article "The
Specter of Biological Weapons" that "no more than a credit card and a
false letterhead" to get the pathogen, in that case the plague
bacteria.

Personally, I think that biological weapons are very bad and wrong
because I simply do not see the point of it. I really do not
understand why people would want to kill entire innocent populations.
Of course I think that research on pathogens needs to be done to
improve medical cares and find more vaccines, to eradicate more
diseases, but the fact that some people use this medical research to
create biological weapons is horrible.

The problem of biological weapons has always been present but it is
now becoming more and more important because of the progress of
biotechnology, and because it has been proved that terrorists were not
afraid to use this kind of weapons anymore. So I think that the
international agreements against biological warfare have a very
important role to play.

Bibliography:

Cole, Leonard ; "The Specter of Biological Weapons" ; 1996

Dr. R. R. Hulbert ; Washington State University ; 1999
http://www.slic2.wsu.edu:82/hurlbert/micro101/pages/101biologicalweapons.html

Grossman, Zoltan ; http://www.ess.uwe.ac.uk/documents/biowpns.htm
Return to 123HelpMe.com