The Murder of Franz Ferdinand and the Outbreak of a Major European War

The Murder of Franz Ferdinand and the Outbreak of a Major European War

Length: 854 words (2.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
The Murder of Franz Ferdinand and the Outbreak of a Major European War

It's the early 19th century and problems are erupting all over Europe.
France has just finished a war with Prussia in which it was defeated
and tempers are running high. Germany has taken a piece of Eastern
France named Alsace Lorraine and France wants revenge. France has been
very humiliated and is now building up its alliances. The first of
these was the Dual entente; an agreement between France and Russia
signed in 1894. Next the French built an alliance with Britian, this
was named the entente cordiale, and Together France and its allies
formed the Triple Entente. France was secure, in the event of another
war it would be backed up by its allies.

By this time Germany was seen as a huge threat throughout Europe.
Kaiser Wilhelm II has come to the throne of Germany. Germany has only
just become a united country and Kaiser Wilhelm II believes that he
has a lot to prove. Kaiser Willhelm II had been slightly disabled
since birth and his main ambition is to make himself and Germany look
all-powerful. During the years of 1880- 1914 Germany started to build
up its armed forces and Navy. Britian was starting to feel very
threatened, even more so when Germany started trying to occupying
colonies in Africa and Asia. Lots of these colonies were neighbouring
British colonies. Kaiser Willhelm II was hugely Jealous of all
Britains Colonies and once famously said "Germany must have its place
in the sun" and "the world belongs to the strong". This began a huge
amount of Colonial rivalry. France and Britian had agreed that Britian
would be free to control Egypt if Britian helped France to control
Morocco. Kaiser Willhelm II tried to split up the Entente cordiale by
famously making his 'Tangier' Speech. Germany tried to split up France
and Britian and invade Morocco. This didn't work and Germany was
humiliated, Germany wanted revenge because of this.

Like France, Russia had been humiliated by being defeated in war.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The Murder of Franz Ferdinand and the Outbreak of a Major European War." 17 Nov 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Assassination of Franz Ferdinand, the Austrian Archduk Essay

- ... On the other hand, the rise of militarism is seen as one of the most plausible reasons, since it alarmed many European leaders and made them constantly worry about their foes. Yet, it truly does not make sense that, in order to cease the threat of sudden war, the whole continent decides to take part in one of the goriest conflicts in history. Overall, it is clear that a tragic chain of events led to World War I, but none of them could be a credible explanation for bloodshed. Furthermore, the war was not entirely inevitable....   [tags: conflict, human history, world war I]

Research Papers
773 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Causes Of World War One

- Yoni Ahronov Mr. Semach Fall Semester 2014 Causes of World War One The Main Reasons on Why the War Started Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, and Nationalism are amongst the many causes for World War I. In addition, the murder of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife June 28th 1914, . The Archduke next in line to the Austrian Hungarian throne was assassinated in his car during a drive in Serbia. The assassination was the work of a terrorist group known as the Black Hand. At that time in the late 1800’s many countries started to get better weapons and also more effective ways upon killing people in the masses....   [tags: World War I, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria]

Research Papers
738 words (2.1 pages)

What Caused World War One? Essay

- The First World War (WWI) was a global war started in Europe from 1914 until 1918 that killed over 9 million soldiers as according to Van Tol, Ottery & Keith (2012). This huge, bloody war was caused by many different factors, such as colonial rivalries, militarism and the alliance system which centred in Europe. Most importantly, the July Crisis in 1914 – began with the murder of Archduke Franz Ferdinand – was the immediate cause of World War One. Nonetheless, the two major causes were nationalism and imperialism – jingoism and greed for power plus wealth – that directed the countries to war, as will be explained further in this essay....   [tags: alliance, militarism, rivalry, Europe, Ferdinand]

Research Papers
1079 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

- After the following events, all the countries were ready for war, they expected it. Things were brewing from all 6 countries (Britain, Italy, France, Germany, Austria-Hungary and Russia). The two alliances- Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia, formed in 1907) and the Triple Alliance (Austria-Hungary, Italy and Germany, formed in 1882)-just needed a spark to ignite the war. This spark that possibly became the most likely cause of the start of war was the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne....   [tags: assassination, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, war]

Free Essays
705 words (2 pages)

The Assassination Of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Essay

- The Great War, which is also known as World War 1 began in the year 1914, after a series of events erupted in the 20th century. The Great War was global however, the western front was greatly affected. The causes of the Great have been greatly debated and still remain quite controversial. While the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand has played a significant role in the Great War there are several profound factors that contributed to the start of the Great War. In many cases the assassination was more so seen as the spark or the last straw that caused the war....   [tags: World War I, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria]

Research Papers
842 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on The Life of Franz Ferdinand

- Franz Ferdinand was the archduke of Austria-Hungary. On June 28, 1914, Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, were visiting Sarajevo when the two were assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the Serbian terrorist group, the Black Hand. After several failed attempts from members of the Black Hand that day, the members were running out of hope. However, due to a communication problem with the driver of Ferdinand and his wife’s car, they were forced to turn around in an alley that Princip was hidden in....   [tags: world war I, the serbians]

Research Papers
894 words (2.6 pages)

Essay about The Assassination of Franz Ferdinand

- In June 28, 1914, countries still searched for the power that was seen during the age of imperialism, but how can anyone conquer a nation that is already civilized?To that the answer is war. A war that can cause one's boundary lines to increase and bring pride to one's country. War is the answer, but how does one start a war. At the time of the death of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand the world was at the fringe of war. Nations searched for a reason to regain honor and to test their military capability....   [tags: World History ]

Research Papers
1225 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about The Assassination of Franz Ferdinand

- The Assassination of Franz Ferdinand It made it impossible for the major powers to keep out of what should have been a small third Balkan war. This was because Austria, a major super power, had been embarrassed by little Serbia and had to deliver an ultimatum. Germany delivered the blank cheque to Austria, as she had to support ethnically other Germans who lived in Austria. The confidence of the blank cheque meant that Austria had to act and deliver a harsh ultimatum on Austria....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
1216 words (3.5 pages)

The Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand Essay

- The Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand The assassination ================= 'Sunday the 28th of June 1914 was a very bright and extremely hot day in Sarajevo. Sarajevo in Bosnia was preparing for a very rare royal visit. The streets had been specially decked out for the royal visit and colourful Turkish rugs had bean hung out along Apel Quay where the procession was going to take place.' The Austrian-Hungarian empire in central Europe had expanded; it had taken control of Bosnia....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
872 words (2.5 pages)

The Assassination of Franz Ferdinand Essays

- While there is never just a single event that has led to the start of a world war, or any other serious war, there is often one thing that triggers long lived tensions and thus war ensues. Such was the case in WWI with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. There were many tensions that existed prior to his assassination, but it was his assassination which triggered the war, his assassination that served as an excuse, and perhaps the last straw, so to speak, which led to the First World War....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Research Papers
886 words (2.5 pages)

Russia lost against Japan in a disastrous and costly war. Russia was
keen to prove that it was still a huge European Power. Russia was also
keen to gain more influence in the Balkans and desperately didn't want
Austria- Hungary to expand its empire in this area. Russia was a great
ally of Serbia, A country bordering Austria-Hungary. This was probably
because they shared a similar language and religion.

Austria-Hungary and Serbia's friendship has been seriously damaged by
the Bosnia crisis, which took place in 1908. Austria-Hungary annexed
Bosnia, thereby taking Bosnia over. This deeply aggravated Serbia and
of course their close ally Russia.

Austria- Hungary has a huge empire with an aged leader. Franz
Ferdinand the heir was the leaders Nephew. Franz Ferdinand was
assassinated on the 28th of June 1914. He was on a tour around
Sarajevo, the Capital City of Bosnia, Austria-Hungary's new annex.

Franz Ferdinand was killed along with his wife by a group of Serb
nationals called 'The Black Hand'; they were terrorists funded by the
Serbian government. The Black Hand's members included important and
influential people such as army generals and government officials. The
Black Hand recruited a group of men to carry out the assassination.
They were all Bosnians who hated the Austria- Hungary empire and
distrusted it's leaders. The young man who eventually carried out the
assassination was named 'Gavrilo Princip'

Gavrilo Princip was dying of a nasty, untreatable illness called
Tuberculosis. He knew that he was dying and had nothing to lose by
assassinating the ArchDuke. The young men recruited to carry out the
assassination were supplied with guns, bombs and cyanide. They were
then given a map of the Dukes movements and worked out a plan. The men
found out that the Archduke was planning to travel along a long road
by the river in Sarajevo. They decided that they would position
themselves along this road about half a metre apart and kill the
Archduke as he drove past. They would then drink the cyanide given to
them and jump in the river to make sure they died and were not caught.
This plan failed.

When the first hit man saw the Car carrying the Archduke coming he
threw a bomb at it. The hit man forgot that it had a ten second delay.
The bomb didn't kill the archduke. He took the cyanide as planned and
tried to drown himself in the river. This failed, the cyanide was out
of date and the river contained only 6 inches of water. He was dragged
out the river and thrown into jail and interrogated. He said nothing
under pressure. The hit men further up the line were shaken by the
first failure and did nothing. It seemed that the plan had failed.

In the end Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed by his own bad luck. On
his tour around the city his driver took a wrong turn by mistake. This
put the Archduke and his wife in Gavrilo Princeps firing line. Gavrilo
Princep didn't delay he shot the Archdukes wife and then the Archduke
himself. Both died almost instantly.

Austria- Hungary knew that Serbia was responsible for this awful
murder. Austria- Hungary sent Serbia an almost impossible Ultimatum.
Austria- Hungary knew that Serbia wouldn't comply. Austria-Hungary now
wanted war. Austria- Hungary asked Germany if it would support them in
the case of war. Kaiser Willhelm II replied quickly. Kaiser Willhelm
II told Austria-Hungary that they would support them in the case of
war. Kaiser Willhelm II also wanted a war. Germany wanted to show the
world how great the country had become. The war, soon to become world
war one started very soon. First Austria-Hungary declared war on
Serbia. Then the Russian army mobilized. Due to this Germany declared
war on Russia, then later France and Belgium. Because Britian
protected Belgium, Britian declared war on Germany. Then Austria-
Hungary declared war on Russia. Finally on August 12th 1914 France and
Britian declared war on Austria-Hungary.

I think the reason that world war one started so quickly was because
all the country's involved had old scores to settle. Problems had been
getting worse for a long time. The alliances in Europe actually helped
to keep peace rather than destroy it. If it weren't for the alliances
there would have been a major war before 1914. Germany had been
threatening countries in Europe for many years before the war and
Serbia was always going to retaliate over the annexing of Bosnia. The
war was inevitable.
Return to