Islam And Infertility

Islam And Infertility

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Islam And Infertility

In this essay I will be talking about the Islamic attitudes towards
infertility treatments and explain that there are different views on
this subject and why. But because there is nothing in the Qur'an
specifically about these treatments, I will have to do some research
about it and try to get different Islamic views on this subject.
However there some teachings in the Qur'an that can help us to
understand Islamic views on these treatments. I will try to get two
different views on these treatments.

The Qur'an teaches Muslims that all life is sacred, because Allah gave
you a child, or not, and HE can take it from you if HE gave you one.
It also teaches the Muslims that life should not be destroyed, because
Allah has a plan for every thing HE does and when HE gives you a
child, HE has a plan for it. There isn't anything in the Qur'an
specifically about the subject of infertility, but it does give advice
and examples of people who were also infertile. The first and foremost
thing is that in the Qur'an children are seen as a gift of Allah and
as a blessing. On the other hand, infertility is also seen as a gift
and a blessing and a cause of great reward either in this life or in
the after-life. There is no specific teaching in the Qur'an about
infertility treatments because at the time the Qur'an was revealed to
Muhammed (PBUH) and written, medical science and these treatments
didn't exist. If people are childless it's because God wanted it to be
that way. There was nothing that could be done about it and it had to
be accepted. The following sentence came from the Qur'an and shows how
it describes the reasons of Allah giving someone infertility.

"To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. HE
creates what HE wills (and plans). HE bestows (children) male and
female according to HIS will (and plan). Or HE bestows both males and
females, and HE leaves barren whom HE will: for HE is full of

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knowledge and power." (…The Qur'an 42.49-50)

There are different reasons why Muslims may agree with infertility
treatments. AIH (Artificial Insemination by Husband) and IVF (In-Vitro
Fertilization) is a treatment in which the fertilization of the egg
takes place in a laboratory. A couple can try this when natural means
have failed. These two methods are generally allowed to Muslims as
long as absolute security is maintained.

There are different reasons why some Muslims may disagree with
infertility treatments. One of these includes AID-(Artificial
Insemination by Donor) If a husband is sterile, another man's sperm
from a donor bank is used to fertilize the wife's egg. This is not
allowed to Muslims, because it involves another man and is therefore
seen as similar to the sin of adultery. Also, Muslims are worried
about the characteristics or diseases that may be inherited from an
unknown donor.

Surrogacy is another process which might be disagreed upon by some
Muslims. This is a form of parenting which happens when a woman is
paid to carry and give birth to a child on behalf of a woman unable to
become pregnant herself. The husband's sperm will be used to fertilize
the egg of the wife or, if necessary, the egg of the other woman. It
is then transferred to the surrogate mother who agrees to hand over
the child to the parents when it is born. Some Muslims accept this
practice, although only if the man were married to both women. Others
are against it, because, it tampers with the normal processes of
nature, it encourages women to use their bodies for commercial gain
and it creates confusion as to who is the real mother and may lead to
wrangling.

In Islam, family life is governed by laws taken directly from the
Qur'an and the Sunnah … hence there are areas and topics where changes
in those laws cannot even be contemplated … No Muslim man is allowed
to donate sperm to a woman who is not his legal wife and no woman is
allowed to donate an egg to another woman. No child can be called
after a person unless the sperm is that of the person to whom he
belongs and he has been borne (and born) by the woman who is the legal
wife of the man concerned … If a married woman conceives using sperm
from a third party because her husband is infertile, this is adultery
… If a woman carries an embryo fertilized with the sperm and egg of
another couple, the child legally belongs to the 'surrogate mother'.
(Statement from the Islamic Shari'ah Council of Britainpublished in
'What does Islam say, Ibrahim Hewitt')

If the semen of a man is placed in an artificial womb … the action is
permissible and … all orders applicable to a father and child will be
applicable to them … Making the semen of a husband reach the womb of
his wife artificially is permissible and the child thus born is like
all other children. (Articles of Islamic Acts, Imam Al-Khoei.)

So basically, there are opinions on this subject that differ but in
the end they all agree on the same thing: In Islam AIH (Artificial
Insemination by Husband) and IVF (In-Vitro Fertilization) are allowed
by the Islamic Shari'ah, because of the fact that both processes
involve the sperm and the egg of the legal parents and is carried and
born by the legal mother. But AID (Artificial Insemination by Donor)
and Surrogacy are not allowed of the Shari'ah, because they involve
the use of a third party which is considered as adultery. I believe
that this is correct because I was raised to believe this and it makes
sense to me why it's allowed or disallowed.
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