Why British Government Decided to Evacuate Children at the Beginning of World War Two

Why British Government Decided to Evacuate Children at the Beginning of World War Two

Length: 677 words (1.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Why British Government Decided to Evacuate Children at the Beginning of World War Two

In Spain, 1937 the German air force obliterated the whole city of
Gernica in less than 4 hours "The Condor Legion attacked in daylight
and flew as low as 600 feet as it had no reason to fear any form of
defence from the city"[1]. It was attacked because it was a key city
in the Spanish civil war. Hitler let his air force be used so he could
try it out, to see what destruction could do. Over 1500 people were
killed and almost three quarters of the city was destroyed. This
scared the government as it showed what would happen to Britain the
impending war with Germany. They were scared because of the huge death
toll and knew that it wouldn't be easy to avoid. The reason that that
was possible was that there had been a huge leap in development in
plane technology since ww1 from only being able to go 60 miles an hour
to over 200 miles per hour in 1939 for fighter planes and over 100
miles per hour for bombers. This also meant that the range was be
bigger so they could get all the way to major British cities.

The government decided to launch operation "pied piper" in which the
whole country was split into 3 different areas there was "reception"
areas where evacuees were sent. These places were mostly safe and were
normally in rural areas away from big cities or major army bases for
example Holsworthy. There were the "neutral" areas where no one went
in or out because it was not an obvious target that made it fairly
safe for example Credition. Lastly there were the "evacuation" areas
that were a high risk, obvious target like a city, port or military
base, where the evacuees came from for example Plymouth where 4,000
people died. This is what sir john Anderson had planned in 1938 when
it was obvious that there was going to be a war against Germany.
Evacuation didn't just happen in main land Britain some evacuees were

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Why British Government Decided to Evacuate Children at the Beginning of World War Two." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Feb 2020
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=117573>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Welfare Provided For British People at the Beginning of World War Two

- The Welfare Provided For British People at the Beginning of World War Two 1. The welfare at the beginning of world war two covers many areas such as health insurance, unemployment insurance, pensions and childcare. The first subject I'm going to discuss is health insurance. Health care or health insurance started early on in the century. In 1907 a school medical service was provided which tested children's health and recommended treatment when needed. In 1912 this was improved and children could now be treated for free in their school clinics....   [tags: WWII World War 2 Essays]

Free Essays
449 words (1.3 pages)

Why British Government Decided to Evacuate Children at the Beginning of World War Two

- Why British Government Decided to Evacuate Children at the Beginning of World War Two In Spain, 1937 the German air force obliterated the whole city of Gernica in less than 4 hours "The Condor Legion attacked in daylight and flew as low as 600 feet as it had no reason to fear any form of defence from the city"[1]. It was attacked because it was a key city in the Spanish civil war. Hitler let his air force be used so he could try it out, to see what destruction could do. Over 1500 people were killed and almost three quarters of the city was destroyed....   [tags: WWII World War 2 Essays]

Free Essays
677 words (1.9 pages)

Essay The Beginning of the Revolutionary War

- The beginning of the Revolutionary war was dominated by the British offensive that secured victories in Lexington and Concord, Bunker Hill, and Long Island, causing a sense of urgency and a need for nationalism among Colonials. Throughout the colonies Tories or Loyalists chose to remain loyal to Britain while Patriots chose to revolt against “taxation without representation,” and more generally the overpowered British government. Connecticut, a provisional powerhouse that supplied much of the continental cause with supplies such as clothes and foodstuffs, proved to be predominately Anti-Tory as it passed laws that prevented Tories from holding any sort of public office....   [tags: british offensive, nationalism]

Research Papers
1381 words (3.9 pages)

The Collapse Of British Imperial Power Essay examples

- The British Empire was the most diverse and expansive empire that the world has ever seen. During the height of British Imperialism it was often remarked that ‘the sun never sets on the British Empire’. This quip was, in fact, true. At the zenith of its power, the British Empire ruled more than twenty-five percent of the Earth’s land area and held more than 450,000,000 people in subjection. However, the rise of nationalism and the economic woes wrought by the second World War began the dissolution of the great empire....   [tags: British Empire, United Kingdom, World War II]

Research Papers
1175 words (3.4 pages)

The Immigration of British War Brides Essay

- In the middle to late 1940s, Canada received a great influx of British immigrants. Numbering 48,000, these young women were brides who had wed the nation’s servicemen. Although they came unprepared for the land that would become their new home and faced huge culture shock upon disembarking, Canada’s spirited war brides inevitably transformed the culture that surrounded them. Now, around sixty-five years later, one in thirty Canadians can count a war bride in their family tree (Jarratt, 2009). Through determination to stay in Canada despite huge culture shock, sheer hard work, and despite their hasty marriages, the British war brides of the Second World War have, and are continuing though new...   [tags: World War II, Canada]

Research Papers
1844 words (5.3 pages)

The British Isles Essay

- As ages and centuries elapse, mortals faded and embodied the new reincarnation. The love to the world, however, develop immortally. It grows "vaster than empires", it eternizes its "rare virtue", and it remains vivid "as long as men can breathe or eyes can see"(). Through two thousand years of civilization history the British isles, bright or dark, peace or war, flourishing or troublous; the nation bloomed the unique floral that represents the thoughts of people in England. The unique love towards the nation, the humanity, and God has became the Muse of the British authors....   [tags: Beowulf, Anglo-Saxons, British Isles, Saxons]

Research Papers
2418 words (6.9 pages)

India And The British Empire Essay

- India and the British Empire: The Representation of a Bilateral Relationship Through Art (1600-1947) Britain and India 's relationship started in 1600 when the East India Company was founded owing to a royal charter granted by Elizabeth I. The Company established several trading bases throughout India in the cities of Bengal, Madras, Bombay and Calcutta and therefore developped trade between the two countries, importing products from India such as spices, textile and later tea. In 1787, the Battle of Plassey which was a turning point in the Seven Years War between France and Britain marked the beginning of the the East India Company 's rule over Bengal and litle by little most of India....   [tags: British Empire, Mughal Empire, Mumbai]

Research Papers
1871 words (5.3 pages)

Political Influence Of The British Empire Essay

- Throughout all of history, the British Empire has been an integral part to almost every country, whether they were invaded or aided by the British. After the American Revolution, people of other countries realized that their independence was achievable causing a rift in power. The British Empire began its decline from a once great empire and superpower to a smaller country with the need to look to foreign country allies. In the early 1900’s, many British citizens were divided with their ideals. Some believed it was time to adopt the ideal of isolationism and become self-reliant, while others believed England should rely on foreign aid....   [tags: United Kingdom, British Empire, Winston Churchill]

Research Papers
1314 words (3.8 pages)

Evolution of British Policy in the Colonies: 1750 to 1776 Essay

- Evolution of British Policy in the Colonies: 1750 to 1776 The relations between England and the British North American colonies could always be considered precarious. Prior to 1750 British essentially followed a policy of benign neglect and political autonomy in the American colonies. (Davidson p.97) The colonies were for the most part content with benign neglect policy, relishing in a “greater equality and representative government”(Davidson p.95) within the colonies. Competition among European Imperial nations began to effect British policy toward North America colonies causing rapid shifts from 1750 to 1776....   [tags: American History, British North America]

Research Papers
1413 words (4 pages)

The Consequences of the First World War for British People Essay

- The Consequences of the First World War for British People Britain changed significantly between 1900 and 1918, there are many potential reasons for this however World War One is seen as the biggest. The whole world order changed as the old empires of Russia, Austria - Hungary and the Ottoman Empire collapsed, Germany was recreated as the Weimar Republic and France and Britain were significantly weakened. The USA became the most powerful country in fields such as the industrial economy and trade....   [tags: History War WWI UK Britain]

Free Essays
1973 words (5.6 pages)

sent abroad to places like Canada, the U.S.A. and all the way to
Australia. People were even evacuated to mainland Britain from the
Channel Islands because it was the only target which the Germans
wouldn't have that much of a fight to capture as there was only 1 army
regiment on the islands at the time

There were three waves of evacuation. The first of these was in
September 1939 at the start of the war when Poland was invaded. Most
of these people from this evacuation came back to there homes by the
summer of 1940 this time is called the phoney war as Germany did
nothing to Britain during this time. But this is when Dunkirk happened
and the second wave of evacuation began. A lot of the kids from this
wave of evacuation were back at their houses around spring 1943 and in
this time there was the battle of Britain and the blitz. There was
another wave of evacuation in 1944 when the v1 and v2 rockets were
launched at the south east of Britain but only the south east was
evacuated as the rockets couldn't go any further. Basically whenever
there was a serious threat of attack there was an evacuation of people
from targets.

The reason that they did this was very complicated. One of the reasons
was that it was easier to have the children out of the way of the
people trying to sort out the rubble, not only would there be more
people to find there would be kids playing on the rubble injuring
themselves. This would also cost the government more in the hospital
bills of the injured children it would also cost more to try and stop
them getting injured so in comparison to other options the evacuation
was a cheaper option. There is also the opinion that with the parents
knowing that their children are safe the parents would work harder at
the front line or in the factories because they wouldn't spend all day
wondering whether or not little Timmy was all right so can put all
their effort into working for the government.

The government had to keep morale up so they had to be seen to be
doing something. It was all part of the government propaganda where
they had to be seen to be doing things for the cause. They had put
antitank devises on the railways so that if Germany got in to England
they couldn't just stream up the railway and capture London. This way
it made the people feel safer and made them think that they could
avoid the Germans capturing any of main land Britain. They didn't want
England to fall to the Germans like the Channel Islands did which was
the only part of the British Isles captured by the Germans.

So in conclusion the British government evacuated children from major
cities during world war II because the planes had been improved and
were capable of doing huge damage to cities as show in Gernica and if
children had been in danger areas not only would there parents be
worried about them so there for not concentrating on working for the
government but in the incoming blitz second generation of British
people would have been lost after nearly all the 17-25 year olds were
lost in world war I


---------------------------------------------------------------------

[1] http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/guernica.htm
Return to 123HelpMe.com