Population Density and Distribution

Population Density and Distribution

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Population Density and Distribution

A Dot Distribution map is able to show the population density of very
small areas. They don't show the country as a whole, but show the
little regions where people are concentrated. So it is very hard to
compare countries to each other. In the other hand, the Population
Density maps are maps with countries that are shaded according to
their population density as a whole. So, we can compare countries, but
can't see the small regions in the country, that have a denser
population than the other regions.

Bangladesh, India, Japan, France, Holland and Belgium are densely
populated.

Canada, Australia, Russia, Mongolia, Saudi Arabia and Bolivia are
sparsely populated.

People want to live in the best conditions possible, even though they
can't always manage to live in these conditions. These conditions are:

Climate, which allows people to make agriculture. The best climate for
agriculture is temperate climate, with no extremes of temperature or
precipitation. If there are extremes, no crops can be grown and people
won't be able to continue their lives. So areas with temperate
climates have a denser population than extreme climates. A second
effect of climate on people is that people are not able to live in
extreme climates, especially cold temperatures.

Topography, which divides into three parts; altitude, slope and
aspect. Altitude is the height above sea level. This effects both the
temperature and the amount of oxygen in the air. Temperature drops by
6ºC at every 1000 meters up; as well as the amount of oxygen. So
usually, the higher the altitude, the more sparse the population, with
few exceptions. Slope is the incline of the land. It effects
agriculture and transportation. If the land is horizontal, all kinds
of agriculture may be done and transportation is easy. But as the
slope gets steeper, limited agriculture may be done and transportation
is harder. If it is very steep, neither agriculture nor transportation
is available. So, the steeper the slope, the more sparse the
population.

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Aspect is the way, which the slope faces. If it faces the
sun, and gets more sunlight than a slope facing away from the sun, the
air is hotter. This direction is south in the Northern Hemisphere, and
north in the Southern Hemisphere. So, if the slope faces the sun, the
population is denser.

Accessibility is the ability of communication and transportation.
Transportation is the key to trade, and every country on Earth needs
trade. People want to live in places with wealth, and trade creates
wealth. They also want to easily move in and out of the area they live
in. So, the better the transportation, the denser the population.
Communications are another factor. Communications are the connections
to the outer world. This allows other people to know what is going on
in the area, and bring help if needed. Communications are hard to
obtain in deserts or rocky places. So, the easier the communications,
the denser the population.

Resources are the minerals, food or even water found in the area. Food
and water are vital for life, so people tend to live in places with
more food and water, than dry and infertile areas. Minerals are
important for the trade, and as a result, for the economy. This
attracts more people also. So the richer the resources, the denser the
population. But this is not always the same. Some countries with rich
resources have much less sparse populations than some with few
resources. For example Russia, with rich resources and Japan, with few
resources.

Economic and Political Factors are about the life standards and safety
of people. People want employment, wealth and social security, so they
usually move from poorer countries to richer countries. Also, the
money for new investments and the development of tourism attracts more
people and raises the density of the population. So, the richer the
country, the denser the population. Of course, there are exceptions to
this too, caused by other factors effecting the birth rate. Some
examples are Canada, as a rich country and Bangladesh, as a poorer
country.
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