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Life After Death
In Ancient Egypt, all Egyptians believed in the afterlife. They spent
most of their lives preparing for the afterlife. The Pharaohs built
tombs so when they die, they can store their body and all of their
treasures. The majority of the tombs were filled with models,
drawings, sculptures and paintings. Egyptians carved his or her name
in the tomb to protect the dead in the afterlife.
Egyptians believed that they have to be judged by Osiris, the god of
the underworld. The dead sums up his or her life, during the ritual
identified as the weighing of the heart. If the Osiris thinks the
person has led a good life, he would let them go to the afterlife. The
priest reads a book called "Book of the Dead". The book is full of
spells and rituals to make sure that the deceased person passed the
test to go the afterlife.
The Process of Mummification
The whole process of mummification takes about 70 days to finish.
There are five steps to mummify a person. To complete the task several
embalmers work together. Embalmers are people who treat preservatives
in order to prevent decay. The head embalmer wears a jackal mask. He
represents Anubis, the god of mummification.
Before they can do anything, the embalmers have to remove every organ
inside the person's body except the heart. They left the heart in the
body because they believed that the heart was full of intelligence and
emotion. Once the organs were removed from the body, the embalmers
also mummified it and put in the jars. They placed the jars beside the
tomb at the time of the burial. To the Egyptians, they believed that
the brain was useless. They removed the brain by scooping it out
through the nose with a wire. Finally, they used sweet, oil-scented
linen to clean out the mouth.
Once the inside of the body was clean and emptied, they packed and
covered the body with natron.
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left the body like that to dry. Between 40 -50 days, all the liquid in
the person's body would have been absorbed. The only thing left in and
on the body would be the hair, skin and bones.
The hallow space in the body was then filled with resin, sawdust or
linen. They stuffed the body so the body would remain the same shape
as it was before. The embalmers put onions or painted white rocks in
the eye socket, and beeswax in the nostrils. Inside the body where the
organs used to be, they filled it up with spices and herbs. Once they
body was all filled up, the embalmers finally closed it.
Finally, the body was wrapped securely with many layers of linen. In
between each layer, the embalmers placed jewellery and amulets. Over
the heart, the embalmers placed a scarab beetle. At each layer of
wrapping, a priest chanted spells and prayers.
Once the embalmers finished wrapping the dead Egyptian, they placed
the person into a burial sheet called a Shroud. Then they finally
placed it in a coffin made out of stone called a sarcophagus.