Acid Rain

Acid Rain

Length: 757 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Acid Rain

"I am For the reduction of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide emission
by 80%by the year 2010.We need to take drastic action because the
effects on us all are very serious. We must protect ourselves and
safeguard our future"

Acid rain, it is dangerous and destructive. The main culprits for
producing acid rain are the very industrialized countries; the UK and
U.S.A are the two main countries that cause acid rain. These two
countries have many coal mines, working factories, power stations and
oil refineries all these places produce huge amounts of sulphur
dioxide. Also common to both of these countries is the use of motor
vehicles these produce over 50% of the nitrogen oxide in the air. When
the two gases sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide combine with water
droplets in the clouds the make the rainwater very acidic. Natural
rain and snow is slightly acidic with a Ph 5.6, because of the carbon
dioxide dissolved in it. But over recent decades, rain in North
America and Europe areas has had a pH close to 4.5 and sometimes as
low as 2.1 this is equivalent to lemon juice. These gases can travel
thousands of kilometres in the atmosphere, where they mix with water
vapour to form a mild solution of sulphuric and nitric acid. Rain,
snow, hail, fog and other precipitation wash this combination down to
earth as acid rain.

The diagram below shows the causes of the problem in the UK and the
effects when it reaches Sweden.

Acid Rain - UK and Sweden

Sweden's forests are being destroyed by acid rain. Due to acid rain
many trees in the forests have lost their needles and this affects the
forest growth. Researchers are convinced that large areas of forest
are close to their biological tolerances. The soil has used up its
resources to neutralise the acid rain. In Sweden, nearly 10,000 lakes
now have such high mercury concentrations that people are advised not
to eat fish caught in them. As the water become more acidic, it can

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Acid Rain." 22 Jul 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Effect Of Acid Rain On The Environment

- Rain occurs nature as part of the water cycle, but sometimes rain can do more harm than good. Acid rain can causes damage to plants, animals, and even structures. Acid rain occurs naturally without human interference, but since humans started to make objects that contribute to the creation of acid rain, it happens more frequently than if humans would not be involved. People not only raised the amount of acid rain that falls, they can also be the ones to bring the amount back down to reasonable levels....   [tags: Acid rain, Water, Oxygen, Sulfur dioxide]

Research Papers
1660 words (4.7 pages)

Acid Rain And Its Effects On The Environment Essay

- What is Acid Rain. Acid Rain is rainfalls made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that causes environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes. The main cause is industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels, the waste gases from which contain sulfur and nitrogen oxides, which combine with the atmosphere water to form acid. That basically explained how acid rain is create and what it is. Acid rain basically is form from pollution being polluted to the atmosphere and combine with other little particles containing lots of mixed chemicals in the air which is being absorbed by the clouds, than being marinated together and when it rain that is what’s coming from the clouds not p...   [tags: Oxygen, Water, Rain, Acid rain]

Research Papers
937 words (2.7 pages)

Acid Rain And The Clean Air Act Essay

- Acid Rain and the clean air act are all still big issues in Virginia. While the Clean Air Act was started long ago in 1963 it is still going strong today and has been amended since. The study on acid rain and trout began years ago as well in the 1970’s. Jim Galloway who teaches environmental studies at UVA started a research group to study the Shenandoah Watersheds. In doing this they studied how the water in these water sheds were sulfuric and how rains became acidic rains. In 1979 the amounts of sulfuric acid began to die down because of the Clean Air Act....   [tags: Air pollution, Pollution, Acid rain]

Research Papers
914 words (2.6 pages)

The Effect Of Acid Rain On Human Health Essay example

- Sulfates and nitrates that form in the atmosphere from sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides emissions contribute to visibility impairment, meaning we cannot see as far or as clearly through the air. Sulfate particles account for 50 to 70 percent of the visibility reduction in the eastern part of the U.S. Acid rain looks, feels, and tastes just like clean rain. The harm to people from acid rain is not direct. Walking in acid rain, or even swimming in an acid lake, is no more dangerous than walking or swimming in clean water....   [tags: Carbon dioxide, Fossil fuel, Acid, Acid rain]

Research Papers
1096 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on The Effects of Acid Rain on Statues

- The Effects of Acid Rain on Statues Introduction ------------ During this investigation, I will use dilute hydrochloric acid as the acid rain and crushed calcium carbonate as the chemical of the statues. Then I will time how long it takes for the limestone powder to react until there is no more left when the acid is added to it. Rain contains acid naturally as it collects carbon dioxide from the air and makes carbonic acid. Rain normally has a pH of about 5.5 – it is slightly acidic due to the carbon dioxide dissolved in it....   [tags: Acid Rain Chemical Reactions Essays]

Free Essays
2232 words (6.4 pages)

Essay about Acid Rain

- Acid Rain Acid rain has become an environmental concern of global importance within the last decade. With the increasing environmental awareness of the "unhealthy" condition of our planet earth the concern about acid rain has not lessened. In brief, acid rain is rain with pH values of less than 5.6. When dealing with acid rain one must study and understand the process of making Sulfuric acid. In this project we will take an in depth look into the production of sulfuric acid, some of its uses and the effects of it as a pollutant in our environment....   [tags: Acid Rain Environmental Nature Essays]

Free Essays
3205 words (9.2 pages)

Acid Rain and its Impact Essay

- Rain is a major component of the water cycle as it is held responsible for depositing most of the fresh water on Earth. (EPA USA, 2014) It not only provides suitable conditions for various ecosystems, but also provides water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation. (Andrei, 2012) However, since the start of industrialization in the 18th century, humans have been abusing such important features of life and created acid deposition. (The Ledger, 2014) The pH scale is composed of values starting from zero, the most acidic, to 14.0, the most alkaline....   [tags: Rain, Water, Chemistry]

Research Papers
867 words (2.5 pages)

Acid Rain Essay

- INTRODUCTION: The dictionary definition of acid rain is “’rainfall made so acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm, chiefly to forests and lakes. The main cause is the industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels, the waste gases from which contain sulphur and nitrogen oxides which combine with atmospheric water to form acids.” In Northern Europe and North America millions of trees have died because of the causes of acid rain. Some lakes contain so much acid that all the fish have died and the birds that relied on this fish for food have left....   [tags: pollution, environmental issues]

Research Papers
968 words (2.8 pages)

Acid Rain Essay

- INTRODUCTION The term acid rain refers to the process of deposition or precipitation of hydrogen ions with a pH value below 5.0, in the atmosphere. These acidic substances are produced by the pollutants on the earth that are airborne. These acidic precipitates will pour down as water droplets along with normal rain water whose pH lie between 5.0 and 5.6 creating hazardous effects on the living organisms of earth. HISTORY The cause of acid rain is mainly due to industrial pollutants. Acid rain was first reported during the Industrial Revolution in England in 1852.A Scottish chemist by name Robert Angus Smith discovered the same....   [tags: Environmental Science]

Research Papers
1998 words (5.7 pages)

Acid Rain Essay

- The Effects of Acid Rain on Lakes and Trees Acid rain has long been argued by society’s most formidable minds. It indirectly destroys ecosystems that surround forests and lakes (Taylor, 26). People need to make decisions dealing with the destruction of nature and the role acid rain plays in it. Acid rain destroys millions of forests and lakes (Taylor, 26 ). Studies show that acid rain is one of the largest contributing factors in the death of forests and lakes. Acid rain indirectly kills millions of acres of forestland each decade....   [tags: Free Essay Writer]

Free Essays
611 words (1.7 pages)

also react with lead and copper water pipes, contaminating drinking
water supplies. In Sweden, the drinking water reached a stage where it
contained enough copper to turn your hair green. That much copper can
also cause diarrhoea in young children, and can damage livers and
kidneys. Almost all kinds of buildings take damage of acid rain. They
corrode down by sulphur and nitre acids. Even rubber, plastic and
metals react against acid rain, for example iron, rust and copper
become green.

People living near the lakes and forest gave us their opinions:-

"We live opposite the lake and over the years I have noticed huge
amounts of changes. There are now hardly any fisherman but I remember
a time when the lake was full of the hustle and bustle of the
fisherman, there are fewer insects and when you look out onto the lake
you see it is clear all the fish are slowly vanishing, this once
beautiful lake has turned into something totally opposite"

"I grew up in a small village right next to one of Sweden's most
beautiful forest's, but over the years things in the forest have had a
major change the forest is no more alive and vibrant it is now limp
and slowly dieing there is still time to save the forest but drastic
action needs to be taken to stop acid rain!"

"I am a fisherman in Sweden, and I am struggling to make any income
even after a full hard days work, the lakes are not what they used to
be there are no more fish to catch an if there are the fish are
dangerous to humans, this is causing me many problems as I make no
income I cannot support ma family or even my self. Something has to be
done as I am not the only person suffering!"

These are views and opinions of the people living in Sweden these
actions are affecting their lives. Something needs to be done.

The only way to stop it is to stop releasing so much sulphur dioxide
and nitrogen oxides into the air.

In Sweden, over 18,000 lakes have become so acidic due to acid rain
that all the fish have died. Some success has been achieved by dumping
vast quantities of rocks like limestone into the lakes, because these
rocks destroy the acid, but for most of the lakes it will be many
years after we stop producing acid rain before the water returns to

Using fossil fuels such as coal to produce electricity is very cheap
for the factories, In the United States; sulphur in coal makes up the
greatest part of the sulphur dioxide that becomes acid rain. When coal
is burned to make electricity or heat, the sulphur goes up the
smokestacks and into the atmosphere to become air pollution. There are
several ways to reduce the amount of sulphur entering the air. One way
is to wash the sulphur out of the coal before it is burned. Another is
to wash the sulphur out of the smoke before it goes up to the
smokestacks. Scrubbers remove sulphur from the smoke by spraying a
mixture of water and powdered limestone into the smokestack. The
mixture traps the sulphur before it can escape into the air above.

There are other sources for energy other then using fossil fuels
though they are not as cheap. Include hydroelectric power and nuclear
power. Dams use the power of water to turn turbines and make
electricity. People have been using this form of energy for most of
this century. Nuclear power plants make electricity from the energy
released by splitting atoms. A small amount of nuclear fuel can make a
very large amount of electricity.

In order to stop acid rain, power plants should reduce nitrogen oxide
waste products. All cars should run on unleaded gas. But for acid rain
to be abolished, everyone must work together to care for the
environment. So that future generations can see the beauty of the
fish, birds, and environment.
Return to