Evacuation of Children in World War I

Evacuation of Children in World War I

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Evacuation of Children in World War I

There are many reasons why children in the First World War were
evacuated. One of the main reasons was the fear of bomb and gas
attacks. This was a big problem because the advancement in technology
since the First World War the government knew and expected that cities
would be bombed, and thought that gas would be used.

Early on it was made clear that an invasion was imminent and that when
the war started there would be devastating air raids. there was
however a new fear the fear of gas from the air. So early posters
showed women and children against a backdrop of devastation. It was
feared that there would be many casualties and lots of them would be
children. After Dunkirk in 1940 Britain was close to invasion. So
pressure was put on parents to send the children to the safety of the
countryside.

The government knew that if they called off the evacuation and let the
children stay in the cities when the air raids started there would be
lots of deaths because of collapsing buildings. also the damaged
buildings would not be safe. Because children would play on them and
this could cause more deaths. This will also make lots of panic around
the cities and people will not know what to do. So if the parents sent
their kids away they would not have to worry about them. Because they
would know that they would be far away from the air raids and not in
any danger at all. So there would not be as much panic.

Mothers didn't want their kids to go away. They said surely if a war
came it would be better for families to stick together and not go
breaking up their homes. But the government new that if they let the
children stay in the city's with their mothers then they couldn't
release mothers for war work. Which would mean there would not be
enough workers to help the war.

Also if there was lots of damage to city's and there was lots of

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deaths especially child deaths the morale would turn very low. And if
the soldiers found out about it the morale would reflect on them to.

In the first few weeks of the start of the war nearly two million
children were evacuated. The government wanted to give the public the
impression that evacuation was popular among those affected and put
out propaganda pictures and film to this effect. However, many mothers
were very unsure as to the usefulness of evacuation. Many children
were evacuated but not with huge enthusiasm and when it became
apparent that war was not going to lead to cities being bombed many
children returned to the cities from which they had only recently
left. People told the government that if there is no bombs or air
raids then why is they any need for sending the children to the
countryside. But the government knew that the bombing would start soon
so if they let the children come back and stay in the city's then
there was a high-risk chance that children would be court up in the
bombing. And a lot of would children would die. There was a big fear
that if the country were to lose a lot of children then they would
lose a full generation. So the government wanted to secure the future
generations.

These are the reasons why the government introduced the evaluation of children in world war two.
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