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An electron microscope has many uses today, mainly to do with
scientific study. The electron microscope has been developed to look
at the tiniest structures, arrangements and components; it can magnify
an object two million times.
It works by using electrons instead of light. The electrons can fit
through smaller gaps in specimens creating a clearer magnified image.
There are two types of electron microscope, a scanning electron
microscope and a transmission electron microscope. A SEM creates a
magnified image of the surface of an object, and a TEM produces a
magnified image of a specimen.
Within the science of living organisms come the studies of
bacteriology, cytology, histology and genetics to name a few. All of
these use an electron microscope to further its research into its
A general study that uses an electron microscope is microbiology, and
the findings from this goes on help medicine with applications in
biotechnology helping to produce antibiotics, vitamins, metals, and
Bacteriology, the study of bacteria, uses an electron microscope to
visualise viruses and then tries to determine what causes disease.
Samples of skin can be taken from people and studied with an electron
microscope, known as biopsies, to find diseases such as cancer. And as
the electron microscope has improved, so has the health of the world's
population with diseases being diagnosed faster and more medicines and
cures being made. Immunology and virology are other sciences linked
Cytology, study of cells and their components uses the electron
microscope to see entire structures or systems. Great developments, in
this field, have been made due to the electron microscope. Morphology
is similar to this study also.
Another science, genetics, has made great leaps and bounds in its
findings thanks to the electron microscope. Diseases can now be seen
if they derive from the genes of a person, and also the structure and
arrangement of chromosomes and DNA can be seen in clear detail.
Histology is the microscopic study of animal and plant cells, helping
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it and how they live and eventually, die.
The study of plants, botany, has been aided with the electron
microscope by botanists being able to find out more about ecology and
therefore helping improve agriculture and horticulture.
Along with the above, the electron microscope is used in the study of
many elements, for example crystallography, metallography and
The study of crystals looks at the actual arrangements of atoms in
crystals, which in turn looks at the arrangement of atoms and
molecules in many more substances and elements.
Metallography looks at the crystalline structure of metals and their
alloys. This links to metallurgy, the science and art of adapting and
processing metals to satisfy human demand. With the electron
microscope, it can see defects caused and therefore repair and restore
them to be the best for human consumption.