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Congress as a whole makes laws. When Bills are addressed they must
meet the approval of both the House and the Senate in order to become
a Law, and then the President can always veto it. Congress also deals
with matters of public concern be it something that needs to be
investigated or something that needs to be put before the public to
Congress is made up of two parts: The Senate and the House of
Representatives. Each is granted different powers and
responsibilities. The Senate has the power to approve treaties
proposed by the president as well as confirming the president's choice
for judges, cabinet members and other officials.(Burns, 308) It also
has the power to perform hearings, after the House has voted to
impeach a president or federal judge.
The House of Representatives has the authority to propose taxes, but
the Senate must approve the bill first. In the House of
Representative, the Speaker has a lot more say in how things are run
than Senate leaders, who have to rely on persuasion to manage
business.(Burns, 306) The House members form committees and
subcommittees to debate issues.
"Congress tends to have more power in domestic than foreign affairs."
(Sell Lecture Notes, p.6) Congress shares responsibility with the
president in declaring war, negotiating treaties with other countries
and proving funds for soldiers and weapons. This is when conflicts
come to head. The Vietnam War is a perfect example of this conflict,
when the President waged war without a formal declaration of war from
Congress. Because of this Congress then passed the War Powers Act in
1973. (Sell Lecture Notes, p.2)
The Presidency has many responsibilities and powers. This position
requires the management of the Country by implementing the laws,
nominations of officials, grant pardons, serve as Commander-in-Chief
of the military, veto lows passed by Congress, and negotiate treaties.
The President is also responsible proposing yearly budgets and helping
boost economic development.
The many divided tasks between Congress and the Presidency has made it
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is what the framers of the Constitution was relying on when they
divided the powers and responsibilities so that checks and balances
were put in place for all three branches of the government. (Burns,
329) Examples of issues in conflict are decisions on how health
insurance should be reformed and Social Security policies.
Burns, James. Government by the People. New Jersey: Prentice Hall,
Young, William D.. Source Readingsfor American Government. Orlando:
Harcourt Brace & Company, 1999.
Sell, T.M. Lecture Notes. Congress and The Presidency.