Cloned Instincts

Cloned Instincts

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Matt Ridley argues in his essay, "Genome" written in 1999, that there exists a genetic basis for language acquisition. The essay, "A Clone Is Born," written by Gina Kolata, presents numerous view points on the issues of human cloning. Although both essays maintain significant and valid concerns about the use of genes, they conclude on two distinct concepts.

Kolata presents views of many experts without positioning herself in either side. She explains that the ability to clone living beings has staggering consequences. Cloning brings out questions about whether we are our genes or what makes us us. It also makes us question our ethics and beliefs. People fear the destruction of individuality and oppose the idea of playing God. Cloning is thought to be a violation of a human dignity. Through cloning, which poses danger of self-idolization and morality, the concept of self-surrender is lost. Although dignity does not have a clear definition in Kolata's essay, it still holds a foremost view on people.

A Lutheran theologian, Gilbert Meilaender, states that cloning would be "a new and decisive turn on this road." This idea explains that cloning results in the production, rather than the creation of a child. A child is known to be as a product of human will. Today, people have the freedom of using infertility and want children that can resemble to them. Yet, people are terrified of seeing their genetic replicas born again. Parents do want to create perfects kids but from this idea rises many questions such as how far will parents go? Kolata states in her essay that since people believe in individuality it would be unethical to create a clone without any uniqueness. Another factor of reproduction is the survival of the species. If cloning was to be introduced to society as an option, extinction of species would be solved.

Kolata represents in her essay the positive possibilities of cloning. She states that cloning can create animals whose organs are perfect genetic matches for humans. Creating animals with cells that are coated with human proteins could be used for transplantation. These organs with human protein can save millions of lives. Cloning can also be used to make animals that are living drug factories. Scientists could insert genes into cells that would force the cells to make valuable drugs, such as clotting. Zoologists can be able to clone animals that are on the verge of extinction.

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Many species can and will be saved. Scientists or doctors can use cloning to program genes to fix the defects and become healthy embryos. Scientists finally will be able to cure many diseases that have and could wipe out humans or other species.

In Kolata's essay, she quotes Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment, "Man gets used to everything-the beast." This quote illustrates the understanding and misuse information of humans. Kolata presents this quote to prove that although humans can get used to anything and be comfortable, it will still be a matter of time before it is used against for the good. Kolata makes the write aware of the consequences and fears that can affect people's lives.

In the essay Genome, Ridley opposes the idea that human behavior is determined by environmental factors; with it, implying a connection between genetics and instincts. He states in his essay that "human beings do not have to rely on instincts; they learn instead;..." After Ridley presents this idea, he goes on to show the readers that human language owes to instincts. Noam Chomsky learned that part of the human brain comes equipped by its genes with a specialized ability to learn languages. He concluded that to learn a human language required a human language instinct.

More evidence is shown in Ridley's essay that children develop language in a predictable order or pattern, which suggests that there is an age limitation to when a child can fully learn the concept of a language. If this was the case, Kolata would argue how cloning can affect the clone's ability to learn languages.

Ridley presents that idea that genes control every part of the human body. He also believes that genes have a part in peoples' behavior and personality. He offers the idea that chromosome 7 lies a gene that plays an essential part in equipping human beings with an instinct. Kolata explained that cloning is an exact duplicate of a living animal. If chromosome 7 was to be cloned, that would be implying instinct could be copied through genes.

In both essays writes make valid points that there is a clear connection between genetics and instincts. Kolata presents her essay cooperating many experts and techniques that make her point valid. Since the writer does not stand on either side of the arguments she addresses her effort with strength. Although Kolata's essay takes another step on genetics to cloning, she may be trying to show the readers the positive and negative side of cloning instincts. Ridley presents his essay in his opinion by also cooperating many diverse experts and scientists. Ridley's essay could foreshadow the idea that language instinct may effect cloning different ways.

Gina Kolata presents the issues of human cloning in her essay "A Clone Is Born." Another essay that cooperates to the issues of instincts and language is written by Matt Ridley in "Genome." Both writes make clear points on the importance of how instinct has raised many questions. The writers use different concepts but similar conclusions about the use of genes.

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