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A compact school of jurisprudence is a tightly bound set of laws by which a society lives by. It is sacred and not changeable because it comes from God and the guidance of the Holy Scripture. An example of one such compact is the Mayflower Compact of 1620. This was the government that the Pilgrims set up and lived by when they arrived at Plymouth Massachusetts. This compact helped to set way for some of the beliefs in the Constitution. It provided the document with the sense that government is a form of a covenant between the people that must not be broken. The Compact also brought the idea of self government and democracy
In a contract school of jurisdiction, the powers exercised by government are derived from the people. It is an agreement that requires negotiations between two or more parties in which the terms are written down. Lawyers are necessary in order to make the contract authorized. Unlike a compact, the laws are secular and open to change. The Constitution was just that. It was negotiated between the delegates at the convention. The social contract is also expressed in the constitution. Natural rights, which include the rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, are stated in the Constitution under Amendment number one. This Amendment gives citizens the right to speech, religion, and to assemble.
The Magna Carta is an example of a contract that helped build the Constitution. It was a contract between the King and the people that listed the rights of the Englishmen. The Magna Carta created what we now call "popular sovereignty." Back then it gave the barons a veto over the king.
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