The Code of Hammurabi

  • Length: 525 words (1.5 double-spaced pages)
  • Rating: Excellent
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Text Preview

More ↓

Continue reading...

Open Document

During the early civilization of Babylonia arose King Hammurabi, which whom set fourth a moral code of written laws. These laws were strictly enforced by harsh punishments in which the people of Babylonia abided by. The moral codes were created by King Hammurabi to maintain order and stability in Babylonia. The basis for these laws were enforced by the saying "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth." This meant that if harm was done to you by someone of the same social status, the equivalent harm would be done to them. This was only one of the codes Hammurabi strictly abided by. These codes are extremely far different from present day laws in our societies today.

The code of Hammurabi was the first set of written laws to have been created. There were a collection of 282 laws which were recorded. Hammurabi states in his codes the reason for his laws. As stated in The Making of the West by Hunt, "to show Shamash that he had fulfilled the social responsibility imposed on him as a divinely installed monarch" (p.16). This meant that Hammurabi clearly felt that he was accountable for the justice and morals of his people, and that they should abide by them. One of the major points of the moral code included equal punishment under the same class. Code 196 states "If a noble man puts out the eye of another noble man, his eyes shall be put out." This clearly implies that the equal punishment law was severely followed by the Babylonians. Another important point was how woman were of lesser importance compared to men. Code 132 states how if a woman is not caught sleeping with another man she should jump in the water for the sake of her husband. This shows how woman were expected to be faithful and follow by their husbands side. While, if a man was to create adultery with his daughter he would only be exiled. The making of the West by Hunt states "A wife could divorce her husband for cruelty; a husband could divorce his wife for any reason" (p.16). This evidently shows how indisputably biased Hammurabi was towards woman in that society. Slaves' conducts and rules were also listed in the codes. They had absolutely no rights at all, even if they were to be killed by another being.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The Code of Hammurabi." 123HelpMe.com. 20 Jun 2018
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=107900>.
Title Length Color Rating  
Laws and Rituals throughout History Began with the Code of Hammurabi Essays - Throughout history, many civilizations have endured through a system of social, political, religious, and economic laws and rituals. Most of these laws and rituals were set up as procedures for moral behavior, family life, education, government, and business. These basic values were set forth by an early civilization known as the Babylonians. Law codes were regarded as a subject for prayer. However, to truly gain an understanding of Mesopotamia in the 17th Century BC, we should take a closer look at the penalties rather than the laws themselves....   [tags: Code of Hammurabi, history, ] 1375 words
(3.9 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
The Code of Hammurabi Essay - The “Code of Hammurabi” is considered to be one of the most valuable finds of human existence. In fact its very existence created the basis for the justice system we have come to rely on today. The creation of “the Code” was a tremendous achievement for not only Babylonian society but for the entire Mesopotamian region as King Hammurabi was ruler over all of that area. Its conception can be considered to be the first culmination of the laws of different regions into a single, logical text. Hammurabi wanted to be an efficient ruler and realized that this could be achieved through the use of a common set of laws which applied to all territories and all citizens who fell under his rule....   [tags: Ancient History] 946 words
(2.7 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on The Code of Hammurabi - The code of Hammurabi was presented in an eight-foot-tall stele made of gleaming black basalt. On the upper part of it shows Hammurabi the Babylonian king standing in the left next to the God of justice , Shamash. The laws were written in a phallic form , Hence made it obvious that it is a symbol of Hammurabi’s authority. Everyone at the time of Hammurabi could recognize the symbol of Hammurabi’s authority . Even those who could not read what was inscribed in the stele. Hammurabi ruled Babylon , which is a city in the center of Mesopotamia ....   [tags: Babylonia, ruler, laws]
:: 1 Works Cited
631 words
(1.8 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Essay on The Code of Hammurabi - Throughout history, many civilizations have endured through a system of social, political, religious, and economic laws and rituals. Most of these laws and rituals were set up as procedures for moral behavior, family life, education, government, and business. These basic values were set forth by an early civilization known as the Babylonians. There is a lot about Babylonian society that can be learned through reading the Code of Hammurabi. In the very least, the document itself and the materials used to produce it tell a lot about how advanced the empire was....   [tags: Babylonian Society] 1118 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Code of Hammurabi the King of Babylon Essay - Code of Hammurabi was established by Hammurabi, the king of Babylon, in order to create and maintain social order. Judging by these laws, I would say that the society defined by these laws consists of rather rigid structures and rules in the aspects of family, economics and justice system. It seems that the various social roles are very clearly defined in terms of what is expected of them, as well as the punishments they will receive as a result of not fulfilling their duties/responsibilities. For example, in the domestic realm, the father has the highest power in the family....   [tags: law, social order, father, rights]
:: 1 Works Cited
537 words
(1.5 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay on The Code of Hammurabi - The Code of Hammurabi was written by King Hammurabi, who began ruling the Babylonian Empire in about 1800 BC. Hammurabi came to power using his strengths as a military leader, conquering many smaller city-states to create his Empire. Hammurabi believed that the gods appointed him to bring justice and order to his people, and he took this duty very seriously. Not long after his ascent to power, he created his Code, 282 laws written to define all relationships and aspects of life in the kingdom. The laws were displayed in a public place so that all the people could have the opportunity to study them....   [tags: essays research papers] 748 words
(2.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay The Code of Hammurabi - During the early civilization of Babylonia arose King Hammurabi, which whom set fourth a moral code of written laws. These laws were strictly enforced by harsh punishments in which the people of Babylonia abided by. The moral codes were created by King Hammurabi to maintain order and stability in Babylonia. The basis for these laws were enforced by the saying "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth." This meant that if harm was done to you by someone of the same social status, the equivalent harm would be done to them....   [tags: World History] 525 words
(1.5 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Code Of Hammurabi Essays - Code Of Hammurabi The people of ancient Babylon lived their lives not how they wanted to, but by "The Code of Hammurabi". The code was the major reflector and shaper in the ancient Babylonian society. If there was something they wanted to do, they had to make sure that it wasn't against the code, because if it was, the consequences were serious, and could mean their life. But without the code, their society would be much more uncivilized and inhumane. Without the code, they wouldn't have been as advanced and as knowledgeable as they were....   [tags: History Babylon Essays Papers Ethics Society] 904 words
(2.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
The Old Testament and The Code of Hammurabi Essay - The Old Testament and The Code of Hammurabi To write an essay on the differences of the two texts given in Oliver Johnson's book presents quite a challenge since both texts are so different and yet have some over-all similarities. Where to start, and how to present these differences are two perplexing questions. I will, however, present in the following manner: I will describe the characteristics of the Old Testament, then contrast the Old Testament to the Code of Hammurabi and then discuss the encompassing similarities....   [tags: Papers] 604 words
(1.7 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay on Hammurabi's Code - A state must exist in order for a people--for a civilization to exist. A civilization will have little hope of progress and success if the state is without power and control. A state evolves from the creation of laws, beliefs and tribunes through a group of leaders, individuals who feel that specific laws, regulations and beliefs are required for the society that they are in to advance, develop but more importantly, to maintain control. Without these laws states would not form due to the chaos and if states do not form a nation can not be created....   [tags: World History] 958 words
(2.7 pages)
Good Essays [preview]



If a person from another class were to kill a slave they would either have to pay the owner or replace the slave with another. These were just a few codes in which the people of Babylonia had to follow, otherwise would suffer great punishments.

The rules and morals that the people of Babylonia lived by were unquestionably unjust. The codes in fact agreed and contrasted with the concept of "an eye for an eye." They agreed by having the same set of laws for all people of that society. It contrasted in that some codes could be overruled by higher social classes. This was undoubtedly unfair to the others with lower social statuses. The impressions the laws made on me were greatly disturbing. Hammurabi showed no remorse for the lives of his people even though he clearly thought it was the right thing for them. He believed he was superior to every being with consideration to the "Sun God." It left the impression on me that Hammurabi had no appreciation for life. Coming from a completely different society, these laws and morals were entirely unjust. In present day society laws are made to protect and help the people of that culture. They are not created to harm or degrade a society in anyway. A Point that could be relevant today would be death to someone who imposed death on another. In our society the death penalty is not a common law, but in some circumstances it is followed. This is usually imposed to a criminal with a severe history of serial killings. It is clearly not the same as Hammurabi's code in that any infliction even on self defense would conclude in death. A part of the code that degrades woman is something that is not upheld in our society today. There are many laws in our society that prevent this degradation from being imposed. Most people are in fact that are in favor of those laws. These societies can not even compare slightly with each other, for they are of two completely different time periods in history.


Return to 123HelpMe.com