The Code of Hammurabi

The Code of Hammurabi

Length: 525 words (1.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
During the early civilization of Babylonia arose King Hammurabi, which whom set fourth a moral code of written laws. These laws were strictly enforced by harsh punishments in which the people of Babylonia abided by. The moral codes were created by King Hammurabi to maintain order and stability in Babylonia. The basis for these laws were enforced by the saying "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth." This meant that if harm was done to you by someone of the same social status, the equivalent harm would be done to them. This was only one of the codes Hammurabi strictly abided by. These codes are extremely far different from present day laws in our societies today.

The code of Hammurabi was the first set of written laws to have been created. There were a collection of 282 laws which were recorded. Hammurabi states in his codes the reason for his laws. As stated in The Making of the West by Hunt, "to show Shamash that he had fulfilled the social responsibility imposed on him as a divinely installed monarch" (p.16). This meant that Hammurabi clearly felt that he was accountable for the justice and morals of his people, and that they should abide by them. One of the major points of the moral code included equal punishment under the same class. Code 196 states "If a noble man puts out the eye of another noble man, his eyes shall be put out." This clearly implies that the equal punishment law was severely followed by the Babylonians. Another important point was how woman were of lesser importance compared to men. Code 132 states how if a woman is not caught sleeping with another man she should jump in the water for the sake of her husband. This shows how woman were expected to be faithful and follow by their husbands side. While, if a man was to create adultery with his daughter he would only be exiled. The making of the West by Hunt states "A wife could divorce her husband for cruelty; a husband could divorce his wife for any reason" (p.16). This evidently shows how indisputably biased Hammurabi was towards woman in that society. Slaves' conducts and rules were also listed in the codes. They had absolutely no rights at all, even if they were to be killed by another being.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"The Code of Hammurabi." 123HelpMe.com. 24 Aug 2019
    <https://www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=107900>.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Hammurabi Code Of Hammurabi Essay

- The Babylonian King, Hammurabi, established the Code of Hammurabi during his reign from 1792-1750 BCE, which held a compendium of 282 laws. The code recognized the Babylonian Empire into three distinct social classes: an upper class (royal family), a middle class (freemen), and a lower class (slaves). Under the Hammurabi code, Babylonian society was one of stringent sanctions for criminal offenses with punishment varying according to the wealth of an individual and gender. The code was unjust, due to its law of exact retaliation, gender bias, and the extremity of punishment....   [tags: Babylon, Law, Babylonia, Code of Hammurabi]

Research Papers
706 words (2 pages)

The Code Of Hammurabi And The Law Of Moses Essay

- We as people have always searched for a code of morals and conduct. It is what has held empires, nations, and families from falling into chaos. This is what the code of Hammurabi and the law of Moses instituted in maintaining order. Both laws have a strong foundation and way of promoting justice that rivals many systems today in regards to effectiveness. Many of the laws given were later used in future governments. There are many similarities and differences between these documents, and this analysis will share some of the those....   [tags: Law, Human rights, Marriage, Code of Hammurabi]

Research Papers
908 words (2.6 pages)

Laws and Rituals throughout History Began with the Code of Hammurabi Essays

- Throughout history, many civilizations have endured through a system of social, political, religious, and economic laws and rituals. Most of these laws and rituals were set up as procedures for moral behavior, family life, education, government, and business. These basic values were set forth by an early civilization known as the Babylonians. Law codes were regarded as a subject for prayer. However, to truly gain an understanding of Mesopotamia in the 17th Century BC, we should take a closer look at the penalties rather than the laws themselves....   [tags: Code of Hammurabi, history, ]

Research Papers
1375 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on The Hammurabi Code And Mosaic Law

- The Hammurabi Code and Mosaic Law were used to lead their people during two different era. They were similarities and differences, between the two. For example, they were both discovered by their leaders in similar ways, but differed in their approach to justice and morality. Hammurabi Code respects women, but has distinct social class and penalties based on the class you belonged to, while the Mosaic Law had no distinction between people and gave everybody even fairness. Both the Hammurabi Code and the Mosaic Law were received by their peoples in similar ways....   [tags: Code of Hammurabi, Law, Babylonia, Babylon]

Research Papers
1266 words (3.6 pages)

King Hammurabi 's Code Of Laws Essay

- King Hammurabi’s code of laws was a reflection of their society. His set of 282 laws that were used to help govern his empire were set in stone over 3,000 years ago. These laws give clues to what life was like in the Babylonian society. Swift and just punishments were placed upon the offenders which kept crime levels down. These laws branched off of two different types of offenses; criminal and civil. Criminal offenses were larger crimes involving killing and theft. Civil offenses were more about family matters and marriage....   [tags: Social class, Sociology, Code of Hammurabi, Law]

Research Papers
1231 words (3.5 pages)

The Code of Hammurabi Essay

- The “Code of Hammurabi” is considered to be one of the most valuable finds of human existence. In fact its very existence created the basis for the justice system we have come to rely on today. The creation of “the Code” was a tremendous achievement for not only Babylonian society but for the entire Mesopotamian region as King Hammurabi was ruler over all of that area. Its conception can be considered to be the first culmination of the laws of different regions into a single, logical text. Hammurabi wanted to be an efficient ruler and realized that this could be achieved through the use of a common set of laws which applied to all territories and all citizens who fell under his rule....   [tags: Ancient History]

Research Papers
946 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on The Code of Hammurabi

- The code of Hammurabi was presented in an eight-foot-tall stele made of gleaming black basalt. On the upper part of it shows Hammurabi the Babylonian king standing in the left next to the God of justice , Shamash. The laws were written in a phallic form , Hence made it obvious that it is a symbol of Hammurabi’s authority. Everyone at the time of Hammurabi could recognize the symbol of Hammurabi’s authority . Even those who could not read what was inscribed in the stele. Hammurabi ruled Babylon , which is a city in the center of Mesopotamia ....   [tags: Babylonia, ruler, laws]

Research Papers
631 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on The Code of Hammurabi

- The Code of Hammurabi was written by King Hammurabi, who began ruling the Babylonian Empire in about 1800 BC. Hammurabi came to power using his strengths as a military leader, conquering many smaller city-states to create his Empire. Hammurabi believed that the gods appointed him to bring justice and order to his people, and he took this duty very seriously. Not long after his ascent to power, he created his Code, 282 laws written to define all relationships and aspects of life in the kingdom. The laws were displayed in a public place so that all the people could have the opportunity to study them....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
748 words (2.1 pages)

Essay The Code of Hammurabi

- During the early civilization of Babylonia arose King Hammurabi, which whom set fourth a moral code of written laws. These laws were strictly enforced by harsh punishments in which the people of Babylonia abided by. The moral codes were created by King Hammurabi to maintain order and stability in Babylonia. The basis for these laws were enforced by the saying "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth." This meant that if harm was done to you by someone of the same social status, the equivalent harm would be done to them....   [tags: World History]

Free Essays
525 words (1.5 pages)

Code Of Hammurabi Essays

- Code Of Hammurabi The people of ancient Babylon lived their lives not how they wanted to, but by "The Code of Hammurabi". The code was the major reflector and shaper in the ancient Babylonian society. If there was something they wanted to do, they had to make sure that it wasn't against the code, because if it was, the consequences were serious, and could mean their life. But without the code, their society would be much more uncivilized and inhumane. Without the code, they wouldn't have been as advanced and as knowledgeable as they were....   [tags: History Babylon Essays Papers Ethics Society]

Research Papers
904 words (2.6 pages)

If a person from another class were to kill a slave they would either have to pay the owner or replace the slave with another. These were just a few codes in which the people of Babylonia had to follow, otherwise would suffer great punishments.

The rules and morals that the people of Babylonia lived by were unquestionably unjust. The codes in fact agreed and contrasted with the concept of "an eye for an eye." They agreed by having the same set of laws for all people of that society. It contrasted in that some codes could be overruled by higher social classes. This was undoubtedly unfair to the others with lower social statuses. The impressions the laws made on me were greatly disturbing. Hammurabi showed no remorse for the lives of his people even though he clearly thought it was the right thing for them. He believed he was superior to every being with consideration to the "Sun God." It left the impression on me that Hammurabi had no appreciation for life. Coming from a completely different society, these laws and morals were entirely unjust. In present day society laws are made to protect and help the people of that culture. They are not created to harm or degrade a society in anyway. A Point that could be relevant today would be death to someone who imposed death on another. In our society the death penalty is not a common law, but in some circumstances it is followed. This is usually imposed to a criminal with a severe history of serial killings. It is clearly not the same as Hammurabi's code in that any infliction even on self defense would conclude in death. A part of the code that degrades woman is something that is not upheld in our society today. There are many laws in our society that prevent this degradation from being imposed. Most people are in fact that are in favor of those laws. These societies can not even compare slightly with each other, for they are of two completely different time periods in history.
Return to 123HelpMe.com