Conservative Views of African-Americans on Affirmative Action

Conservative Views of African-Americans on Affirmative Action

Length: 974 words (2.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Recently the merits of a race based admission policy to colleges and universities have come under scrutiny by the American public. Take into account the position of black conservatives, who feel that affirmative action merely perpetuates a system of preference in reverse and does nothing to fix the problems African Americans face in lower educational programs. When looking at the arguments of the Black conservatives and comparing them to the view points of the opposition, a certain conclusion may be reached.

The first concept of affirmative action was presented by President Kennedy in a 1961 executive order. His order stated that government contractors should voluntarily support affirmative action efforts by recruiting, hiring and promoting minorities (Moreno 5). Higher education did not become the focus of affirmative action until the 1973 case Adams vs. Richardson. In this case the Department of Heath, Education and Welfare Published guidelines ordering a unitary higher education system. The goal of these guidelines was to ensure that the proportion of black high school graduates equaled the proportion of white graduates entering state institutions of higher learning (Moreno 6).

This in itself is the problem that black conservatives see in implementing raced based uniform admissions policies. They feel that this system is not only demeaning to African Americans, but that school desegregation laws are based on a theory of black inferiority (Magelli 2). Shelby Steel, a Stanford University Professor and black conservative thinks that the federal government should focus on fixing old public school systems instead of giving minorities a leg up later in life when it is often too late to undo the damage inflicted by poor public schooling during childhood (Magelli 11). This is a valid point especially in many urban areas where underpaid teachers teach from outdated school books. But what is the answer? Would everything be fine if,,Ÿlike the black conservatives feel,,Ÿ the federal government removed itself from the situation (Magelli 3)? We need only to look at our own neighborhoods to answer that question.

A 2000 census report confirms that we continue to live in a segregated society. This study used an index that ranged from 0 to 100, where 0 indicated blacks and whites are evenly distributed in neighborhoods and 100 means that blacks and whites share no neighborhood in common.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Conservative Views of African-Americans on Affirmative Action." 19 Feb 2020

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about A Free Slave African Americans

- Yesterday, Donald Trump played the media. Trump gathered the puppy dog media biting and nipping at their master, Donnie, at his new hotel in New York. The staged event consisted of an infomercial for his new hotel. After twenty minutes of military veterans praising The Donald with bizarre passion, Donald emerged on a stage to utter the words "President Obama was born in the United States. Period." Period. Well, thanks for the suspense jackass. Most Americans, who are not brainwashed by the right wing, conservative media outlets knew Obama was born in Hawaii in 1961....   [tags: Barack Obama, African American, Democratic Party]

Research Papers
763 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Conservative Politics

- Goldwater was the dream candidate of America in and around 1964. He offered a choice to move out of a capitalist system that most Americans at the time attributed the Depression to. After the Depression, Americans thought that the federal government had an obligation to protect them from those whom Franklin Roosevelt described as “malefactors of great wealth”, and wanted the government to regulate and control those financial interests. Goldwater noted that conservatives "believed the communist projection of man as a producing, consuming animal to be used and discarded was antithetical to all the Christian understandings which are the foundations upon which the Republic stands....   [tags: Political Science]

Research Papers
1379 words (3.9 pages)

Affirmative Action and Capital Punishment Essays

- I believe that as of right now, we should have affirmative action. I take the liberal perspective because I believe affirmative action is essential to society. Affirmative action is important because students with a disadvantaged background need the help, American society still gives priority to one racial group over another, and because we owe it to minorities to make up for discrimination against them in the past. A minority student is generally classified as belonging to a lower-income family than the average white American, who is classified by earning a higher income....   [tags: minority student, racial groups]

Research Papers
1177 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about Affirmative Action: The Discriminatory Effect

- Throughout history, people have been categorized into different groups. These groupings were based on certain characteristics people shared, whether it was their ethnicity, race, gender, or religion. Society is notorious for distinguishing among different groups and favoring one or two of them. Undoubtedly, this separation of peoples, led to increased tension between various groups. As time progressed, the conflicts intensified, and it became apparent that a change was necessary. At this time, places all around the world began experiencing revolutions of people that were working towards earning their rights....   [tags: Civil Rights]

Research Papers
2073 words (5.9 pages)

The Effects of Affirmative Action on Law Students and Lawyers Essay

- The Effects of Affirmative Action on Law Students and Lawyers Given the opportunity, do African Americans with lower undergraduate test scores and grades succeed in law school. Does admitting African Americans with lower test scores and grades than other racial groups into law schools have a good or bad effect on American society. On one hand it can be argued these students grab the opportunity and use it. Making more African American lawyers is healthy for American society. The presence of more African American lawyers itself means the concerns of their community will be heard and represented in society....   [tags: Lawyers African American Essays]

Free Essays
1255 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Affirmative Action Curbed in California

- LOS ANGELES, JUNE 1 – California Gov. Pete Wilson (R), vowing to lead a growing conservative movement to end three decades of racial and gender preferences as an antidote to discrimination, today signed an executive order abolishing a wide range of affirmative action programs affecting hiring and contracting in state agencies. Wilson, who is seeking the Republican presidential nomination, eliminated or sharply cut back scores of affirmative action policies or programs that are not mandated by state or federal laws or that exceed those laws....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
975 words (2.8 pages)

Is Affirmative Action Fair? Essay

- Is Affirmative Action Fair. A black student has been waiting for that letter of acceptance from the college of her choice. She receives that letter and gets in. At the same time a female white student is also waiting for her letter of acceptance from that same college. The white student receives a rejection letter even though she had higher test scores and a better GPA than the black student. Was this fair to the students. Was it the best outcome for the country in the long run. Many minority students are accepted into colleges and law schools due to their race while at the same time white students are rejected because colleges have to make room for these minorities....   [tags: Law Government Equality Papers]

Research Papers
2395 words (6.8 pages)

Race and Affirmative Action Essay

- Race and Affirmative Action Race is an issue that is embedded in the nation’s history and continues to spur discussions on how the different minorities and ethnic groups must be treated fairly. Affirmative action is a recent attempt to solve the discriminations produced by racial inequality. However, affirmative action is also being scrutinized as scholars and the public debate the benefits and harms of affirmative action. A Historical View Throughout the past 30 years, affirmative action has been the answer to racial inequality....   [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]

Research Papers
2815 words (8 pages)

Affirmitive Action Essay

- The Facts In 1965, President Lyndon B. Johnson issues an Executive Order 11246 requiring federal contractors to “take affirmative action” to ensure that they do not engage in discriminatory practices against workers because of race creed, color, or national origin. Two years later gender was added to the list. Affirmative action is the practice, usually by institutions or employment in government and business, of giving preference to racial minorities and women. The politics were originally developed to correct decades of discrimination and to give disadvantaged minorities a boost....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
1105 words (3.2 pages)

Affirmative Action Essay

- Since the beginning of time there has been prejudice and hate. Adam and Eve hated snakes. Jews hated Jesus. Sugar Ray Leonard hated Tommy Hearns. Prejudice is caused by two things: ignorance and hate. Prejudice and mistreatment has existed in this country, first with American-Indians and then later with African-Americans and many other minorities. The selling and trading of slaves is a shadow that has been hanging over the heads of white Americans for two centuries. Some people feel that it is the white-American's duty to pay the black population back....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
3178 words (9.1 pages)

Scores higher that 60 are considered to be ghighh, while those greater that 70 are considered to be gextremeh (Massey 3). This study found that the average level of black-white segregation in U.S. metropolitan areas stood at 64. But in Cities like Detroit (85) or New York (81) the levels are extremely high. The study also states that no other multiracial country is as segregated as the United States. The only other country where levels of segregation routinely exceeded 70 was the Union of South Africa under apartheid (Massey 4).

So the fact that we still live in a segregated society nearly 140 years after the Civil War shows us that what we donft need is a hands off approach on racial issues from the federal government. What we need is more governmental intervention. In 2000 researchers working for the Department of Urban Development concluded that discrimination persists in both housing rental and sales markets of large metropolitan areas nationwide (Massey 5). This is not a problem capitol nor is it a problem of will or desire; this is a problem of segregation which exists in our neighborhoods and schools alike.

Another Idea held by black conservatives is that the issue of affirmative action has been clouded by race. Many black conservatives feel that a system of equality based on class rather than race would create a more accepted program. William Julius Wilson, a Professor of Sociology and Public Policy at the University of Chicago feels that any economic empowerment program for black youths should follow race neutral policies that draw the support of everyone, not just minorities. Wilson thinks that these programs would work to bring different races together (Magelli 23). We are all divided by class in the U.S. and Professor Wilson may have a point, but how valid is it? To find that out we must ask ourselves what kind of education we want.

In a 2002 paper, gOn the importance of Diversity in Higher Education,h the American Council on Education states that a diverse student body is essential in providing a high-quality education. This paper was also endorsed by 65 other higher education associations and also states that they gbelieve so strongly that racial and ethnic diversity should be one factor among the many considered in admission and hiring (Moreno 21).h

In fact, this position has been upheld in the only two cases involving student affirmative action issues presented to the Supreme Court. In Defunis v. Odegaard (1974), the Court upheld a lower courtfs ruling that the admissions policies at the University of Washington Law School served a number of interests for the state of Washington in promoting integration in public education (Moreno 9). Then in 1978 the Supreme Court overturned a lower courtfs ruling to the unconstitutionality of the University of California, Davis Medical Schoolfs program of race conscience admission in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (Moreno 11).

According to a 12 year longitudinal study, class can not be substituted for race without having substantial effects on campus diversity. The study further states that if a university wanted to achieve diversity using a class based system it would have to reserve six times the seats for low income students that it now reserves for minority students. Another study found that the beneficiaries of a class based admission system would be low income whites and Asians, thereby doing little to maintain the diversity desired (Moreno 24).

We are members of America, the home of the brave and the land of the opinionated. So we should not disregard the opinions of the black conservatives. Many things that they say have some truth to them and should be implemented in our country. We should put more focus on our primary and secondary schools for instance. But to completely eradicate the programs that great men and women of the past worked and fought so hard to bring about seems a bit much for me.

Works Cited

Megalli, Mark. gThe High Priests of the Black Academic Right.h The Journal of Blacks

in Higher Education, No 9 (Autumn 1995). 7 Sep. 2003



Moreno, Pamela. gA History of Affirmative Action Law and Its Relation to College

Admission.h Journal of College Admission no179 (Spring 2003). 7 Sep 2003




entitytoprecno =1:entitycurrecno=1:numrecs=

Massey, Douglas S. gThe Race Case.h American Prospect v. 14 no3 (Mar. 2003).

7 Sep 2003 <http://80-



Return to