Peace has been the goal of many political scientists since the very beginning of the science. Studying war and its causes is the very nature of international politics. Many have proposed world models that would create a everlasting peace. One of the most accepted and quoted is Immanuel Kant's essay Perpetual Peace. Kant proposed that liberal states are inherently peaceful, and do not become aggressors in war (790-792). While this has not proven true as an absolute, many political scientists have
has changed the definition of an ‘armed’ attack; effectively changing who is to be held accountable. It is thus necessary to explore the reasons for this change as well as its future implications for the international community in general. In this essay I will examine the criteria for the State’s right to self-defense as it applies to state weakness, irregular warfare and international law in our post 9-11 world. Furthermore, while such change may appear to be linear and expected, Naomi Klein offers
Values (1951), began such a wealth of research that political scientists today have difficulty digesting and synthesizing all but small parts of it. Consequently, the full value of this research often goes unrealized…” (Ordeshook 1986, ix) In this essay I will argue that, contrary to Ordeshook’s claim, the “full value of this research” has actually been overstated; not for the lack of profundity in the assumptions and certain selected observations contained in the literature mentioned above, but for
Who gives the best account of revolution, Locke or Kant? The writings of Locke on the subject of revolution in his second treatise of government were one of the founding and seminal texts on the “right” of a populace to resist the power of the state if a government was to overstep its defined power and become an unjust tyranny. Kant, however, took what could be labelled a surprising view for a republican and made the denial of the logical and legal coherence of this “right”, as well as the potential
'For too long, the citizens of the Middle East have lived in the midst of death and fear. The hatred of a few holds the hopes of many hostage. The forces of extremism and terror are attempting to kill progress and peace by killing the innocent. And this casts a dark shadow over an entire region,' President George W. Bush in his June 24, 2002 address to the nation. The conflict between Israel and Palestine is just one of the many facets that have shaped modern day politics in the Middle East.
hopefulness gradually gave way to a more pessimistic assessment -- that one’s position on the Great Chain of Being, the hierarchical ladder of life, was permanent and could not be altered. (Jackson pg. 29) This belief truly manifested when people would give there reasons as to why the institution of slavery was permissible or needed to continue under increasingly hostile opposition. The argument was that people of African descent were naturally and scientifically predisposed to being inferior to anyone
Failure of IMF and World Bank Policies in Sub-Saharan Africa Over the last several hundred years, Africa has been deprived of the peace that it so desperately needs. For over 400 years, Africa was subjected to the harsh trans-Atlantic slave trade. Europeans and Americans brutally uprooted millions of Africans and shipped them away. Torn away from their homes, Africans were inhumanely exploited for their labor. The slave trade had a devastating effect not only on those involved