Explain how Charles Causley uses literary effects in his poem, 'The

Explain how Charles Causley uses literary effects in his poem, 'The

Length: 1287 words (3.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Explain how Charles Causley uses literary effects in his poem, 'The
Cowboy Song. How do they add to the reader's enjoyment?

The poet, Charles Causley, and his poem, the Cowboy Song, is about a
lonely ghost cowboy. Gradually the poet is telling the reader through
the stanzas that the cowboy is died, at 20. The cowboy led a sad life
with events like his sister and father fleeing.

Charles Causley does this effectively, and this essay is going to
explain how the poet uses literary effects like onomatopoeia,
alliteration and metaphors, and how these effects add to the reader's

To start with, I am going to tell you about the rhythm and rhyme of
the poem. The rhythm and rhyme give the poem and sort of fell that
makes it fell like a song. We can connect this with the title (Cowboy
Song). There is a steady beat of 8,7,11,6 but this may vary slightly
in some stanzas. Like in the last stanza it is 7,6,8,6. The rhythm and
rhyme actually make the poem quite jolly, though it is a very sad
poem!?! It is a big contrast. There is a strong difference and it is
there to leave us with a moral. Which infact is the whole poem, and
this is what the contrast does.

The first stanza is set at nighttime. In this stanza we can see a
verity of effects like alliteration, metaphors, similes and the effect
you would find in any good poem, rhythm and rhyme.

Setting the scene in Salem County, the poet is already hinting at the
supernatural. Salem is a place where we associate with witchcraft,
ghosts, and unnatural things. One way to back this theory up is a
simile, "sweet as an angels feet". Here he is describing the wheat and
the effect is that obviously no one can touch or taste an angel's
foot, so it makes it odd, and supernatural.

The metaphors are 'blue-bone orchard' and 'marmalade moon'. I believe
the blue-bone orchard is a graveyard. This is because he is awakening
from his grave and it would make sense for someone to get up at the
introduction of a poem, and not at the end for example. Also we have
'marmalade moon'. This is possible when the moon is rising or setting.
But it is not made of marmalade, however the use of this metaphor
gives a jolly effect.

Alliteration highlights the words the poet wants you to fell and take
in, not just read them. For example, 'zithering zephyrs'. We take this
in and think about it better than a simple phrase like 'wind making

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Explain how Charles Causley uses literary effects in his poem, 'The." 123HelpMe.com. 15 Dec 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Defamiliarization in Relation to Winfred Owen's Poem Anthem for Doomed Youth

- ... In the second line the guns are given human destructive qualities, not something that is the banal. They are described as being “monstrous”, that they possess powers of superhuman strength. Owen compares the church bells to the “rifles’ rapid rattle”, that they bell is now the guns killing more people. He also states that with the sounding of the guns they give out a “hasty orison” that there is no one to say a prayer for the fallen soldiers. It makes the reader perceive an ordinary funeral to that of the fallen soldiers....   [tags: effects on reader and understanding of poem]

Research Papers
721 words (2.1 pages)

Analysis of Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s Epic Poem Ulysses Essay

- Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s epic poem "Ulysses" is composed as a dramatic monologue, consisting of four stanzas each of which frankly discuss the speakers current situation and yearning for adventure. The use of iambic pentameter provides a sense of fluidity to the speaker’s voice. The speaker reveals himself to be the protagonist of the poem with the opening line “It little profits that an idle king” (1). The use of the word “idle” offers the first clue as to one of the main themes of the poem....   [tags: Epic Poem Ulysses]

Research Papers
1204 words (3.4 pages)

Poem Explication: “This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison” Essay

- Throughout life, we have all experienced the loneliness of being excluded at some point or another. In “This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison,” Samuel Taylor Coleridge shows how his experience with this resentful jealousy matured into a selfless brotherly love and the acceptance of the beneficial effects some amount of denial can have. Each of the poem’s three stanzas demonstrates a separate step in this transition, showing Coleridge’s gradual progression from envy to appreciation. The pervading theme of Nature and the fluctuating diction are used to convey these, while the colloquial tone parallels the message’s universal applications....   [tags: Poem Analysis]

Research Papers
1628 words (4.7 pages)

Emily Dickinson’s Poem It Was Not Death Essay

- In Emily Dickinson’s poem “It Was Not Death”, Dickinson is stuck in a mental state of hopelessness and despair which she cannot define nor understand. As Dickinson does not know the cause of her anguish, she begins the poem by referring to her condition with an unidentified “it”, and throughout the poem she is trying to make sense of this “it”. The poem is written in ballad meter as it consists of four line stanzas that contain alternate lines of iambic tetrameter followed by iambic trimeter. In both the first and second stanza, Dickinson is trying to make sense of her feelings by eliminating the different possibilities of her current mental state....   [tags: Poetry, Poem Analysis, Poetry Analysis]

Research Papers
562 words (1.6 pages)

Explain the harmful effects of drugs such as ecstasy on the individual and society.

- In recent years, the rising use of addictive drugs has become one of the biggest social problems menacing certain countries. The illicit use of a variety of drugs appears to be increasing. Generally, a drug can be a substance, other than those required for the maintenance of normal health, which by its chemical nature alters the structure or function of a living organism. In this essay, drugs are more appropriate defined as psychoactive drugs such as ecstasy and cannabis, which lead to the influence of the central nervous system in mood, thought and behaviour....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
1318 words (3.8 pages)

Robert Frost's Poem Fire and Ice Essay

- Robert Frost's Poem "Fire and Ice" If you had a choice on how the world would end, what would you choose. Would your choice to be go painfully but fast. Perhaps you would rather it be so slow and painless you do not even realize it is happening. That's what I believe Robert Frost's poem Fire and Ice is meant to express. Although the poem is short, it holds a very interesting question to think about. The question is which way would you rather the world come to an end. There are two choices.      The first two lines in Fire and Ice express the choices, "Some say the world will end in fire, / Some say in ice.'; I feel that he uses the term fire not to hold the direct meaning of a burning fla...   [tags: Robert Frost Fire Ice Poet Poem Poems Essays]

Research Papers
829 words (2.4 pages)

Essay on Emily Dickinson's Use of Loss in Poem 67 and Poem 1036

- Emily Dickinson's Use of Loss in Poem 67 and Poem 1036 Many of Emily Dickinson's poems touch on topics dealing with loss. While loss is generally considered a sad or unfortunate thing, Dickinson uses this theme to explain and promote the positive aspects of absence. Throughout many of her poems, one can see clearly that she is an advocate of respecting and accepting the state of being without. Dickinson implies that through these types of losses, one can gain a richer and stronger appreciation for both success and belongings....   [tags: Emily Dickinson Poem 67 Poem 1036]

Free Essays
815 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on An Analysis of Emily Dickinson's Poem #315

- An Analysis of Emily Dickinson's Poem #315 I believe that this poem can be interpreted in many different ways. Who is to say that there can only be one explanation or meaning to Dickinson's #315. Since being introduced to this poem, I have heard many different interpretations either from others in my group or from reading about it in web sites or books. In this close reading, I will concentrate on the very first word of this text: He. I will explain who I think this person is and how "He" is responsible for the actions in this poem....   [tags: Emily Dickinson Poem 315 Essays]

Free Essays
836 words (2.4 pages)

Explain Essay

- Explain Explain what is happening in each of the following poems and compare and contrast the different ways in which they deal with the theme of sorrow. The first poem ‘Remember’ by Christina Rossetti is a late romantic, early Victorian sonnet, which is about someone who has passed away. ‘The chimney sweeper’ by William Blake, is written in 1740’s and is about a young child chimney sweep and his plight. ‘Remember’ is written in the narrative voice so that it seems as if the person who passed away is speaking....   [tags: English Literature]

Free Essays
833 words (2.4 pages)

Explain Essay example

- Explain Explain the importance of the Magic If and Given Circumstances to Stanislavski’s psycho technique. Refer to any practical examples that will help explain this. MR GROGAN H/W In this essay I will be explaining the work we have been doing recently during this term and the relevance to our study of Stanislavski’s psycho technique. I will be outlining how his ideas of the ‘Magic If’ and ‘Given Circumstances’ contribute to the importance of this technique. Stanislavski had several ideas about how to achieve a sense of inner and outer truth in terms of his character, one being the magic if....   [tags: Drama]

Research Papers
1302 words (3.7 pages)

Related Searches

noise'. He also mentions 'Silver Melons' Appratly these silver melons
are a reality but the Silver gives the effect of a ghostly place. This
can be connected to Salem County. The idea we go away with from this
stanza is that it is setting the scene.

The second stanza is very sad and may bring a tear to the eye. His
mother died and his father had disappeared sometime in the cowboys
lifetime. Also because of the date - 1873 - we can tell the cowboy
lived in the 19th century. We have a good piece of dialect that we can
translate to start us off.

"My maw (mother) sleeps prone on the prairie
In a boulder eiderdown"

2001 Alex Wilkes

Translated, we can tell his mother is lying face down on a prairie, in
a grave. This part of America is full of wolves and wild dogs who tend
to scavenger in graves for food. Therefore, the graves were covered in
rocks - a boulder eiderdown. We can also see some alliteration 'prone
on the prairie'. Altogether, the literary effects combine to make is
feel sorry for the mother and cowboy.

On the 5th line we also have alliteration. "I haven't seen paw
(father) since a Sunday". The repetition of the 'S' makes the words
stand out. This highlights the fact that his father has gone. The main
job of this stanza is to give some background into the cowboy's life.

My group did stanza 3. This is a real sad part of the poem, but I
wouldn't say it was worse than losing your parents. Yes, he lost his
brother and sister. His sister has 'Fled', or left. Fled gives a big
impact and I suppose this is because of the alliteration with fancy
and florid. We also have some more alliteration - 'weeping like the
willow'. This is a wonderful effect, as it sounds quite jolly, yet his
sister fled crying! This is what alliteration can do when used
correctly, which the poet has done very well.

There is some rhyme of 'dead is the brother I loved like no other'.
Obviously, he was quite close to his brother, and the line that said
his brother shared his pillow, probably backs up this theory. Then
there is a metaphor of 'I fly the florid water'. I am not sure what
florid in this context means, but it could mean red or decorated. If
it was red, it would mean that is was red in an unhealthy way, and if
it were the decorated meaning, it would mean that the water was overly
decorated. I cannot decide.

Another metaphor I located is 'walk, six inches of the ground'.
Obviously he isn't, but because he is dead he is floating around. This
gives a nice feeling, and again it is a mega contrast between jolly
and sad.

Stanza 4, the 2nd to last stanza, is describing what the cowboy is
getting up to and how he feels. We can see a strong use of imagery in
this stanza, with the poet putting a lot of information across.
1 metaphor we can see is 'map of moonlight'. The cowboy only knows how
to travel at night. Another line is 'In my green glass'. Here we
concentrate on the 'green glass'. The green glass is a timer. Possibly
it is to time the cowboy so he can only travel at night.
He is trawling the sky. Possibly he is searching for his missing
family, especially his dad and sister (see 2nd stanza). The effect of
him searching for his parents is that we feel sorry for him. No one
wants to lose their family after all. Then there is some dialogue:

"The girls go gay in the valley, when the boys come down from the farm"

The girls are very happy when the boys come down to meet them. We may
feel so sorry for the cowboy. There are teenagers meeting with their
partners and he can get no action himself. This adds to our enjoyment
by thinking about it and then feeling so sorry for him, but because
someone else is having fun, there is a great contrast, which we enjoy.
From now on there are no literary effects in this stanza.

“ 2001 Alex Wilkes

The last stanza is a very powerful ending to the poem. We finally find
that the cowboy is dead.

At his resting place he is covered with lilies. There is brass for his
nameplate, and lead to seal his coffin. It is a very sad ending to a
very sad poem, yet some literary effects we can see are quite jolly.

I have concluded that this is a very contrasting poem and I think that
the contrasting elements are what make this poem a joy to read, with
the literary effects adding to our enjoyment.

The main concept of the alliteration was to highlight words that the
poet wants us to discover and take in. These add to our enjoyment, as
it is much nicer to actually take something in than to simply read a
boring old poem.
Return to 123HelpMe.com