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Owen; Belfast Confetti by Ciaran Carson; No More Hiroshima's by
Compare and contrast the attitudes to conflict shown in three or four
of these poems, pointing out how the poets use language to explore
their ideas and emotions.
Two of the poems listed above, attack and anthem for doomed youth are
to do with things that happened during world war 1.
Both Wilfrid Owen and Siegfried Sassoon were involved with this war,
fighting for their country. The poems that they wrote about the war
told of their experiences and in attack some of the terrible things
Sassoon saw and was made to do.
Anthem for doomed youth is more about what happened to the people at
home and what they had to go through when they realised their men
weren't coming home.
I think that the authors of these poems wrote about the war because
they wanted people to realise that war wasn't a good thing, all it
brought about was pain, suffering and it killed a lot of people
Belfast Confetti is written about the troubles in Northern Ireland. In
it the poet Ciaran Carson describes his route through the troubled
streets. the poem talks of home-made bombs, firing guns and other
missiles. It mentions some of the street names that he goes through
all of which are the names of battles in various wars.
When reading the poem you imagine that it should be said very fast
almost imitating the gun shots spoken about by the author.
The last poem I'll be writing about is No More Hiroshima's by James
This poem is all about what remains of the city of Hiroshima after an
atomic bomb was dropped on it at the end of world war 2.
Kirkup describes his first impressions of Hiroshima as he passes
through and other things he saw there that made him upset. I think
that he decided to write this poem because what he saw affected him
greatly and in some way he was almost angry when he saw some of the
inhabitants attempts at trying to once again reconstruct a normal life
The bomb itself which was the first atomic bomb ever to be used in
warfare was dropped on August 6th 1945. Over 130, 000 people were
killed or severely injured by the bomb and its after effects.
This means that Kirkup had nothing at all to do with Hiroshima itself
as the bomb was dropped before his time. Also he wasn't Japanese.
The first poem that I have decided to write about in full is attack by
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world war 1. and what happened to the soldiers when they went out of
the trenches. The things that they saw, did and thought ass they went
to meet their fate be that death or survival which could be just as
unlucky in some cases.
By the way that the poem has been written you can tell that the poet
is very much against war. One of the things that I think stands out
most is that at the end of the poem he says'
"O Jesu, make it stop!"
The poet is speaking as someone who has experienced war and knows an
awful lot about it, which is true. however he has written the poem in
the third person which makes me think that he wasn't one of those
young men struggling in the poem. I think that Sassoon decided to
write this poem so that the people at home would see what war was
really like, not just the glorified tale that most people had heard.
He wanted to try and make sure that nothing like this would ever
When spoken this poem would have to be said fairly slowly and with a
sad tone of voice because this poem is very gloomy and not one that
you should enjoy reading or listening to.
Something which I have noticed being used in this poem is Metaphors,
some examples of them are,
"Smouldering through spouts of drifting smoke that shroud
The menacing slope;"
"Lines of grey, muttering faces, masked with fear"
I think that these have something in common because their both talking
about covering something up. Shroud is the sheet you wrap a dead body
in and mask. The only other thing used is personification.
"And hope, with grappling furtive eyes and grappling fists,
Flounders in the mud."
Most of the poem has been written in Iambic Pentameter. You also
notice that the first four lines of the poem have no punctuation what
so ever. this reflects the battle, it makes you want it to stop and
take a pause. you just want it to stop.
This poem attack is very similar to Anthem for Doomed Youth because
they are both written about world war 1. by authors who had been
involved with the war. Both poems speak of war as being something
dreadful that wasn't to be taken as a joke but to be understood and
seen for what it really was.
They are both written from an onlookers point of view, by experienced
The way that the poems have been written makes you feel upset and
angry. this maybe for slightly different reasons in each but still on
the same subject.
Both of these poems are written in iambic pentameter and Anthem for
Doomed Youth is a perfect sonnet, Attack isn't quite, but it does
include some metaphors and personification which aren't in Anthem for
In the poem Anthem for Doomed Youth the poet Wilfrid Owen explains how
and why the men that were on the battle field in world war 1. wouldn't
be given a proper funeral. We know that what Owen writes in the poem
is true because he himself fought in the war so we can rely on what he
It also talks of the people back home, their loved ones and how they
would be feeling. In ways the poem is very clever when it says things
"And each slow dusk a drawing-down of blinds" people used to close
their curtains when someone that they knew had died. This line to me
seems like each night the people at home are remembering them
sometimes without even realising that they're dead.
This poem is written in the third person. The poet himself isn't
actually there, even though he knows a lot about the war by being an
officer in it.
I think that this poem was written for much the same reasons as
Attack. It was to shock people and make them realise how truly
terrible war was.
If this poem were to be said I think you would need to say it with an
angry almost aggressive note to your voice because its quite an
upsetting poem to read.
Wilfrid Owen was quite obviously an educated man we know this because
his poem is written in almost perfect English also its in sonnet form.
This is ironic because what happened to all of those men was such a
terrible thing it was far from perfect and the sonnets are usually to
do with love this one is filled with war and hatred.
In the third line down the poet has used Onomatopoeia
"rifles' rattle rapid fire' this is to make it stand out so you take
Anthem for doomed youth is quite different from the next poem no more
Hiroshimas. This poem was written after world war 1. and no more
Hiroshimas was written on something to do with world war 2. These were
very different wars and the poems talk about very different things.
Anthem for doomed youth is written about soldiers dying in a battle.
It tells of what happens to them when they die, how they don't have a
proper funeral and sometimes their family don't even realise that
No more Hiroshimas is different in that its not so much about a battle
but a single attack on a city, it too tells of the destruction caused
and of the people that died in the blast.
Another thing that makes them different is that Wilfrid Owen has
written a poem about something that he knows a lot about and was very
much involved with. However James Kirkup wrote No More Hiroshimas
about something he had nothing to do with and the poem was written as
he was looking back on the event that had happened quite along time
The poem No More Hiroshimas by James Kirkup is all about the after
effects of the atomic bomb dropped on the city of Hiroshima in 1945.
It completely ruined the place both physically and mentally in that
the buildings were destroyed, people were killed and severely injured
also in that the survivors would just have felt like giving up.
Kirkup describes his impressions of the city and what he thinks of it.
Some of the things that he sees really upset him especially the relics
that he mentions at the end, some of the things that had belonged to
people who had been affected by the bomb. He also talks about the town
itself and the buildings that are now there. He calls them tacky with
This poem is written in the first person. Kirkup is actually there
even though the event that he's based the poem on happened in the
past. The poet is speaking as someone who is witnessing what the city
is like now. He does occasionally mention the bomb but most of it is
in the present.
I believe that Kirkup wrote this poem to let people know what happened
to Hiroshima and how dreadful it was and that this type of mass
destruction isn't needed.
This poem is written in a very gloomy tone of voice and the poet
sounds angry all the way through.
In this poem I have found examples of juxtaposition,
'The souvenir-shops piled with junk, kimoned kewpie dolls,
Models of the Bombed Industry Promotion Hall, memorial ruin.'
Kirkup compares the gaudy souvenirs along side models of bombed
buildings. This is telling us that in a way Hiroshima has just turned
into a place that only exists for tourists.
This poem doesn't really have a very structured rhyme scheme but it is
almost written in verse. The last section is the most structured part
of the poem, the bit that starts, 'The other relics' The whole way
through the poem the author is criticising the struggling towns
peoples attempts at trying to rebuild their city. He says things like,
'punctually the electric chimes ring out across the tidy waste,
Their doleful public hymn-the tune unrecognisable, evangelist.'
This really makes me feel sorry for those people that survived, it
also makes me feel a bit annoyed with Kirkup. Those people are trying
their best to regain a sense of normality and all that he can do is
make fun of them.