Essay PreviewMore ↓
1) Subject - The subject is the noun or the pronoun that performs the action of the verb in a sentence. In literary usage, the subject is the the idea about which something is being said. Predicate- The predicate of a sentence is the verb
2) Sentence - A sentence is a grammatical unit that is syntactically independent and has a subject that is expressed or, as in imperative sentences, understood and a predicate that contains at least one finite verb.
ex. Joey ran to catch the elevator.
3) Phrase - A phrase is two or more words in sequence that form a syntactic unit that is less than a complete sentence. A collection of grammatically-related words without a subject or without a predicate is considered a phrase.
4) Introductory Phrase - a phrased used in the beginning of a sentence of paragraph
ex. "Friends, Romans, countrymen....lend me your ears!"
5) Conjunction - A conjunction is the part of speech that serves to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences...such as and, but, and because.
6) Clause - A clause is a collection of grammatically-related words including a predicate and a subject (though sometimes is the subject is implied). ex. I like to eat bagels Introductory Clause - An independent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought. An independent clause is a sentence.
ex. Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz.
Dependant Clause - A dependent clause is a group of words that contains a subject and verb but does not express a complete thought. A dependent clause cannot be a sentence.
ex. When Jim studied in the Sweet Shop for his chemistry quiz . . .
7) Antecedent - The word, phrase, or clause that determines what a pronoun refers to.
ex. The teacher asked the children where they were going.
Relative Pronoun - A pronoun that introduces a relative clause and has reference to an antecedent ex. The child who is wearing the hat.
8) Introductory Conjunction -
9) I went to the movies with Joey, Andrew, Amy, and Michelle
Julie, Sara, and I went to the grocery store last night.
How to Cite this Page
"Grammar Basics." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Feb 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction Writing in an educational setting is essential. Writing in a real world setting is also essential. So why is the emphasis of teaching basic writing skills going away. As a teacher in a sixth grade classroom in Utah, I see students who cannot form a complete sentence let alone a solid paragraph. Many students do not capitalize the beginnings of their sentences or end them with proper punctuation marks. Forming a complete thought seems to be a skill beyond many of these students grasp.... [tags: Education, writing skills]
2317 words (6.6 pages)
- Imagine taking a language arts final and pulling an absolute blank. This test could be the difference between passing and failing this year, but every lesson taught has escaped memory. Scanning the test, a few unfamiliar words stand out. Adverb, subordinating conjunction, singular pronoun, what?. Palms sweating and heart racing, panic begins to take over. These terms were not covered in language arts class. A failing grade would be detrimental to grades and future plans. It counts for the majority of a language arts grade.... [tags: passing, failing, language, arts]
1675 words (4.8 pages)
- Teaching Grammar as a Parent As a parent how do you teach grammar. Children learn from their parents; what they do and how they do it. Of course, children learn from their teachers, as well as, other children. But most of all, children learn from their everyday surroundings and environment. Some parents think that once their children are in school, they can relax and let the education system take charge. But this is not the case at all. Based on my own experience, my husband and I have had an even greater influence on our children’s academic results than the school system.... [tags: Papers]
1139 words (3.3 pages)
- As we move through the levels of our education, we start to learn more and more things. For example, when we start to learn math, we learn how to add or subtract numbers, before we learn how to complete an algebraic formula. In English we learn the basics such as verbs, nouns, and predicates, before we learn how to write an essay. For example, .we should not rush our thoughts on paper, but instead we should take time and find what we really want to write about. When we are asked to write a paper, we cannot just type out in a day and think its turntable the next day, we have to go back to that rough draft and improve it.... [tags: grammar, writing skills]
536 words (1.5 pages)
- Writing is a unique way of using language. It is an effective, interpersonal way of communication presented through signs and symbols. George Orwell said that ˝ Good writing is like a windowpane˝. Due to the actuality that most students are asses based on the academic writing papers they produce and that is the case for both college and university, there is no need to emphasise the importance if this kind of writing. English language departments played great role in teaching writing, and in developing a general idea of what is to be considered as good writing.... [tags: academic paper, grammar, writing, language]
912 words (2.6 pages)
- Nine out of ten people you see nowadays are either looking down at their cell phone, scrolling through their social media feed or talking with someone. This is because technology is everywhere. This advanced technology has completely changed the way we communicate. It’s changed just about everything about us to the way we interact with one another. Now, the question is, how has this been affecting the way we communicate with each other. For the most part, verbal communication has gone from face to face contact to technological contact in such a short period of time.... [tags: Mobile phone, Writing, Text messaging, Grammar]
1007 words (2.9 pages)
- Descriptive Grammar Vs. Prescriptive Grammar When grammar is put to use in a society, people will often have different beliefs at what is the "right" or "proper" usage. This had led to the formation of two widely accepted forms of grammar, Prescriptivism and Descriptivism. These forms will often separate those who believe their form of grammar is the only correct way from those who use many forms they find to be acceptable. Descriptive grammar is formed by analyzing how speakers use a language, and deducing the rules they follow.... [tags: Linguistics, Grammar, Syntax, Sociolinguistics]
1211 words (3.5 pages)
- Grammar has two primary approaches—prescriptive and descriptive. Prescriptive grammar is the general approach of right versus wrong, and historically the kind of approach overzealous English teachers apply to their students. Popular culture has lovingly deemed the rigid prescriptive grammarian the “Grammar Nazi,” which actually refers to the grade school graduate who clings tightly to the Latin based traditional rules and enforces those rules online. Due to these perspectives and due to various studies performed in classrooms, many have been rebuffing the study of grammar in schools.... [tags: Grammar and Writing]
2583 words (7.4 pages)
- Summary of “On the Need of Some Grammar” 1. In his chapter “On the Need of Some Grammar” found in Modern American Usage, Wilson Follett argues that we need grammar to govern our language. 2. Follett explains that the type of grammar we need is traditional. A traditional approach to grammar involves an emphasis on syntax. Syntax deals with how words relate to each other in a sentence. This knowledge of how words work together provides the type of logical analysis necessary to speak and write correctly.... [tags: Linguistics, Grammar, Linguistic prescription]
1186 words (3.4 pages)
- Descriptive grammar is the set of rules on how people actually use the language; but the important part is the rules over history for Standard English, which is known as prescriptive grammar. Prescriptive grammar is used more as an aid to learning grammar because it is what editors and teachers think people should use when speaking and writing. The teachers and editors are the ones who are said to make up the prescriptive grammar rules now (Cruzan). Since then prescriptive grammar has changed throughout time because language has changed.... [tags: Linguistics, Grammar, Education]
1002 words (2.9 pages)
10) Adjectives preceeding a noun ex. The dark, twisted hallway seemed to stretch for miles. ex. The small, hairy, fat man stared at me with a piercing glare.
11) Nonrestricive Modifiers - A non-restrictive modifier is a phrase or clause that does not restrict or limit the meaning of the word it is modifying. It is, in a sense, interrupting material that adds extra information to a sentence. ex. Nick, being the smart one of the group, locked the door behind him to keep out unwanted guests.
ex2. Andrew, having earned an extra $50 in a card game, bought drinks for everyone that night.
12) Restrictive Modifiers - A restrictive modifier is a phrase or clause that limits the meaning of what it modifies and is essential to the basic idea expressed in the sentence. You should not set off restrictive elements with commas. ex. My driving (with one exception) is exemplary ex2. My driving -- with one exception -- is exemplary.
13) Conjunctive Adverb - You can use a conjunctive adverb to join two clauses together. Some of the most common conjunctive adverbs are ``also,'' ``consequently,'' ``finally,'' ``furthermore,'' ``hence,'' ``however,'' ``incidentally,'' ``indeed,'' ``instead,'' ``likewise,'' ``meanwhile,'' ``nevertheless,'' ``next,'' ``nonetheless,'' ``otherwise,'' ``still,'' ``then,'' ``therefore,'' and ``thus.'' A conjunctive adverb is not strong enough to join two independant clauses with the aid of a semicolon. ex. We did not have all the ingredients necessary; therefore, we decided to order pizza ex2. I waited in line for about 3 hours; finally, the door opened.
14) Apposotive - When two words, clauses, or phrases stand close together and share the same part of the sentence, they are in apposition and are called appositives.
ex. My brother the research associate works at a large polling firm
15) You will usually use the semicolon to link independant clauses not joined by a co-ordinating conjunction. Semicolons should join only those independent clauses that are closely related in meaning. ex. Abdominal exercises help prevent back pain; proper posture is also important. ex2. The auditors made six recommendations; however, only one has been adopted so far.
16) A punctuation mark ( : ) used after a word introducing a quotation, an explanation, an example, or a series and often after the salutation of a business letter. ex. There is only one thing to do: confess now while you still have time ex2. Teh directo often used her favorite quote from Shakespeare's The Tempest: "We are such stuff as dreams are made......." ex3. The charter review committee now includes the following people:
the mayor the chief of police the fire chief
17) I do not recognize its(')? face.
18) I believe it's there for us to use.
19) I am not going there, even if it meant all the wealth in this world.
20) I should go borrow their chainsaw for a day.
21) I was sitting in my room, in front of my computer. It was a long morning, and I have been feeling under the weather for the past couple of days. I have been trying to get switched a different English class...one with a buddy of mine. Of course, my advisor is an idiot and I have yet to hear from him.
The afternoon rolled around steadily, and the time for class is approaching. I guess I have to print this out and head on over there, but every limb in my body ached with with the pain a virus brings to an unsuspecting victim.