In their 2012 article, Gelles and Perlman state, “Victims of child maltreatment are at high risk for a host of adverse short and long-term outcomes, including chronic health problems, mental health issues, developmental delays, poor educational well-being, and future involvement with the criminal justice system” (p. 2). These children have a higher risk of committing crimes, poor school performance and experiencing emotional and sexual problems as well as substance and alcohol abuse problems (About Child Abuse). This is a huge social problem considering that a child is abused or neglected every thirty-five seconds in the United States (Lawal & Alley, 2015).
Every hour each day, in each county and community across the state, an allegation of child abuse in Tennessee is reported (Child Abuse Statistics). In 2015, there were 71,216 reported child abuse victims throughout the state of Tennessee. This number has steadily increased since 2012 when there reported number was 59, 180 (Reported Child Abuse Cases).
Without early and proper intervention, such as prevention, over 75% of these children that are abused or neglected will repeat the cycle by becoming the abuser or the abused once again (About Child Abuse). This cycle of abuse can arise when children, who have experienced abuse or witnessed violence, learn to use physical p...
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...r, Wolchik & Mackinnon, 2012).
However, because relatively few home-visiting programs have collected adequate measure of child abuse and neglect, additional child and parent measures are needed to understand the full effect of home-visiting programs on the family and child well-being (Howard & Brooks-Gunn, 2009).
Statement of Need: With promising results from other studies, it is evident that there is a need for a home-visiting child abuse prevention program that will collect further data by using adequate measures of child abuse and neglect (Howard & Brooks-Gunn, 2009). To address these needs, the current proposal is seeking to implement child abuse programs in Clarksville, TN. These programs will utilize theoretical models to make evaluating the home-visit based program easier in order to contribute to the field of Social Work in regards to child abuse prevention.
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