In this assignment is will distinguish the difference between each section and what makes them different from each other. I will outline the distinguishing features of the different levels and what function they provide.
The Cervical Vertebrae
The cervical (Cx) spine is made up of 7 vertebrae bones. These bones are named cervical 1 (C1) through to Cervical 7 (C7). Typical cervical vertebra, C3-C6, have many things in common. All have vertebral bodies and posterior vertebral arches. The arch is formed by bony structures called pedicles and lamina. There are five joints between all adjoining cervical vertebrae except between C1-C2 (atypical vertebrae), anterior round disc separating vertebral bodies, and four synovial facet joints posterior, one pair that connects to the vertebra above (superior facets), and one pair that connects to the vertebra below (inferior facets). The 3 other vertebrae C1, C2 and C7 are atypical. (Moore, K & Dalley, A 2004, pp 482-485) See illustration 1 (appendix) for cervical spine and its main processes.
Cervical 1- The C1, also known as the Atlas, is the very first bone that sits under the occipital bone of the skull. The Atlas is different to the other vertebrae because it has no vertebral bod...
... middle of paper ...
...ally Oriented Anatomy, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, p 483, table 4.1
Moore, K, Arthur, D 2006, Clinically Oriented Anatomy, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, p 489, table 4.2
Moore, K, Arthur, D 2006, Clinically Oriented Anatomy, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, p 491, table 4.3
Netter, F 2006, Atlas of Human Anatomy, Saunders Elsevier, Pennsylvania, p153, plate 153
Palastanga, N, Field, D, Soames, R 2002, Anatomy and Human Movement, Butterwoth- Heinmann, Oxford
Skeletal sturcture, Viewed 27 May 2010,
Thoracic Spine Anatomy, viewed 17 May 2010,
Waugh, A, Grant, A 2008, Anatomy and Physiology, Elsevier, London
Pal Singh, A, Human Spine- Anatomy of Thoracic Spine, viewed 20 May 2010,
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Vertebral Subluxation The vertebral subluxation is the cornerstone of chiropractic practice. It is the goal of chiropractors to find it and correct it, to ensure the fullest expression of innate intelligence in an organism. There is no bigger or more important job, that one could think of, to benefit his fellow man than to restore proper nerve flow. Chiropractic deals with the nervous system. The brain controls all cells of the body through an aggregated bundle of nerve fibers that exit the skull and pass through twenty-four freely movable bones called vertebra.... [tags: Papers]
863 words (2.5 pages)
- Sacred Rage in The Fifth Column In The Fifth Column, the hero, who has become finally indistinguishable from the false or publicity Hemingway, has here dosed himself with whiskey; a seductive and desirous woman, for whom he has the most admirable reasons for not taking any responsibility; sacred rage; the excitement of bombardment; and indulgence in that headiest of sports, for which he has now the same excellent reasons -- the bagging of human beings. You may be afraid, after reading The Fifth Column, that Hemingway will never sober up; but as you go on in the new volume in which it appears, which includes also his most recent short stories, you find that your apprehensions were unfoun... [tags: The Fifth Column Essays]
1599 words (4.6 pages)
- The change in bauplan between proconsul and the last common ancestor was due to a change in behavior. There is a general trend of increasing body size in the Miocene apes, as their body size increased they would become unable to take advantage of the same resources. For example, once their body weight reached a certain point they would be too heavy for above branch quadrapedalism. Due to the decreasing likelihood of a successful leap the bauplan changed to allow for a different locomotive behavior, most likely clambering.... [tags: Human, Hominidae, Chimpanzee, Vertebra]
737 words (2.1 pages)
- Abstract—Understanding the relationship between repetitive lifting and the breakdown of disc tissue over several years of exposure is difﬁcult to study in vivo and in vitro. The aim of this investigation was to develop an asymmetric Porovisco elastic ﬁnite element model of a lumbar motion segment that reﬂects the biological properties and behaviors of in vivo disc Finite element predictions were compared to in vivo measurements published by Tyrrell et al. (1985) of percent change in total stature for two loading protocols, short-term creep loading and standing recovery and short-term cyclic loading with standing recovery.... [tags: Biology, Tissues]
747 words (2.1 pages)
- The Ionic Column Throughout history, art has become the main source for entertainment, enlightenment, and acknowledgement. It entertains those who are bored in the everyday life. It enlightens those who seek another world and those who seek beauty with wild imaginations. It acknowleges those who seek development in nature and their own world. From the cave drawings of Paleolithic art in Lascaux , to the Ancient Egyptian pyramids, and to the classical Greek sculptures, art is a never ending cycle of productions and reproductions passed on from one generation to the next, and from one culture to the next.... [tags: Art Columns Architecture History Essays]
1988 words (5.7 pages)
- Accordingly, on the day of surgery, I was extremely nervous about the procedure. Again, my neurosurgeon addressed the pros and cons of undergoing the vertebral disc replacement and fusion. Also, he reiterated the 50 percent chance of success or failure. He did not want me to have an unrealistic view of the expected outcome, as well as, he discussed that if my pain was decreased by 50 percent, then the surgery would be considered a success and we would have achieved our goal. At that time, he also elaborated on how the procedure would be performed, the anticipated length of the surgery, as well as, how long I would have to remain in the hospital.... [tags: Nursing, Nursing theory, Anesthesia, Pain]
1716 words (4.9 pages)
- ... If we did not have these components separately we will be able to do the simplest things in our daily life. For example, gasoline and diesel are used to fuel engines in automobiles and higher vehicles. Purifying mixture For example if a mixture is of oil and dirt we could distill the mixture which leaves the dirt separately. For example, if we have dirt in oil that we got from distillation of crude oil from its component we can purify it and make uses of the oil. Desalinizing water In the gulf countries, industries distill ocean water into portable water because of the absence of lakes and natural resource of clean water.... [tags: uses in different industries]
1942 words (5.5 pages)
- The city of Rome delivers rich culture, influential architecture, and beautiful scenery that collectively demonstrate a course of great history and a prominent civilization. There are various structures from Imperial Rome that are highly recognized and mentioned within artistic research. Some examples include the Pantheon, Basilica Ulpia, Flavian Amphitheater, Arch of Titus, and Column of Trajan. Also referred to as Trajan’s Column, the iconic sculpture retains a prestigious appearance as it’s shown with characteristics of empowering height and intricate detail (Fig.... [tags: iconic sculptures in Rome]
1405 words (4 pages)
- The Column of Antoninus Pius was a Roman triumphal column dedicated to honor the Roman emperor Antoninus Pius and his wife Faustina the Elder by his successors, co-emperors Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus, in 161 A.D. The column alone was 14.75 meters high and 1.90 meters in diameter, which was composed, of red granite, with no reliefs on the column like other triumphal columns such as those of Trajan and Marcus Aurelius. The column itself has been lost to history, however the base expresses iconography that art historians are still studying and interpreting today.... [tags: rome, emperor, death]
739 words (2.1 pages)
- The Greek Column A French champagne cognac with a Centaur trademark, called Remy Martin, is featured in several magazine advertisements resting on a column in various positions. The one being analyzed in this article shows the bottle of Remy Martin and a pair of glasses placed on top of a column so tall that it reaches above the clouds. It invites the viewer: "Want to come up for a drink sometime?" At the bottom right corner, the Centaur logo is repeated, along with a short description of its origin and a complimentary video offer.... [tags: Architecture Architectural Essays History]
1596 words (4.6 pages)