Essay PreviewMore ↓
In reading both Whitman's "Civil War Diary" and Hachiya's "Hiroshima Diary" the suffering of humanity and the aftermath of war remain the same: the people suffer, the lands are destroyed and life is never the same.
Through daily entries in "Civil War Diary," Whitman virtually pens his thoughts as they occur, writing his vivid and heart wrenching observations. In "Hiroshima Diary," Hachiya's memories are similar to those of Whitman in the manner that they have affected his life and that of his fellow country-men. Despite over 80 years between the time of these writings, and the vast cultural differences between the two authors and their countries, the shock, the fear, and the sadness depicted were a direct parallel.
In "Hiroshima Diary" by Michihiko Hachiya, the author describes the wartime use of a "500 ton bomb" and later, upon learning that it was no such thing, refers to the atomic bomb as the "new weapon" used to destroy the city of Hiroshima. The Doctor's memoirs begin two days after the atom bomb was dropped this because of his having been injured as a result of the event.
At the actual time of the dropping of the A-bomb, Doctor Hachiya was at home resting after a rough night at the nearby hospital where he held the position of Director and Attending Physician. The affects of the bomb sent the Doctor to his knees; then, upon looking out the window, he was taken aback by a strong light that quickly turned into an eerie, dark haze. This aftermath, as seen in his garden quickly spread to the interior of his home which was also severely damaged by the quaking of the earth. Within moments the doctor became a victim of this tragic event, quite the opposite of his normal role as a healer. He goes from the calming medical doctor to a patient bleeding and in panic over what might have happened to his beloved wife. Within moments of his fearful calling out, Doctor Hachiya locates his wife whose only ability is to gesture to him. Together they seek a way out of the shaking house before it collapses. Once into the street Doctor Hachiya becomes overwhelmed by weakness and is unable to continue on; he tells his wife to go on and try to get help.
How to Cite this Page
"1862 Versus 1945 War Is War." 123HelpMe.com. 21 May 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- THE BATTLE OF FORT DONELSON IN 1862 Introduction When thinking about historical and decisive battles that were fought in the Civil War, most people would think of The Battle of Gettysburg or the bloodiest day of the war at The Battle of Antietam. The mention of The Battle of Fort Donelson in 1862 would probably get mostly blank stares and questions about where this battle occurred. To say that one battle is more important than the other on the grand scheme of the Civil War is foolish, because each inch of ground gained through each battle contributed to the final outcome of the Civil War.... [tags: battle, civil war, action, history]
1609 words (4.6 pages)
- On May 20th of 1862, President Abraham Lincoln signed, and put into effect, the Homestead Act of 1862. The Homestead Act opened up more than half a million square miles in the Western half the the United States during the Civil War. The Homestead Act was a major turning point in American History. It was a huge milestone for American history because its consequences included implications during the Civil War, but also paved the way for westward expansion within the United States. The Homestead Act of 1862 stated that, “..any person who is the head of the family..... [tags: Abraham Lincoln, American Civil War, Slavery]
1415 words (4 pages)
- Introduction: In the year 1862 during the civil war congress implemented the first income tax in America. It was 3% per year. However, it was not until 1913 when the 16th Amendment to the Constitution was passed, which granted the government the ability to impose a tax on individuals’ income. Since then it has been an issue to determine how much people should be taxed. Tax rates in America change drastically; for example, in 1963 a person in the highest tax bracket would give 90.8% of their income to the government.... [tags: Tax, Taxation, Value added tax, Income tax]
1658 words (4.7 pages)
- “The Eastern Front is a house of cards. If it is broken at one point, the rest will all collapse.” - Generaloberst Heinz Guderian The ultimate fate of the Third Reich was no longer in question by January of 1945. There was little doubt that the reign of terror that it had forced upon the world would soon be over. The only matter remaining was how quickly it would all end. Although Germany formally surrendered five months later on 8 May 1945, I would argue that barring a number of strategic leadership failures committed by Adolf Hitler during those final months, the final termination of war with Germany would have taken much longer.... [tags: hitler failure, third reich,nazis]
1344 words (3.8 pages)
- The Development of the Cold War in Europe after 1945 After World War Two, there was an increasing interest in the idea of a United Europe. Soviet Russia and Western European Capitalist states had no common interests despite the wartime alliance, which was no longer valid. There was growing hostility between the United States and Soviet Russia that developed in to a Cold War. This essay will suggest that the development of the Cold War in Europe was a result of differences in political ideologies and a lack of compromise and agreement.... [tags: Papers]
1515 words (4.3 pages)
- The Homestead Act of 1862 was signed into order by our late president Abraham Lincoln. The Homestead Act transferred over 200 million acres of public land into private land for purchase. Anybody who wanted to move west just had to file for land usually it was like 160 acres and after five years of living there it was theirs for free or after 6 months they could purchase it for a dollar and sixty two cents an acre. Settlers would set out in search of gold and land. The land wash harsh and much more suitable for raising cattle as compared to farming.... [tags: Native Americans in the United States, Sioux]
719 words (2.1 pages)
- The Reasons Communists Won the Civil War from 1945 to 1949 During the eighty years of war between Japan and China, four million Chinese people were killed and another sixty million made homeless. During this time there had been continuous up-roar between two political parties. These being the CCP and the GMD. Whilst the CCP were aiming to rid Japan and China of foreign influence, as well as aiding Peasants, the GMD was more focussed on attacking the CCP. The group that came out stronger than at the start of the war with Japan was the CCP.... [tags: Papers]
545 words (1.6 pages)
- The Reasons for the Growth of Prussia’s Influence in Germany by 1862 In 1815 there was no such thing as a German State or Nation. In the geographical area known as Germany the most powerful state was Austria which was the biggest factor in the increase of Prussia’s influence by 1862. Prussia was the second most powerful state but she was far behind Austria politically and economically. In 1815 the Austrian foreign minister Metternich made a big mistake by giving Prussia the area of Westphalia and the Rhineland.... [tags: Papers]
1038 words (3 pages)
- 1945 The year is 1945. The world has finally started to recover from the great depression and things are starting to go well economically. Swing music and dancing along with jazz are in full swing. Women are starting to be seen more in the work place and our boys were winning the war. People seem happy on the outside, but on the inside people are living in fear. All over the world mothers are wondering if their sons are going to make it home alive from the war. Wives of these brave men are wondering the same.... [tags: Papers]
762 words (2.2 pages)
- World War 2 And The Cuban Revolution Of 1945 Perhaps Noam Chomsky best summed up the French sentiment toward World War 2 when he said, "History hath triumphed over time, which besides it nothing but eternity hath triumphed over." (Herotodus 92) Although it was not clear in 1940, we now know that World War 2 was actually a monumental conspiracy by the French lower-class in their attempt to distract its citizens from the democracy of the New Historicism movement. This claim is supported by three moving facts: the Italian Declaration of 1777, the Mao Zedong Rebellion of 1917, and the Imperialism manifesto written by Noam Chomsky.... [tags: essays research papers]
758 words (2.2 pages)
While the naked Doctor covered with blood and fallout debris, rests on the roadside, he watches people much like himself, as they aimlessly wander about in a state of shock. They too are without clothing or with mere tattered rags left on their bloody staggering bodies. There is but one question on every, staring face - what happened ?
As soon as his physical strength permitted, which was some two days later, we see Michihiko Hachiya go from the civilian victim back to his professional-self, the doctor. Doctor Hachiya returns to his hospital, immediately undertaking care of those in need of medical attention. In the diary entries that follow, Doctor Hachiya enters into, and records, various dialogues with his patients as to their memories as well as his own. Only through speaking with as many people as possible could he learn what each believed had happened; the newspapers and news media were not in existence due to the bombing. The only one thing that all seemed to agree was that a new weapon had been used to cause this devastation and destruction.
Doctor Hachiya's horrific memories come alive as he recalls walking through streets of rubble, tripping and falling along the way. He reflects upon having nearly tripped over a young officer's head, and relived the moment when he and his wife stood on the street in shock as they saw houses swaying and collapsing one by one. Still, it was the "unknown weapon" that left his city in ruins, his countrymen homeless and in despair. In the days that followed, symptoms of the injured and ailing were those of unknown diseases. It was clear to the medical staff that the new disease pattern and the symptoms seemed were clearly caused by the "new weapon".
In "Civil War Diary," Walt Whitman describes his experiences at a field hospital in Washington DC, while volunteering to care for the sick and wounded. Mr. Whitman, through various titled diary entries, writes about how he dealt with the injured soldiers from both the North and the South. He includes his personal reactions to the injuries seen, to his ability or inability to help the wounded, and often times expresses his frustration at seeing the perils of war.
In a diary entry entitled "Down At The Front," Mr. Whitman relates the horrors of having seen body parts lying on the ground, dead bodies of Rebel soldiers his age and younger. This segment is a parallel to the horror seen by Doctor Hachiya when looking down upon the young soldiers head.
Apart from the battleground and back in the hospital, Mr. Whitman visits the dying, offering to write letters to their families. He comforts those in need and talks wit those who are able to communicate. His objective, like that of Doctor Hachiya, is to do anything humanly possible to comfort those so grossly affected by the war.
In an entry entitled "Fifty Hours Left Wounded On The Field" Walt Whitman tells of a chance encounter with a Southerner who had been waiting among the crowded cots for some fifty hours without medical attention, except that offered by a secessionist man of middle age who administered first aid. The Rebel soldier had been passed over by his own troops who cared not what happed to him; they cared but for themselves. Had it not been for the secessionist and the medical attention received following the soon-called truce, the soldier would not have survived. Had it not been for Whitman's kindness and caring, the man would have continued in his solitude and fear.
In another touching entry, entitled "Two Brothers, One South, One North," Walt Whitman relates what the Civil War was really about. He tells of caring for a dying southern soldier and how, in fact, it mattered not whether the man was from the North or South. The man was a human being in need of medical care which was precisely what Walt Whitman had volunteered to provide. Once again, we see a parallel to Doctor Hachiya who provided medical care to anyone in need.
The events of a chance meeting take on a strange turn when, in another ward, Walt Whitman meets the Rebel soldier's brother who is also wounded and dying; the brother is a Yankee soldier. The quote that most summarizes this event is "Both fought on their respective sides, both badly wounded, and both brought together here after a separation of four years. Each dies for his cause." This meeting of "sides" is a prime example of how war has historically impacted upon families.
The fifth entry "The Real War Will Never Get In The Books" talks about the war being indescribable by words yet how a diary could capture much of the true story. War, as seen through the eyes of a soldier is not usually a welcomed topic of conversation. The depths of the tragic events of war go to the very core of one's being with the sadness remaining throughout life.
In comparing Whitman's "Civil War Diary" and Hachiya's "Hiroshima Diary" both depict the horrific aftermath of war and its everlasting negative effects on those who endured the sufferings. Be the diary one that is penned daily or one that is written on a delayed basis, the sadness is real and relived within each entry. The reality of war is seen through the eyes of the individual writer and from that person's prospective. Regardless, war remains war, best described by one word: horrific.