For the majority, the region of Mongolia is a high flat landmass with extreme temperature changes, strong winds and low levels of humidity; conditions of a continental climate. This climate brings about great seasonal differences with winter being long and cold while summer is short and warm. The harsh, open terrain of Mongolia is unsheltered from the winds and major storm systems, and as the latitude increases, precipitation is limited to smaller amounts where trees yield to grasslands and treeless plains. The local herders rely on breeding as a resource and do not exploit the land for agricultural purposes. A traditional dwelling suitable for the country’s climate and the local’s way of life is the ger, also know as yurt. Since the locals were regularly moving from one location to another with herds of animals, the ger had to be wheeled by their livestock. However, not long ago theses nomadic houses started being designed in a way to collapse and fold so that they can be transported on animals’ backs and unfolded, returning to their original form, when the herders arrive to their destination (Ministry of Tourism of Mongolia, 2002).
The Mongolian ger has two main constituent parts; a wooden skeletal structure, consisting of the wooden lattice-work walls, straight struts, a roof wheel and supporting posts, and a felt cover. Before the herders migrate over vast expanses of steppes, they construct their house using local materials in places which receive more precipitation. Such a place is Darhad Valley, for example, which provides plentiful amounts of wood, where gers are still the most prominent living quarters to this day. The size of the structure depends on the number of walls making the ger, with each wall con...
... middle of paper ...
Little, B., & Morton, T. (2001). Building with earth in scotland : Innovative design and sustainability. Retrieved from http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/156686/0042109.pdf
Ministry of Tourism of Mongolia. (2002). Mongolia information. Retrieved from http://www.asia-planet.net/mongolia/culture.htm
Ness Historical Society. (n.d.). The ‘Blackhouse’. Retrieved from http://www.c-e-n.org/blackhouse.htm
Oliver, P. (Ed.). (1997). Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World (Vols. 1 - 3). New York, NY : Cambridge University Press.
The Drachman Institute. (2008). House form and culture. Retrieved from http://www.drachmaninstitute.org/sites/default/files/House_Form&Culture.pdf
Wright, K. (2005). Traditional Mongolian ger. Retrieved from http://www.bioregions.org/pdfs/GerOwnersPamphlet.pdf
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Mongolian Ger For the majority, the region of Mongolia is a high flat landmass with extreme temperature changes, strong winds and low levels of humidity; conditions of a continental climate. This climate brings about great seasonal differences with winter being long and cold while summer is short and warm. The harsh, open terrain of Mongolia is unsheltered from the winds and major storm systems, and as the latitude increases, precipitation is limited to smaller amounts where trees yield to grasslands and treeless plains.... [tags: Architecture]
896 words (2.6 pages)
- Hebridean Black House The Black House located on the Hebridean islands of Scotland’s west coast stand for one of the earliest type of house forms of this region. This entire region has substantially high levels of humidity as a result of the maritime climate. Although the temperature in winter is generally moderate, the moisture in the air and the mist give the impression of cold weather. However, the predominant climatic factor are the prevailing westerly winds, influenced by the Atlantic ocean.... [tags: Architecture]
862 words (2.5 pages)
- Mali is an African country. It is located in the hot desert in West Africa. The capital is Bamako .Mali has different type of Climate: tropical climate in the south and arid climate in the north. Droughts are frequent and the rainfall all over the country is negligible. It has two main seasons, the wet season from June to October and the cool and hot dry season the remainder of the year. We find some species of trees such as the doom palm, the baobab, and leguminous fruit bearing plants. History of Mali is very rich because of its very heterogeneous ethnic groups who did a lot in the past.... [tags: Mali, Dogon, Festival]
1116 words (3.2 pages)
- Positioned across two separate, immediate islands, Malaysia has always been primed for a strong foreign influence through rich international trade. The influences of Hindu India, Christian Europe, and the Islamic Middle East, converged to create a diverse populous. However, Malaysia's exposure also granted vulnerability and eventual colonialism under multiple countries, most notably Great Britain. Through Britain's tenure, Western and Eastern ideology and design fused together to bring fourth major changes that would forever leave a distinctive mark on Malaysian history, design, and culture.... [tags: architecture, modern mosques]
1475 words (4.2 pages)
- Regionalism in Asia is more about the pursuit of identity and less about performance; it does not contribute anything meaningful to the Green agenda of the 21st century. Regionalism is a process; integration is its product. Understanding Regionalist architecture Vernacular and native are two words more often than not associated, and these two concepts generally refer to a language or dialect of a people, associated with architecture given a qualitative status. Discussing the importance of vernacular architecture was the main point of study published by Oliver in his book, ‘Built to Meet Needs: Cultural Issues In Vernacular Architecture’.... [tags: vernacular, culture, vision]
759 words (2.2 pages)
- Having a sense of belonging is one of several fundamental human needs and national identity refers to a person’s sense of belonging to one country with its history, values and traditions. Since achieving independence in 1957, the issue of Malaysia’s national identity has been in the spotlight due to its strong social, political and economical factors implication. As a multi-cultural country, the search for a national identity is not an easy undertaking as Malaysians consist of different ethnics such as Malay, Chinese and Indian.... [tags: Architecture]
2174 words (6.2 pages)
- Abstract: Contemporary architects have a wide variety of sources to gain inspiration from, but this has not always been the case. How did modernism effect sources of inspiration. What did post-modernism do to liberate the choice of influences. Now that Contemporary architects have the freedom of choice, how are they using “traditional” styles and materials to inspire them. Even after modernism why are traditional styles still around. Through the modern era technologies evolved and avant garde was not just a matter of being ahead in you design concepts,.... [tags: architecture]
1649 words (4.7 pages)
- In this essay, I will be discussing how Charles Rennie Mackintosh has contributed to Scottish architecture. I will investigate his influences and how he affected architecture in Scotland over his lifetime. Born on 7th June 1868 in Glasgow, Mackintosh became interested in architecture as a profession from an early age, and, at the age of sixteen secured an apprenticeship with John Hutchison. In order to complete his apprenticeship, he enrolled in the Glasgow School of Art in 1884, where he met Margaret MacDonald, an artist and his future wife.... [tags: Architecture]
1087 words (3.1 pages)
- Preceded by the Nara Period, Heian Japan was the apogee of Japanese aristocratic culture. This period had a well-defined system of hierarchy and order that contributed a large deal of importance to society at that time. Works of poetry and fiction were valued in society. Despite the integration of Chinese influences into Japanese culture, distinct Japanese nativity still managed to bloom in some works of art. Dissecting the dualism of gender, it was widely accepted that women wrote in traditional Japanese style, termed kana, and men wrote in the “borrowed” Chinese language.... [tags: hierarchy, importance, society]
946 words (2.7 pages)
- From my opinion off what I have gathered, I came to an understanding that Critical regionalism can be seen as an approach to architecture that tries to stand up for places culture and identifies the identity of a place where Modern Architecture has failed to, by using the building's geographical context and reference of vernacular architecture. The term critical regionalism was first used by Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre and, with a somewhat different meaning, by Kenneth Frampton. Critical regionalism could be considered as a particular kind of post-modern response.... [tags: le corbusier, building types]
2119 words (6.1 pages)