The labeling perspective looks at how people may be more likely to commit a crime when labeled as a criminal. (Conklin, 2013, p. 194) The following will analyze various demographics by displaying how the labeling perspective may explain the variations in crime along with any reward or risks.
Communities are an important factor when looking at ways to help deterring crime, however when looking at Urban, we find that the rate of crime is much higher than suburban communities. (Conklin, 2013, p. 73). To apply how the labeling theory may help explain this, a look at lower income communities could aid in teenagers feeling labeled since there is a stigma with poverty and crime. (Conklin, 2013, p. 180). Moreover, criminal role models are more influential in these types of communities, consequently leaving few legitimately successful adults for role models. (Conklin, 2013, p. 180).
Parents contribute to how the variation between boys and girls exist with delinquency. Whenever girls are involved in adult sexual activities, parents react in a way that infers a negative label. (Conklin, 2013, p. 194). Boys, on the other hand, seemingly are handled differently by their parents. This may help us explain why a lot of girls are brought into juvenile court for reasons related to their "adult" sexual activities. (Conklin, 2013, p. 194).
Age. Labeling effects adolescents in a way that seems to feel they are only worthy of continuing crime. Whenever an adolescent commits minor vandalism or petty theft, it has little effect on their wanting to continue in crime. (Conklin, 2013, p. 194). However, this changes when they are caught, arrested, and brought to court. Although eff...
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...ing becomes apparent when lower-class delinquents violate the law. They are looked upon as poorly educated, lack of opportunities, and having other defects of social structure. (Conklin, 2013, p. 194). They are motivated by values such as autonomy, toughness, and excitement. Very little is considered to be risked other than jail time since there is much to gain. Middle class 's stereotype is of lack of commitment to adult roles and values. (Conklin, 2013, p. 194). Nonetheless, Upper class, consisting mostly of white collar crime, tend not to view themselves as a "real criminal" since very few of them are arrested, convicted, and imprisoned. Most feel their offenses are "technical violations of governmental regulation." (Conklin, 2013, p. 196). This creates a very contrasted reward to risk ratio since the rewards can be quite significant. (Conklin, 2013, p. 196)
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