Valvular Heart Disease Is Responsible For More Than 22 000 Deaths Essay

Valvular Heart Disease Is Responsible For More Than 22 000 Deaths Essay

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Valvular heart disease is responsible for more than 22 000 deaths each year in the United States. (Patel, Green et al 2014). Thousands of people live long healthy lives not knowing the they have valvular disease. Due to this, majority of these deaths are from the elderly population. Those who are succumbed to this disease, apart from those who attained it due to congenital reasons, usually have another disease of the heart or vascular system such as coronary disease or hypertension. The risk factors “ include male sex, smoking, hypertension, elevated low‐density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), coronary atherosclerosis, congenital bicuspid valve, and advanced age ( Patel, Green et al 2014). According to article, men are at a higher risk for valvular disease than women, however, advanced age is the most significant risk factor for attaining this disease. When patients become symptomatic, the treatments of valvular stenosis become necessary in order to increase the quantity of blood needed for systemic circulation, thus prolonging quality of life.
Valvular stenosis is the hardening of the valves in the heart: mitral, tricuspid, pulmonary, and/or aortic. Stenotic valves are either too thick, stiff, or are fused together causing it to not open or close all the way like it normally should. This causes a decrease in blood flow to the next chamber of the heart. If one or more valves become diseased, pooling of blood in a chamber will occur, or the blood will leak backwards, and flow will slowly occur in the opposite direction. The causes of the stenosis includes calcification, rheumatic fever, and other congenital factors.
In cases of mitral and tricuspid valve stenosis, its cause is related to rheumatic fever, which is most commonly ...

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...cification as well. Echocardiograms are most likely to be done as well. This is usually the primary test done to help narrow down the possibilities of diseases and confirms diagnosis. The cardiologist or a cardiac sonographer takes ultrasound specifically of the heart and its chambers. This helps to check for any abnormalities in the valve and its severity, so the doctor can choose a suitable treatment. Cardiac catheterization, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging are more definite test. These tests are conclusive and provide a firm diagnosis. With these test, doctors inject dye into the blood vessels to help show flow of blood and how much is being ejected into the systemic circulation. Cardiologists use treatments such as balloon valvuloplasty, permanent valve replacement, and trans catheter aortic valve replacements (TAVR) to correct the disorder.

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