Kant’s theory is not deontological in the sense of repudiating the line of questioning that quite naturally leads from wondering what I ought to do, to wondering about what is good or worthwhile, and from conditional goods to some ultimate good. It is a theory of value framed by teleological assumptions Kant shares with the larger European tradition of moral philosophy. In addition to this, contemporary interpretations of the priority of right in Kant recognize that his critique of pure practical reason is simultaneously a theory of right and a theory of value.
The principle of Utilitarianism is that we, as humans, should try and experience the highest amount of pleasure that we can, while also avoiding as much pain as possible. It is a teleological theory, which means that an action is not good or bad in and of itself. An action must be judged on whether it is good or bad solely based on the outcome of the action. There is no moral rule when it comes to an action being deemed good or bad ...
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...nism, actions must be judged on the amount of people or beings that benefit from the action as opposed to how many the same actions may potentially harm. Proponents argue that utilitarianism results in a greater sum of benefit to its harm, based upon outcome and not intention. However, critics of utilitarianism argue that following the interest of the greater good may result in tremendous harm to a large number of individuals.
Meanwhile, egoists argue that acting in self-interest can result in position action because the individual knows best how to benefit his own self, and if everyone were to act in the interest of others, then the general welfare of all would decrease as they are never working for their own good. Egoists trust that others will act in their own interests, thus making it unnecessary to take action solely for their benefit.
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