The word ‘censor’ is defined as ‘to examine and expurgate’. The word is derived from the Latin ‘census’, and refers to the count of the citizens and an evaluation of their property for taxation purposes in ancient Rome. It is also defined as the administration and control of the information and ideas that are circulated among the people within the general public.
In modern times, censorship refers to the inspection of books, periodicals, plays, films, television and radio programs, news reports, and other communication media for the purpose of changing, altering or suppressing parts thought to be objectionable or offensive. The objectionable material may be considered immoral or obscene, heretical or blasphemous, subversive or rebellious, or damaging to the national security. Thus, the rationale for censorship is that it is necessary for the protection of three basic social institutions: the family, the church, and the state.
One of the first known examples of censorship existed in ancient Greece, despite its notoriety for its open-minded approach to lifestyle in general (orgies were common and beloved by both the rich and poor). In Athens, where democracy first grew, Socrates opted to sacrifice his life rather than accept the censorship of his teachings in 399 BC. Charged with the worship of new divinities of his own and not acknowle...
... middle of paper ...
...RT, Richard, The Administration of Aesthetics: Censorship, Political Criticism & The Public Sphere, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 1994
3. SMITH, Nigel, Literature & Censorship, D.S Brewer, Cambridge, 1993
4. FISH, Stanley, There’s No Such Thing As Free Speech, Oxford University Press, New York, 1994
5. POWELL, Anton, Athens & Sparta: Constructing Greek Political & Social History From 478 B.C, Routledge, London, 1993
6. GREEN, Peter, A Concise History Of Ancient Greece To The Close Of The Classical Era, Thames & Hudson, London, 1991
7. HEINS, Marjorie, Not In Front of the Children: Indecency, Censorship, and The Innocence Of Youth, Hill & Wang, New York, 2002
8. Asia One, http://www.asiaone.com
9. Think Centre, http://www.thinkcentre.org
10. SG e-zine, http://www.sgezine.com.sg
11. SingaporeArt.org, http://www.singaporeart.org
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Introduction Censorship is a dirty word to information professionals. Attempts by individuals or groups to restrict the public from reading, hearing or viewing certain materials due to their content, is enough to send librarian's and organizations such as the American Library Association, to the proverbial battle field. However, information professionals from all fields have to make choices about what to include and what not to include in their particular library's collection. How are these selections made.... [tags: self-censorship]
1604 words (4.6 pages)
- “Those of us who trust sexuality must not allow ourselves to be controlled by those who fear it (Marty Klein).” In America censorship has affected various mediums: print, art, television, and internet, as it pertain to sexuality. However the first amendment “protects” the right to free speak, and press. Congress has tried to pass bills to outlaw pornography, (but have failed) ban books for sexual content, and dictate what can be said on TV and radio. If the government is allowed to censor these ways of communication then we, as citizens of a democracy, will be treated as citizens under a dictatorship.... [tags: sex education, media, sexuality, censorship]
643 words (1.8 pages)
- By definition censorship is the suppression of words, ideas, and images that are deemed "offensive" by the general public. As in any form of media, such restrictions in music limit the artists right of free speech and the true artist value of his or her work. For instance, in the world of heavy metal, there are multiple lawsuits against Ozzy Osbourne and one major legal dispute against a band known as Gwar. Where both artists were both falsely censored by the law and wrongly accused by our society.... [tags: Censorship, Ozzy Osborne, heavy metal, music,]
841 words (2.4 pages)
- The word censorship dates back to the sixth century B.C. in the Roman Empire. Roman officials titled censors would assess citizen’s property, and they would proclaim its value. The wealthier a citizen was the more rights that citizen received. Censorship is defined presently as the suppression of all or part of a publication, play, or film considered offensive or a treat. Unfortunately due to current political and social circumstances, or just very wealthy right winged conservatives; the oppression of censorship has been stretched over the very head of the first amendment like the lower lip of a man stretched over his head.... [tags: essays research papers]
593 words (1.7 pages)
- The Censorship Debate Do words such as nigger, bitch, or ass offend you. The answer may seem clear cut, but our nation has been struggling with the issue of censorship almost since its conception. To many, the aforementioned words are a part of their everyday vocabulary; to others, they are vulgar and unacceptable. The issue of censorship is much more than just words. There have been huge controversies over the negative ideas and graphic nature of literature, music, and television.... [tags: Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
781 words (2.2 pages)
- “Wanna copy me and do exactly like I did. Try 'cid and get f***ed up worse that my life is. My brain's dead weight, I'm tryin to get my head straight, but I can't figure out which Spice Girl I want to impregnate.”- Eminem “Tight hip huggers (low for sure) Shake a little somethin' (on the floor) I need that, uh, to get me off- Sweat until my clothes come off”- Christina Aguilara “I said, its gettin hot in here (so hot), So take off all your clothes… I am gettin so hot, I wanna take my clothes off”- Nelly Lyrics such as these have flooded the radio stations and MTV since before my time.... [tags: Essays Papers]
3011 words (8.6 pages)
- Censor This Why is it that when a person that listens to music that may promote violence and contains “objectionable” lyrics does a bad thing, families are quick to point out that it was external materials such as the music that influenced the person to do it. This is the controversy over music censorship. Music censorship is the attempt or action taken by any agency to limit or hold back anything in music that a community may find offensive to its beliefs or values. Musicians are artists, and often their music reflects the life that they are exposed to.... [tags: essays research papers]
652 words (1.9 pages)
- Censorship of Violence Why does anyone care if our society is aggressive. Does the kid who decides to fire a gun into his school do so because he watched Natural Born Killers. Is violence in our communities really causing anyone any abnormal amount of heartache. To the victims, and the families and friends of the victims, surely it does. Perhaps there are still some individuals who care just for the sake of caring, not because they are grieving a loss. But what does it all mean, and what is causing it.... [tags: essays research papers]
1687 words (4.8 pages)
- Censorship and the Internet Biram Mboob London School of Economics B.firstname.lastname@example.org "Inevitably, being an uncontrolled system, means that the Internet will be subjected to subversive applications of some unscrupulous users." (Kershaw) The concept of the Internet was created in answer to a strategic problem faced by the United States government during the Cold war era. A nuclear attack would easily disrupt a traditional computer network and hence make communication impossible. The solution was found in a new type of network.... [tags: essays research papers]
2904 words (8.3 pages)
- Censorship Starting in book 2 from 376d and on into book 3 of The Republic, Socrates and Adeimantus discuss the type of education the young guardians, the future rulers and protectors of the city should receive. They feel that the young men should be strong, quick, courageous and educated. They agree that they should receive a physical education for their bodies and an education in music and poetry for their souls. Unlike physical training, an education in music and poetry can begin at a very young age, at the age when most young people are very impressionable.... [tags: Papers]
536 words (1.5 pages)