Validity And Reliability Of The Classroom Assessment Essay examples

Validity And Reliability Of The Classroom Assessment Essay examples

Length: 1020 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Validity and Reliability
Large- scaled, published, standardized testing encompass highly- technical and statistically sophisticated standards that are measured by validity and reliability (McMillan, 2013, p. 58). When thinking about validity and reliability in classroom assessment, there are four questions to consider: Why am I doing this assessment?, What techniques should I use to gather information?, How will I interpret the results (standards/ criteria being used)?, and How will I use the results? (McMillian, 2013, p.15).
Validity refers to the appropriateness of inferences, uses and consequences that result from an assessment. In a teacher made assessment, validity is connected to the students in which the test is being created for. It is important to consider, is this assessment meaningful in obtaining the information you wish to obtain from your students?
Reliability refers to the consistency, stability, and dependability of the test scores and the decisions made based on the test scores. Reliability can be determined if an assessment were to be given to the same subject twice, the test scores wouldn’t vary much and the subject would yield the same results. One way teachers can test the reliability of their teacher created assessment is to administer another assessment on the same skills a few days later. If the scores from the two assessments were within 1 to 2 points from each other, then it would be considered reliable.

Summative and Formative Assessments

There are three major types of classroom assessments: pre-assessment, formative assessment, and summative assessment. Pre-assessment is given prior to instruction to establish the students’ prior knowledge, their attitudes, and interest in the particular topic be...

... middle of paper ... so worried about their evaluations (because they tend to be harsh and tied to pay) they stop thinking about their students, fully understanding all of the standards and feeling confident in making teacher created assessments. In addition, our district provides planning guides to all to teacher for each grade level. Teachers tend to see these guides as their lesson plans. The guides are outlines that are created for over 100+ elementary schools. Differentiation, actual students and assessment are not addressed in these guides. Since these guides came out, teacher’s expertise, judgement and knowledge appeared to no longer be needed. I am not sure I know the right answer, however I do work with my teachers on being empowered decision makers when it comes to their students. As I believe, I am trying to work myself out of job by building strong knowledgeable teachers.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Assessment And Assessment Of The Classroom Essay

- Assessments in the classroom are ongoing. Assessments are important for teaching in the classroom and for assisting in continuing the learning process of the students. Three purposes of assessment are to measure the amount of information a student has learned and retained, identify a students’ learning needs in and outside the classroom, and gather evidence to help increase learning for the students. Assessments need to be reliable and valid, meaning that in order for information obtained by assessments to be useful, the assessments need to meet certain requirements....   [tags: Assessment, Question, Psychometrics, Learning]

Better Essays
791 words (2.3 pages)

The Principles Of Language Assessment Essay

- Listening was given a higher weight on this section compared to the weight of the reading on the previous section. This was done for two reasons, first because for an oral interview it is very important to understand the questions being asked and secondly because the teacher can specifically monitor the listening skills by asking the question again or in a different manner. This approach is difficult to evaluate reading because the assessment is completed independently by the student. Note that while this student performed well and received a composite score of 82 and a Good rating, she performed much better on the oral interview than she did on the written portion of the assessment....   [tags: Psychometrics, Reliability, Assessment, Test]

Better Essays
964 words (2.8 pages)

Assessment Of English As A Second Language Students Essay

- At Manhattan School of Computer Technology, when planning assessments to be taken by English as a Second Language students, teachers are encouraged to apply the principles of good assessment practices. We firmly believe, that assessment of English as a Second Language students (ESL) must be given attention at all levels in our school assessment policy. Moreover, the content assessments taken by ESL students must be reliable and valid. If all our teachers are to get this correct, improvement of educational opportunities for our ESL students will be achieved....   [tags: Psychometrics, Assessment, Linguistics, Validity]

Better Essays
1336 words (3.8 pages)

Test Two Behavioral Rating Scales On Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder ( Asd )

- The purpose of this study was to test two behavioral rating scales on young children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and see the prospective and how they can help in an early childhood program. Preschool and Kindergarten children were participants and enrolled in Project DATA for the time of 1 year. There was a total of 22 participants, in which 20 were males, and 2 were females, 15 attended preschool and 7 attended kindergarten. There was three assessment instruments used in this study, the SSRS, PKBS and the AEPS....   [tags: Psychometrics, Assessment, Validity, Reliability]

Better Essays
1217 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Inside The Black Box : Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment

- Annotated Bibliography: Assignment 5 1. Black, P., & Wiliam, D. (2010). Inside the black box: Raising standards through classroom assessment. Phi Delta Kappan, 92(1), 81–90. doi:10.1177/003172171009200119 This article, initiated by the Assessment Group of the British Educational Research Association, focuses on how improving formative assessment raises standards and how there is still room for improvement. It discusses the importance of self and peer assessments and effective teaching. They also identified four ways to implement classroom policies to improve formative assessment....   [tags: Assessment, Educational psychology]

Better Essays
1045 words (3 pages)

Formive And Formative Assessment : Different Forms And Methods Essay

- Assessment comes in many different forms and methods. This allows for variety and a true representation of students strengths and abilities. As the styles of assessment vary between oral, written, auditory, independent, group, and so on, so does the forms of assessments. Two distinctions between assessments are formative and informal. I believe there needs to be an equal balance of both of these to promote the fairest assessment of students’ ability. They are both different and so they both test many different things and can show different results....   [tags: Assessment, Evaluation, Formative assessment]

Better Essays
913 words (2.6 pages)

The Principles Of Language Assessment Essay

- The principles of Language assessment are principles that are used to evaluate a test, to create a new test or to make a better test. According to Brown (2004) these principles should be applied in formal tests and all sorts of tests as well. One of the main points in this book “Language assessment: Principles and classroom practices. London: Longman” is how to use these principle to develop a new test for students, but what are these principles. These cardinal criteria are practicality, reliability, validity, impact and finally authenticity....   [tags: Assessment, Observation, A Great Way to Care]

Better Essays
1213 words (3.5 pages)

The Assessment Task Is Catered Towards Year 7 Mixed Ability Students At A School

- Background context The assessment task is catered towards year 7-mixed ability students at a girls-only, public school in the Western Suburbs. Students will sit the exam in term 2 near the end of the unit on food and hobbies. The school allows for a variety of different Asian language choices and these girls chose this language due to interests in the culture and language of Japan. However, the girls are de-motivated to study due to family problems and stress that occurs in low socio-economic families (Moll, 1992; Matthews, 2008)....   [tags: Assessment, Summative assessment, Evaluation]

Better Essays
1111 words (3.2 pages)

The Ethics of Assessments in the Classroom Essay

- Examining teacher ethical dilemmas in classroom assessment Pope, N., Green, S., Johnson, R., & Mitchell, M. (2009). Examining teacher ethical dilemmas in classroom assessment. Teaching and Teacher Education , 25 (5), 778-782. Précis Pope, Green, Johnson, & Mitchell (2009) suggest that we need further research and discussion around ethics and assessment in the classroom. Many ethic dilemmas are faced by teachers however little has been researched around ethics and assessment. Teachers spend one third of the time in assessment related activities and do so with no clear guidelines of the ethical dilemmas involved....   [tags: Teacher, Dilemma]

Better Essays
1497 words (4.3 pages)

Listening Skills Assessment Essay

- Whilst writing the specification I had to decide on the item types and tasks. Items can be elicited or responded to in either the oral or written form (Brown 2004:51). As this was a test to assess students’ listening skills, the eliciting clearly needed to be oral. However I had to make a decision about whether the students’ response should be oral or written. As a test needs to be practical, that is not take too long to complete or correct (Harris & McCann 1994:34), I decided that the responses should be written, as due to class size it would take too long to administer a test with oral responses for each individual student....   [tags: Education, Teaching]

Better Essays
608 words (1.7 pages)