Essay PreviewMore ↓
Population and Sample
The data sample used for this study will be substantial due to the amount of information collected on post traumatic stress disorder. Samples were drawn from the nationwide probability sample of the NVVRS study. The first sample included 479,000 males Vietnam veterans (15.2 % of the total) who met the criteria for current post traumatic stress disorder. The second sample included 7,200 female Vietnam veterans with a current prevalence rate of 8.5%. The third set of samples included 350,000 Vietnam veterans of both genders, with 11.1% male and 7.8% female partial PTSD incidence rates. The last set of samples showed 30.6% of male Vietnam veteran and 26.9% of female veterans who met the criteria for developing PTSD (Kulka et al. 1990).
Due to significant time constraints and limited access to information, a decision was made to use a Meta-Analysis. The Meta-Analysis provides a systematic evaluation of the quantitative analysis, which combines and summarizes several different studies. This method offers control over the data analysis, and by using statistical software, it addresses related hypotheses for delivery of precision in the use of codes. The main aim and focus of the Meta-Analysis in this research involves clearly identifying the problem and researching the literature for primary or representative studies. This approach allows for the creation of an appropriate data set for the evaluation, coding and analysis of the data in order to produce a valid analysis of the results.
How to Cite this Page
"Validation of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder." 123HelpMe.com. 24 Apr 2019
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In all honesty I did not hear the term Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) until some time after I re-deployed from Iraq in mid August 2003. Surely the term had been around long before them, but it wasn’t commonly used acronym in the military. I didn’t have nearly the frequent use that is has in today’s Army. Nowadays, everything a Soldier does is associated with PTSD even if the Soldier has not been diagnosed with it; it has become such a ill-used word that from what I can see everyone is try to jump on the band wagon.... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
772 words (2.2 pages)
- The intention of this study is to validate the issue of PTSD which some have attempted to discredit as a medical condition. To achieve this, the magnitude and incidence rate of the condition requires robust evidence. This study is taking secondary data from the Vietnam Veterans National Readjustment Survey (NVVRS) and developing the analysis further. The technique employed here is Meta analysis which is more typically used for quantitative literature applications. In any analysis of secondary data it is crucial to consider the incidence rates of mental health issues among those who fought in Vietnam.... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
976 words (2.8 pages)
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a relatively new diagnosis that was associated with survivors of war when it was first introduced. Its diagnosis was met largely with skepticism and dismissal by the public of the validity of the illness. PTSD was only widely accepted when it was included as a diagnosis in 1980 in the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) of the American Psychiatric Association. PTSD is a complex mental disorder that develops in response to exposure to a severe traumatic event that stems a cluster of symptoms.... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
2178 words (6.2 pages)
- The Post-traumatic stress disorder is a mental illness that may develop in people after a horrible experience. This is a big reaction to extreme stress. There are many causes, symptoms, and treatments for the post-traumatic stress disorder. There are many causes this disorder has, and this includes: coming out of war, being raped, or attacked, child abuse, natural disasters, car accidents, and even people who witness traumatic events could develop this disorder. A person who has experienced a bad traumatic event has a better chance of developing this disorder than a person who experienced a less traumatic event develops.... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
626 words (1.8 pages)
- Journal According to Sigmund Freud, events and emotions that are particularly disturbing are repressed into the unconscious. Often times this theory is true, but for people suffering from post traumatic stress disorder, they only wish that it were true. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD, is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened. People with PTSD have persistent frightening thoughts and memories of their ordeal and feel emotionally numb, especially with people they were once close to.... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
843 words (2.4 pages)
- After experiencing a traumatic event, the mind has been known to horde away the details and memories and then send them back at unexpected times and places, sometimes after years have passed. It does so in a haunting way that makes the recall just as disturbing as the original event. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is the name for the acquired mental condition that follows a psychologically distressing event "outside the range of usual human experience" (Bernstein, et al). There are five diagnostic criteria for this disorder and there are no cures for this affliction, only therapies which lessen the burden of the symptoms.... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
1925 words (5.5 pages)
- The Factors of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Post traumatic stress disorder occurs after a person is exposed to a terrifying ordeal which causes either grave physical or psychological harm where harm was threatened. It can become an extremely debilitating disorder to the persons life. The person can have problems interacting in social and family life, occupational instability and the breakdown of marriages can occur. The disorder is triggered after traumatic events such as violent personal assaults such as mugging or rape, or to family, natural disasters such as earthquakes, accidents such as car crashes, human disasters such as 9/11 and after military combat... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
672 words (1.9 pages)
- For more than twenty years, Patricia Dietz, a wife of a Vietnam veteran, has suffered along with her husband the effects of post traumatic stress disorder. She has stated that, "It has changed everything; it has affected the rest of his and her life." Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is when a person is haunted by his memories so badly that it affects not only the rest of his life, but others close to him as well. Any time there is a traumatic event, physical danger, or threat or personal danger, this disorder is able to appear in ones' life (USA Today Magazine).... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
1200 words (3.4 pages)
- REPAIRING A NATION POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER IN KUWAIT THESIS: Studies made by experts found after the liberation of Kuwait following the Gulf War of 1991 that most children who were inside the country experienced undesirable emotions simultaneously which brought out more abnormal behaviors. INTRODUCTION In the oppressively hot summer of 1990 the second of August to be exact, people were sleeping peacefully in their homes. It was a Thursday morning and most Kuwaitis had left the country on holiday.... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
2268 words (6.5 pages)
- There are hundreds of different kinds of psychiatric disorders listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed. (DSM-IV). One of them is called Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Based on the research, post-traumatic disorder usually occurs following the experience or witnessing of life-threatening events such as military combat, natural disasters, terrorist incidents, serious accidents, or violent personal assaults like rape (Harvard Women’s Health Watch, 2005).... [tags: Post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD]
1428 words (4.1 pages)
To gather all of the studies involved in this research, a massive search was carried out using primary keywords such as Vietnam veterans, combat stress, post-traumatic stress disorder, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-III-R), Mississippi Combat-Related PTSD Scale, and Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-PTSD Scale. The search was carried out using an internet search and by searching the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA), Psychiatry Online Magazines, Annual Review of Psychology, Journal of Genetic Psychology and Journal of Traumatic Stress. All studies used for this research were saved as PDFs or Word documents for future reference. Considering the amount of time given to this research, only four variables were used and compared across selected studies.
This helped to keep the results and findings simple and to the point, with a lower risk of possible misinterpretation. The following variables were used to determine risk factors associated with PTSD and its prevalence rates. These variables are: Pre-Military, Military and Post-military. Pre-military risk factors included gender (female = 1, male = 0) and ethnicity (1 = white, 0 = others). Using the NVVRS as currently constructed, a few adjustments to items in the design were made. The items selected for this research study confirm that the NVVRS is valid and correct across audiences. All secondary data were selected and presented in a separate category with each variable clearly defined.
Gender of Participants
The main purpose and focus of this research is to assess the classifications of Vietnam veterans and the seriousness of psychological disorders. As with any research study, there are limitations. The first limitation of this research study is that few studies have been conducted on PTSD and its effects on female Vietnam veterans. Gender was measured and coded as two normal variables. All data samples drawn from male participants were coded with a (0). Data on female participants was coded with a (1), and studies that included ethnicity were coded with a (1) for Caucasian and a (0) for other ethnicities. Given the number of studies looking at Vietnam veterans with mental disorders, a decision was made to limit the sample size and break it down into individual sets. Each article includes secondary data from participants in previous armed services or on individuals who served in a war-zone.
The most common disorders were organized into the categories of depression, anxiety and alcohol or drug abuse. The categories consisted of risk factors associated with mental disorders in Vietnam veterans. These included Pre-Military mental health, African-American or Hispanic lineage and life adjustment factors. Military factors consist of war-zone stressors related to atrocities and military trauma. Post-military included recent stressful life events and social support. All data in this study meets in a selective group for each variable and can be clearly identified (NVVRS, 1988).
Reliability of the Data
Based on the information taken from the Vietnam Veterans National Readjustment Survey, it is generally safe to assume that the data collected is either valid or invalid. Any discrepancies in the data sources were identified and resolved by re-examining all literature and information collected in this research study. It would appear that information collected on the subject by other researchers should be considered valid. The SPSS statistical software was chosen to analyze the data. The SPSS software is helpful for measurement and validity testing of large samples of collected data. In coding for this research study, SPSS statistical software was used to produce descriptive statistics across chosen studies.