Utopian Society in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

Utopian Society in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley

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In the novel Brave New World written by Aldous Huxley a dystopia is presented of a Utopian society where happiness is brought through a drug and your predestined life follows.
Aldous Huxley conveys different conflicts with characters being isolated from the society they are being forced to live within. In which, these characters, are brought about reliance of soma, a drug, to stabilize their life. As well as this, the novel expresses the on going battles of having a society that is "perfect". Therefore, because of the isolated, delusional nonperfected-society, the World State introduced in Brave New World defines a Utopian Society.

Throughout the story the characters are presented in different social classes. In this World State, society isn't broken down into race, sex, or wealth, it deals with the intelligence level of a human being. Character by character is presented with a strong detachment from reality and the lack of freewill they are given. "It is only kind of pre-natal conditioning envisioned in Brave New World itself, in which the beings produced from bottles are so changed that they are no longer Homo sapiens, that will permanently keep men down" describing the fact that the people made in these test tubes are not normal men (Woodcock 273). Here, you see the outlook that no one could be an acceptable human being when being produced from a bottle. From the top, Alphas, and the bottom, Epsilons, where society is created through test tubes, in which, "Alphas and Betas [remain], (in incubators), until definitely bottled, while the Gammas, Deltas, and Epsilons were brought out again, after thirty-six hours to undergo Bokanovsky's Process. . . where eight to ninety-six buds and (where) every bud will grow into a perfectly formed embryo. . . (and the Epsilons suffer) oxygen-shortage for keeping an embryo below par. . . (where) the lower the caste. . .the shorter the oxygen, (and) the brain will be affected first" (Huxley 4-5,15). With the first breath of life, the people have already been determined their fate. As well as the Neo-Pavlovian, which is a procedure to condition kids to respond or not respond to different objects. Roses and books were placed in front of eight month old babies, and "the babies at once fell silent, then began to crawl towards (the roses). . .(and) the crawling babies came squeals of excitement, gurgles and twitterings of pleasure.

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. .(then) there was a violent explosion, alarm bells maddeningly sounded, (and the Director requested to) electrify [the] whole strip of the floor. . . (All done because) books and loud noises, flowers and electric shocks, after two hundered repetitions of the same or a similar lessons would be wedded... they'll grow up with what the psychologists used to call an 'instinctive' hatred of books and flowers" (Huxley 20-23). This represents a strong, demanding and with a no choice mind set in the World State, because of the this is done at such a young age where the kids do not know any better and disregarding the age, this procedure is done in a harsh sense. "Huxley's Brave New World is an attempt to trace out the darker lineaments of a science that promises a world of altered, cloned, and patented organisms" (Baker 9). Altered, cloned, patented these aren't normally ways to describe a human, this shows manipulation of science and power. People are locked in a world that "Alphas can be completely socialized -- but only on condition that you make them do Alpha work. Only an Epsilon can be expected to make Epsilon sacrifices, for the good reason that for him they aren't sacrifices" (Huxley 266-267). Once again, displaying the isolation within their own social class, as well as showing the lack of hope to change your predestined fate. The story displays "the creation of beings who will not be individuals but will cheerfully belong to each other" (Watts 76). At which, this summarizes the lack of freewill available. At last, because of this determined fate and the absent of other options the World State is presented as a bound, isolated society.

Aldous Huxley, within the novel, depicts characters depending on a substance called soma, which, helps the characters secure their emotions, moods, and actions. "And if ever, by some unlucky chance, anything unpleasent should somehow happen, why, there's always soma to give you a holiday from the facts. And there's always soma to calm your anger, to reconclie you to your enemies, to make you patient and long-suffereing. In the past you could only accomplish these things by making a great effort and after years of hard moral training. Now, you swallow two or three half-gramme tablets, and there you are. Anybody can be virtuous now. You can carry at least half your morality about in a bottle. Christianity without tears -- that's what soma is" (Huxley 285). This passage Mustapha, the most powerful leader in the World State, explains to John, main protagonist and grew up out of Central World State, that soma solved one of humanity's oldest problems, it offers a way to deal with unpleaseant emotions that lead to inefficiency and conflict. He claims that soma allows everyone to accomplish something that previously took years to attain, while making a connection to religion and soma. Mustapha describes soma as a toll that allows everyone to be moral, but it can also be seen as a tool that the State uses to keep its citizens from becomming unhappy enough to try to change the society in which they live. John says soma seems to be littl more than an opiate of the people. Through and through the novel people tend to make a negative comment and say next " there is always soma, delicious soma" (Huxley 67). Soma is represented as fixing something that went wrong or something that you didn't want to happen: soma is an absued drug within this story. "The return to civilization was for her the return to soma, was the possiblity of lying in bed and taking holiday after holiday, without ever having to come back to a headahce or a fit vomiting, without ever being made to feel as you always felt after peyotl, as though you'd done something so shamefully anti-social that you could never hold up your head again. Soma played none of these unpleasent tricks", a character is showing pain from a incident and simply states that soma doesn't have these affects (Huxley 183). People see soma, again, as a healer. "They're so conditioned that they practically can't help behaving as they ought to behave. And if anything should go wrong, there's soma" (Huxley 264). This last section is referring to if people are unstable and unable to perform than soma is the magic potion to fix all problems, worries, or situations. Nevertheless, soma is a substance the World State provides to have a control on the people's state of mind and at which, the people end up having a fixation with the drug and its remedies.

Perfection is done one more time through control, because if someone has control over a society and establishing order therefore, to a degree, that person would establishing perfection, as displayed in Brave New World. The Director is accusing Bernard Marx, an outcast or a rebel in the World State, "The security and stability of Society are in danger. Yes in danger, ladies and gentlemen, this man, who stands before you here (Bernard Marx), this Alpha-Plus to whom so much has been given, and from whom, in consequence, so much must be expected, this colleague of yours -- or should I anticipate and say this ex-colleague? -- has grossly betrayed the trust imposed in him. By his hertical views on sports and soma, by the scandalous unorthodoxy of his sex-life, by his refusal to obey the teachings of Our Ford and behave out of office hours, 'even as a little infant'... he has proved himself an enemy of Society, a subverter, ladies and gentlemen, of all Order and Stability, a conspirator against Civilization itself. For this reason I propose to dismiss him, to dismiss him with ignominy from the post he has held in this Centre, I propose forthwith to apply for his transference to a Sub-Centre of the lowest order and, that his punishment may service the best interest of Society, as far as possible removed from any important Centre of population..." because of Bernard's actions, the State demands and automatic removal for Bernard (Huxley 177-178). How could a perfect society be established with someone fighting against it? To be perfect is to be without a defect and if you lived in a State in which, "People are happy, they get what they want, and they never want what they can't get", then perfection is made through happiness or fulfillment (Huxley 263-264). There as, if everyone is satisfied then no conflicts will be made and without conflicts there is no struggles and with no struggles perfection is retrived. The sense of freedom was small because "each person is incapable of expressing opinions or judgments of his own since these are, in theoary and indeed usually in practice, non-existent" (Watts 77). The control the government has had on man kind through life created so much of a hold on all of society. "Civilization has absolutely no need of nobility or heroism. These things are symptoms of political inefficiency. In a properly organized society like ours, nobody has any opportunities for being noble or heroic. Conditions have got to be thoroughly unstable before the occasion can arise. Where there are wars, where there are divided allegiances, where there are temptations to be resisted, objects of love to be fought for or defended?there, obviously, nobility and heroism have some sense. But there aren't any wars nowadays. The greatest care is taken to prevent you from loving any one too much. There's no such thing as a divided allegiance, you're so conditioned that you can't help doing what you ought to do. And what you ought to do is on the whole so pleasant, so many of the natural impulses are allowed free play, that there really aren't any temptations to resist", Mustapha Mond stated in the story (Huxley, 284-285). The section says they have a properly organized society. Finally, with the steps the World State's government takes to uphold their power and their stability makes them be easily imagined as a perfect society.

The Brave New World uncovers bits and pieces of our society today. The topic of how much control a government should obtain over a country has always been debated, from too much or too little, there never seems to be a perfect median. Aldous Huxley shows that even if a government attempts to restrain their citizens to a point of ultimate control to obtain a perfect society, there will be that one that will mess up the equation through their own beliefs, values, and their open-mind to discuss it. Today with the studies of genetics where you can pick your own sex of your child messes with what fate or destiny had for the child, even though some people think of this technology and the growing advances in genetical research is horrific it will still continue to grow and be manipulated more and more each day. Drug abuse is still a common problem we see in society today. The reliance on a substance to make you feel better or to get you through the day is an easy substance to depend upon. Not only street drugs people get addicted to there are drugs that people are prescribed to, that get them through the day, and make them not as angry, depressed, hyper, or tired. As for soma, perscribed or not there was a definite dependence on the drug, in which is majorly affected their daily life. Also, government has began to control issues that people agree to disagree on, such as, love affairs (bi-racial or homosexuals couples) or even people's decision over their child's fate. At last, through the corruption of the method of creating social classes, through the government provided drug soma, and through the demanding, unreasonable pressures of the World State, Brave New World is displayed as a Utopian system of government, in which, the government controlled all matters.
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