To begin, let’s look into one of the major factors that make Utopia so distinct from what Englishman considered normal at the time: the lack of private property. In Utopia, there is no private property and everything is communal. Hythloday states at the end of book one, “… wherever you have private property, and money is the measure of all things, it is hardly ever possible to find commonwealth to be just or prosperous” (p. 37). Hythloday goes on to state that a very few would control all things happy and that it would be divided amongst themselves. Even then though, they are still uneasy which leads to the masses being wretched in nature. More somewhat disagrees with the claims and holds a different stance on the issue. What we see here are classic arguments between Platonic thought and Aristotelian perspective. Hythloday eve...
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...unnoticed, is the equality of women being put forth by Hythloday. He explained how women were trained to fight and were encouraged to do so with their husbands. Not only the point of fighting, but the aspect of allowing female priests. Female priests are still not allowed within the Catholic Church.
All in all, More’s Utopia allows a broad audience to speculate the practices their culture performs. For More, this was the Roman Catholic Church and society of England in 1516. The book points out several aspects of life that would directly contradict the practices being taken place in More’s life. For Sir Thomas More these speculations appear to be more of wishful-thinking than possibility. Though he may be correct that many of the thoughts put forth in his book are unrealistic in nature, some perspectives were truly forward thinking – like woman’s rights for instance.
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