Essay about Utilitarianism : The Principle Of The Morality Of Human Action

Essay about Utilitarianism : The Principle Of The Morality Of Human Action

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Act- Utilitarianism is the rightness of actions depends entirely on how they impact welfare or happiness, by attempting to maximize each. Utilitarianism sees no action is bad in itself because morality is decided by consequences of actions. The ‘good’ of saving the innocent people must be weighed up against the ‘bad’ (torturing the suspect) in order to make a decision on the correct course of action. Bentham calls this method of moral evaluation the ‘principal of utility. Whereas for deontologists, they believe our moral obligations do not entirely depend on the consequences of our actions. Some actions are wrong or right in themselves, regardless of the consequences. This means that there are some things which are always wrong (even if they produce really good consequences). Some examples of deontological principles: Golden Rule, Ten Commandments.
Deontologist is an approach which seeks to create universal rules for the morality of human action; its ideas of common humanity and fundamental human rights were very influential in the banning of torture. Kant’s deontological approach creates two universal rules by which moral questions can be addressed: ‘Act as though the maxim of your action were by your will to become a universal law of nature,’ and ‘Act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of another, always as an end and never as a means only.
Dershowitz’s main question: Is it morally permissible that a terrorist be tortured for the purposes of extracting information concerning an imminent terrorist attack (that is, in the so called ‘ticking bomb’ scenarios)?
The Act-Utilitarian Argument for Torture in Ticking Bomb Scenarios I have found can be divided into two steps. First, the ticking-bomb s...

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...The inhumanity of the act, along with its questionable usefulness and wider implications, makes torture always morally wrong. However, the humanity of the situation; (it will always be individual people who must make the decisions) must be taken into account as a mitigating factor.
These arguments lead me to believe that torture is unjustifiable, even in extreme cases. However, because the immediate choice is so difficult and because the person making it is possesses human emotions and instincts, I would not absolutely condemn the decision to torture provided it was made in an emergency situation and with the correct intention. To make prior judgement that torture is justified in some circumstances is dangerous and wrong – torture must be prosecuted as a crime wherever it occurs. However, to recognize the mitigating circumstances when it occurs is also important.

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