Utilitarianism : The Best Known And Most Influential Moral Theories Essay

Utilitarianism : The Best Known And Most Influential Moral Theories Essay

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Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Like other forms of consequentialism, its main idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects. More specially, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce.
Utilitarian Position
• Act-Utilitarianism is a utilitarian theory of ethics which states that a person’s act is morally right only if it produces as much happiness as any other act that the person could perform at that time.
Pros and Cons of act-utilitarianism: Act utilitarianism is often regarded as the most natural interpretations of the utilitarian ideal. If our aim is always to produce the best results, it seems plausible to think that each in each case deciding what is the right thing we do, we should consider the available options, and predict their outcomes.
• Rule-Utilitarianism is a form of utilitarianism that says an action is right as it conforms to a rule that leads to the greatest good, or that “the rightness or wrongness of a particular action is a function of the correctness of the rule of which it is an instance.
Pros and Cons of rule-utilitarianism: Unlike act utilitarian’s, who want to maximize overall utility by applying the utilitarian principle to individual acts, rule utilitarian’s believe that we can maximize utility only by creating a moral code that contains rules. The right moral rules are those whose inclusion in our moral code will produce better results than the other possible rules. Once we determine what these rules are, we can then judge individual actions by seeing if they conform to these rules. The principle of utility, then, is used to examine the rules and is applied directly to i...

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...st one person’s life. Or they could push the one person in front because they would think that’s the right thing to do. To me it’s kind of hard to determine what they would choose or say because they have different ways morals between them and it would be difficult to put them all in one category of what they would do.
To me the most plausible way to deal with this is the way the rule-utilitarians would solve this theory. I think it’s better that we risk one person’s life to save the five other lives. Even though that one person is not even more special or better than the other five. It’s smarter to me to let one person die for a good thing than let five people die for no reason when their deaths could have been prevented. I guess by saying that the person that risks their life to save the five people is kind of like the kamikaze in this theory.

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