Utilitarianism, By Jeremy Bentham And John Stuart Mill Essay

Utilitarianism, By Jeremy Bentham And John Stuart Mill Essay

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Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill are credited for developing the idea of utilitarianism. Simply put, utilitarianism is doing the most good for the greatest amount of people. In this ethical system, an individuals rights are essentially less important than the good of the majority. Happiness is what is valued in this ethical system. Ultimately, the action that leads to the most good is the right ethical action. Basically, no act is simply right or wrong, but rather it depends on the happiness that comes out doing that act. (Caleb, Utilitarianism critiques). In utilitarianism, "the end justifies the means. " Utilitarianism is not as much focused on the individual motivations and obligations, but is more so focused on the outcomes. (Caleb, Utilitarianism).
On the contrary, deontology is not so much focused on the outcomes as it is on the motivations, duties, and obligations of rational beings. This theory is credited to Immanuel Kant, whose rationality is universal. Kant says, " Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universa...

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