Two specific forms of are Act and Rule Utilitarianism. Both forms agree that the overall aim of evaluating actions is key and should create the best results possible, but they differ about how exactly to get to those results. Act utilitarians believe that whenever we are deciding what to do, we should perform the action that will create the greatest utility. In their view, the principle of utility should be applied on a case by case basis. The right action in any situation is the one that yields more utility or creates more well-being than other available actions.
Rule utilitarians have a multi part view that stresses the importance of moral rules. A rule utilitarian would probably be interested in thinking along the lines of: a specific action is morally justified if it conforms to a justified moral rule; and a moral rule is justified if its inclusion into our moral code...
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...ual pleasure, but the deeper pleasure or utility for all. If we take a look at this issue from a perspective of humanity then we will start to see that the individual pleasure pales in comparison to the good of all mankind. Some may say that the small number of people who choose to pair up with the same sex are a non factor in the overall scheme of human kind, but it is a biological fact that those same sex couples cannot propagate the species. Looking at nature it takes a male and a female who pair up and replicate to produce young. It seems that by choosing the same sex to spend ones life with could be depriving the human race of a deeper gene pool at the least, or possibly the next Albert Einstein on the other extreme. The logic behind same sex union just does not seem rational, because the utility of “same sex” is not of the natural order if nothing else.
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