In order to explain the flaws within utilitarianism, I will first explain what the utilitarian’s arguments are. Jeremy Bentham is known as the man who fathered utilitarianism and he states that utilitarianism is “The greatest good for the greatest number” (42). Bentham believes every person’s goal in life is to strive for pleasure and refrain from pain (42). This guides our lives and is the basis of which all decisions should be made, to increase pleasure and decrease pain (42). The principle of utility is meant to approve or disapprove of every action a person makes, determining if the action is morally correct or incorrect (43). This pain and pleasure, which drives human life, can also be measured within categories such as intensity, duration, certainty or uncertainty and propinquity or remoteness (43). Bentham states the consequences of choosing to do an act of pleasure or pain is the only thing that matters, whether you intended for pleasure or pain does not get taken into consideration (43). P...
... middle of paper ...
...e actions we do not do, even though it is impossible to think of everything in the world we can fix (Freier, 03/03). Utilitarianism is an ideal theory of a perfect world that has very little problems and uncertainties, however it is not a realistic goal for people to achieve great happiness as individuals.
Bentham, Jeremy. "Classical Hedonism." Introduction to the Principle of Morals and Legislation. 1789. 42-44.
Freier, Blake. “Utilitarianism” Values and Society Tutorial. Wilfrid Laurier University. Waterloo. 3 Mar. 2014.
Mill, John Stuart. "Utilitarianism." Cahn, Steven M. Exploring Ethics: An Introductory Anthology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. 114-125.
Pojman, Louis P. "Strengths and Weaknesses of Utilitarianism." Cahn, Steven M. Exploring Ethics: An Introductory Anthology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. 126-134.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Moral decision-making constitutes an important part of the everyday human life. In this paper, I will examine and contrast Utilitarianism and Kant’s theory of the Categorical Imperative, both, which provide people with a moral structure, and how the issue of etiquettes relates to Kantian Theory. It is important to note that both the theories have their advantages and drawbacks, thus to enable one to make a methodical decision, it is important to understand the basic principles of each. However, in this paper there will be a main focus on Kantian Categorical argument and then discussing the issue of etiquettes.... [tags: Immanuel Kant, Categorical imperative, Morality]
1620 words (4.6 pages)
- ... Deontology judges the ethical motive of an action not by its consequences, merely by the reasoning behind it. Utilitarianism Utilitarianism, in the contrary, is based on the principle of utility or usefulness. Utility is what encourages an agent to act in a particular way (Tuckett, 1998). Utility can be explained as maximizing the good like pleasure and happiness and minimizing the bad like pain and evil, all leading to the greater good for all parties involved. It weights the consequences of the actions equally between the ones involved, and the ethical solution would be to follow the greater good for most if not all the parties involved.... [tags: right, wrong, morality, thics]
759 words (2.2 pages)
- The Moral Philosophies’ Functions in Business Usually the conversation about philosophy in society is centered on the universal structure of values as part of their lives. Conversely moral philosophy relates to certain ideologies or statutes which are used by societies in determining right or wrong. It is imperative to comprehend there is a difference between “moral philosophies” and “business ethics”. The “moral philosophies” pertain to individual’s values, whereas “business ethics” is centered on groups’ decisions or relate to meeting a business objective.... [tags: values, ethics, belief, utilitarianism, relativist]
1251 words (3.6 pages)
- In this essay, I will talk about the theory of classical utilitarianism. My objection will be about how classical utilitarianism ignores justice and moral rights, and I will argue how this can undermine the theory. I will then discuss how this theory cannot be saved from this objection. Classical utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism where actions are judged only by the consequences of the action (act based). According to Hodgson (1967), the act is only right if it was to have the best consequences for any alternative acts open to you.... [tags: utilitarialism,moral rights,consequentialism]
1029 words (2.9 pages)
- Utilitarianism is a moral theory that states that an action is considered right as long as it promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest number of people. This theory was first proposed by Jeremy Bentham and later was refined by J.S Mill. Mill differs from Bentham by introducing a qualitative view on pleasure and makes a distinction between act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. John Hospers critiques utilitarianism and shows that rule utilitarianism under more specific and stricter rules would promote utility better.... [tags: Utilitarianism, Ethics, Jeremy Bentham]
1570 words (4.5 pages)
- The author J.J.C Smart writes about utilitarianism. He talks about two different types one is extreme utilitarianism and the other is restricted utilitarianism. The first one is called Extreme utilitarianism which is an action that gives you the greatest amount of happiness, for the most amounts of people is the right action, no matter what the moral rule is. On the other hand restricted utilitarianism on the other hand, seeks to find an action that creates the greatest amount of happiness to the most people.... [tags: Morality, Utilitarianism, Animal rights, Human]
722 words (2.1 pages)
- Throughout this essay, when describing defensible utilitarianism, it will refer to the term defensible as defined in the Oxford English Dictionary (2011), because this version is typically understood by all academics studying under the British English language. The term utilitarianism is supported on the basis of morals and acts which can be deemed either right or wrong (Concise Oxford English Dictionary, 2011). The purpose of this essay will be to identify the advantages and disadvantages of utilitarianism, with consideration of morally right acts and morally wrong acts.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Human, Utilitarianism]
1667 words (4.8 pages)
- Utilitarians are people who believe that good is everyone’s pleasure. This is simply what they call general happiness. They believe that happiness is primarily pleasure and the absence of pain. Utilitarians think actions that give most pleasure to a larger quantity of people is morally right. Their two basic view consist of believing that we should nurture everyone’s happiness and not just one’s own, and accepting that some pleasures are bigger than others. Act and Rule Utilitarianism is based on two principles called the Consequentialist Principle and the Utility Principle.... [tags: Morality, Utilitarianism, Ethics, Human]
1411 words (4 pages)
- In an age where humanity realizes the differences between right and wrong, and ponders why they choose whichever side they do, utilitarianism provides and answer. The principle of Utilitarianism as written by J.S. Mills can be summed up in his precise language, ‘actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.’ Essentially, the morally correct action is the action that produces the most happiness, and the action that produces unhappiness is the morally incorrect action, and that this is the basis for morality.... [tags: Ethics, Utilitarianism, Morality]
1307 words (3.7 pages)
- This essay will present the key features of Utilitarianism and identify the problems of Utilitarianism to the extent to which they make Utilitarianism unacceptable. Jeremy Bentham founded Utilitarianism. He lived at a time of great change. With revolutions in France and America, demands were being made for human rights and greater democracy. Bentham worked on legal reform. Utilitarianism is associated with the principle of utility. Utility means the amount of satisfaction or pleasure that somebody gains from consuming a commodity, product, or service, i.e.; useful.... [tags: criticisms of utilitarianism]
1212 words (3.5 pages)