Utilitarianism and Deontological Ethics.
Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Like other forms of consequentialism, its core idea is that whether actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects. More specially, the only effects of actions that are relevant are the good and bad results that they produce.
• Act-Utilitarianism is a utilitarian theory of ethics which states that a person’s act is morally right if and only if it produces at last as much happiness as any other act that the person could perform at that time.
Pros and Cons: Act utilitarianism is often regarded as the most natural interpretations of the utilitarian ideal. If our aim is always to produce the best results, it seems plausible to think that each in each case deciding what is the right thing we do, we should consider the available options, and predict their outcomes, and approve of the actions that will create the most goals.
• Rule-Utilitarianism is a form of utilitarianism that says an action is right as it conforms to a rule that le...
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