Essay on Utah, California v. Secretary of Transportation

Essay on Utah, California v. Secretary of Transportation

Length: 1195 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Significant facts
In 1994, Congress pass a bill, with President approval, that withheld ten percent of federal highway funds from states who fail to penalize drug offenders by suspending the drivers license for six months. A condition the federal government placed on the grants for highway funds is states’ must suspend the drivers license for any drug conviction, regardless of severity, including marijuana possession. However, states do have the ability to “opt out” by passing their own state law stating they will not suspend drivers licenses for such violations. The clause was used by Congress in the hope that states would not want to be recognized for allowing drug offenders to keep their license, but most states opted out.
Issue
Both California and Utah sued the Secretary of Transportation for the release of funds. California legislature challenged the federal law in light of the withholding of federal highway funds were not related to the suspension of drivers licenses, and the “opt out” clause was not a rational or uniform national policy. California’s legislature is arguing this requirement is to initiate debate between the governor and the state legislature. The requirement for the governor and legislature to agree or forcing the legislature majority to override a gubernatorial veto violates the state’s sovereignty basic function and specifically the absence of a uniform national policy.
Utah passes a law that suspends drug offenders drivers license for all drug violations, however, Utah has also decriminalized the possession of small amounts of marijuana and redefined offense as a misdemeanor: “burning without a permit. The Secretary of Transportation believes Utah’s motive to decriminalize and redefine the offense vio...


... middle of paper ...


... California until the state complies with the federal condition placed on the highway funds, however, the constitutional issue concerning the requirement that states’ debate on whether to “opt out” or not be removed as a condition upon the receipt of funds. By removing this option, it will create a uniform national policy that is applicable to every state. If this condition is not removed it is recommended that California receive their federal grant moneys. Secondly, Utah has complied with the regulation and therefore the federal highway funds should be released. The Secretary of Transportation is infringing upon the state’s sovereignty after Utah has complied with the condition placed upon the federal funds.



Works Cited

The United States Constitution
Epstein, Lee, and Thomas Walker. Institutional Powers and Constraints. 8. Thousand Oaks: CQ Press, 2013. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Cyber Attacks on the Government’s Transportation Grid

- Breaches and Security Implications by Penetration of the Western Interconnection’s Traffic Control System and its Effects on Modern Day Life Year after year, a number of films are released involving computer hacking of some sort along with cyber-villainy. As entertaining as they are, the validity of these possibilities is not explored. Many of these films center revolve around a chaotic vehicle-related scene where a form of the government’s transportation grid is compromised. The breach typically involves traffic control....   [tags: Cyber Terrorism, Cyber Terrorists]

Strong Essays
3307 words (9.4 pages)

The United States Transportation Secretary Essay examples

- The way that the United States Transportation Secretary is unequivocally backing the "It Can Wait" battle, put forward by AT&T, is a positive sign however more should be done to give understudies introduction to the presentation around the nation. With a specific end goal to finish this, it is basic that the administration set rules and give support to this program or introduce one of their own. With respect to "It Can Wait" crusade, the administration ought to institute enactment to give subsidizing so the program can develop and achieve each secondary school in America....   [tags: United States, U.S. state, Driving]

Strong Essays
759 words (2.2 pages)

A Look at Transportation in Three Cities Essay

- Report on Transport Issues in Developed and Developing States; Brussels in Belgium (Western Europe), San Diego in California (North America) and Kampala in Uganda (Africa) Introduction The entire transportation network in many cities enhances the exchange of services and goods and improves the interaction among societies. The efficiency and quality of a transport system has a very significant effect on social and economic welfare of any country or city. The management and development of an appropriate, affordable and reliable transport network in any city is essential for the development of the economy and service delivery to every part of the world....   [tags: Transportation]

Strong Essays
1612 words (4.6 pages)

The Changes of Womanhood in Marge Piercy‘s “The Secretary Chant” Essay

- Marge Piercy’s “The Secretary Chant” begins the poem by describing different parts of her body as office supplies. In line one she states that “My hips are a desk.” In line two and three she says “From my ears hang/ chains of paper clips.”(2) In line four she also continues with “Rubber bands form my hair.”(3) I feel like Piercy’s goal by starting off the poem in this way, was to help emphasize the speakers frustrations toward her job right away. I also feel that by comparing the speakers body parts to office supplies, gives the feeling that the speaker is using a form of sarcasm; which explains how much her job is unwillingly becoming apart of her life....   [tags: Marge Piercy, Secretary Chant, poetry, ]

Strong Essays
737 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Public Transportation and the Affiliated Debt

- Comparing the transit systems of specific metro regions in most if not all cases has similar characteristics across the country, financial issues. Transit systems from the largest in the country such as the New York City Metro Transit Authority and Washington D.C. Metropolitan Area Transit Authority with a combined 9.3 million daily ridership to the smallest such as the Rochester-Genesee Regional Transit Authority of Rochester, New York struggle with financial issues (Transit for Livable Communities, 2009)....   [tags: Transportation]

Strong Essays
1486 words (4.2 pages)

Modeling Benefits for Transportation Projects Essay

- Introduction While a typical building project is limited by its footprint and size, a transportation project such as a highway is mainly a linear project which comprises of many repetitive and similar elements. A highway interchange project is less spread than a long and large straight road, but is more complex. Projects involving reconstructing or expanding existing highways are sensitive and traffic has to be managed so that the impact is as limited as possible. Construction process has to be done while minimizing public inconvenience, hence the need to plan as many details about sequencing as possible, increasing project complexity....   [tags: Transportation]

Strong Essays
1328 words (3.8 pages)

Essay on The Birth of Air Transportation

- Air transportation is a vital resource used not only in the United States but throughout the world. The Kelly Act of 1925 was the first step in the integration of air transportation into the daily lives of Americans. This was due in part to the postal service wanting to get more mail to more areas more efficiently back in 1911. The birth of air transportation and the advent of the Federal Aviation Administration took place because of the foresight by the postal service, the Kelly Act of 1925 and Federal Aviation Act of 1958....   [tags: Transportation]

Strong Essays
1090 words (3.1 pages)

Strengthening Surface Transportation Security Essay

- Executive Order 13416 Strengthening Surface Transportation Security The purpose of this executive order is to make sure American surface transportation security is protected from terroristic acts. Surface transportation is a critical infrastructure that includes “…highways, transit systems, railways, and waterways that comprise the intermodal transportation network…” (Surface Transportation Policy and Legislation, 2013). It is a critical infrastructure because surface transportation makes a huge impact on the American economical system and effects American way of life....   [tags: terrorists, infrastructure, transportation]

Strong Essays
1416 words (4 pages)

Essay about California: My Biggest Disappointments Ever

- My visions of California before taking this course is a sunny, beautiful, happy and carefree place and those visions are partly because I visited there nine years ago. Upon my visit I concluded that I would eventually move there when I'm ready to start a family. My visit to California had left a tainted image in my mind, an image of a place where I could leave all my cares behind in hopes of staring anew, but what has left me speechless is the fact that I have no memory of particular events that lead me to this strange obsession over the state....   [tags: California essay]

Strong Essays
1044 words (3 pages)

The Gold Rush of California Essay

- In the United States, there would be a new overhaul to its identity. By 1848, businesses would eventually see a new and prosperous way to make money. The U.S. also began to see a few cultures begin to spark and the attitudes of people would change, especially their views about taking risks. This overhaul is known as the Gold Rush of California. The Gold Rush made an impact on American society through diversity and people.      The traditional beginning of the Gold Rush was the story of James Marshall....   [tags: The California Gold Rush]

Free Essays
3391 words (9.7 pages)