Using Hiv / Aids As An Example Of Public Health Surveillance Essay

Using Hiv / Aids As An Example Of Public Health Surveillance Essay

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1. Using HIV/AIDS as an example to discuss why public health authorities need to conduct public health surveillance and to describe how surveillance system is managed in Australia (9 marks) (up to 800 words)
The term public health surveillance has been defined as ‘the continuous, systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of health-related data needed for the planning, implementation, and evaluation of public health practice’ (WHO, 2016). Consequently, the fundamental goal of public health surveillance is to collect information as to prevent, control and take action in relation to all forms of diseases, including HIVAIDS. According to Nsubuga and White (2006), the purpose of surveillance system is to empower decision-making in order to lead and manage more efficiently by providing timely, useful evidence. Furthermore, public health surveillance collates scientific and factual databases. This essay will explore the value of public health surveillance in aiding the control of HIVAIDS, together with the effectiveness of the current management of the surveillance system in Australia. It will be argued that surveillance system has an important role in relation to the knowledge and control of HIVAIDS and the surveillance system is currently working efficiently within Australia.

According to the Australian Federation of AIDS organization, it is estimated that 27,150 people in Australia live with HIV (HIV statistics in Australia, 2016). In 2014, 1,081 people were diagnosed with HIV, with the majority of new HIV diagnoses (75%) occurring among gay and bisexual men (HIV statistics in Australia, 2016). Hence, by providing these statistics it permits the nation to be aware that HIVAIDS is still a disease that needs more attention an...


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...e air pollution and two stages of aerosol growth were revealed, i.e. the “explosive growth” and “sustained growth”.

However, there were some recommendations that could be put in place by relevant stakeholders for public health interventions, for instance; to reduce the fuel consumption, put in a place a restrict vehicles use by time and locations, by more strict control on vehicles, and also by Improving the fuel quality by establishing a China 6 standard for local fuel quality (Air Pollution Livefrombeijing". Livefrombeijing 2016). By placing these rules in place they might be able to improve air pollution in Beijing.
Overall, using pre-existing surveillance datasets on air pollution is a useful device, as it reinforces indispensible vital information, in term of the degree of the air pollution and other important elements, which are essential to public health.

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