Using Behavior Analysis For Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay examples

Using Behavior Analysis For Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay examples

Length: 780 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In considering the principle that accounts for Marsha 's refusal to work, I noted that a Chapter 3 PowerPoint slide states Applied Behavior Analysis Principal II as “Behavior is strengthened or maintained by reinforcement.” The “Punished by Rewards” podcast also explains how negative reinforcements, just like positive reinforcements, cause behavior to maintain or increase. Clearly Marcia is experiencing an increase in classroom behaviors over time. Unfortunately, the increase has been in inappropriate behaviors. Marcia has not been completing work and no longer participates in the timeout intervention and is defiant. Elyse Wiseman brings up a good point in the video “Applied Behavior Analysis for Autism Spectrum Disorders”. Wiseman notes that when observing a child, the question is not why they are behaving the way they are but what are they getting from behaving that way. Marcia not only receives attention from Ms. Hill, she also receives out-of-school suspension and because Marcia “hates school”, suspension is also a reinforcer. The negative reinforcers are increasing her bad behavior plus she can avoid going to school. Therefore, Principle II is the reason for Marcia 's refusal to work.

Part 2 (Page 76)
Applied Behavior Analysis Principle IV states that behavior is weakened by punishment. Marcia’s inappropriate behavior has not weakened but increased; therefore, the office visits cannot be considered punishment. The office visits have become part of the reinforcement which allow Marcia to avoid school by being suspended. Previous to the study of this chapter, I thought being suspended from school would likely be motivation for a student to change their behavior. Considering the information that I now have regarding App...


... middle of paper ...


...ch Marcia suitable ways to ask for assistance, attention or breaks before problems occur.

Part 4 (Page 86)
In considering what behaviors could replacement Marcia’s noncompliance, the Least Restrictive Behavioral Interventions website says that any behavior “can serve as an alternative to the inappropriate behavior. For example, working on an assignment is an alternative behavior to wandering around the classroom.” Based on that information, one replacement behavior for Marcia’s noncompliance could be working on classwork for a specific time period. As mentioned above, Elyse Wiseman on the “Applied Behavior Analysis for Autism Spectrum Disorders” video, addresses possible replacement behaviors as seeking attention in an appropriate way or asking for a break before problems occur. Therefore, another option for Marcia maybe to raise her hand for the teacher’s help.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Behavior and Development of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

- This paper will review five studies concerning the behavior and development of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. The studies investigate how autism effects communication, socialization, cognitive development, and a number of other areas. Researchers use many different types of scales to measure and compare the difference between children with ASD and typically developing children. Methodology Study 1 Morgan, Lindee, Wetherby, Amy M., Barber, Angie (2008) Repetitive and stereotyped movements in children with autism spectrum disorders late in the second year of life In this study there were three groups of children between 18 and 24 months of age participated....   [tags: Autism Spectrum Disorders]

Better Essays
2145 words (6.1 pages)

Video Self Modeling As An Intervention Strategy For Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders

- 1. VIDEO SELF-MODELING AS AN INTERVENTION STRATEGY FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS Gelbar, N. W., Anderson, C., McCarthy, S., & Buggey, T. (2012). Video Self-Modeling as an Intervention Strategy for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Psychology In The Schools, 49(1), 15-22. The following study explains how video self-modeling as an intervention can increase language, communication, social skills, and functional skills in children with Autism. Video self-modeling is an evidence-based practice used with students diagnosed with Autism to increase appropriate responses and improve skills....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Behavior]

Better Essays
1418 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Treating Autism Spectrum Disorders

- Autism spectrum disorders are a class of developmental brain disorders with symptoms that range widely with each affected individual. Autism is a disorder that varies in severity of social interaction and communication that can benefit from the help of different types of treatment. Asperger syndrome, Rett syndrome, autism, pervasive development disorder, and non pervasive developmental disorder are disorders on the autism spectrum with differing levels of intensity. Treatments for autism include medications, special diets, and psychological therapies....   [tags: developmental brain disorders]

Better Essays
1036 words (3 pages)

Autism Spectrum Disorders Essay

- Abstract— This paper discusses the potential of using technologies in the diagnosis, study and intervention treatments of autism. The first part of paper introduces background information on autism spectrum disorder. The second part deals with review of literature survey. The third part summarizes our proposed research work on the connected topic. The fourth part concludes our work as whole. Keywords— autism, discrete trail training, applied behaviour analysis, voice output communication aids I. INTRODUCTION The present paper addresses various innovative assistive technology used in diagnosis and treatment of pervasive developmental disorders such as autism....   [tags: Diseases,Disorders]

Better Essays
1710 words (4.9 pages)

Essay about Problems Associated With Autism Spectrum Disorder

- Australia has a less severe stigma when mental health issues come into play, and hold a fairly modernized approach to working with those affected. Autism is fairly new to be recognized as a problem in China due to the lack of acceptance surrounding mental illness in the country, leaving a lack of information involving the subject. These different mindsets to handling challenges the affected individuals face show through the treatment types available and the support involved from families and communities....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum]

Better Essays
1590 words (4.5 pages)

Autism Spectrum Disorder Essay

- What is Autism Spectrum Disorder and how does it affect those who have it, both physically and psychologically. Autism Spectrum Disorder affects a substantial amount of the population. It is a complex, neurological spectrum condition that damages standard brain function, affecting the development of an individual’s communication and social skills. As a result, Autistic patients often experience repetitive behaviors, lack of spoken language, and may face amplified medical conditions. Although there is no present cure, treatment options, such as medication and therapeutic activities, are available to improve the patient’s quality of life....   [tags: complex, neurological spectrum condition]

Better Essays
687 words (2 pages)

Intervention Strategies For A Caucasian Student With Autism Spectrum Disorder

- The purpose of the case study is to offer intervention strategies to assist a Caucasian student with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Karly was referred for a speech and hearing evaluation because of her communication difficulty. Karly is a sixteen-year old female. She was born three weeks premature weighing 2 lbs., 10 oz., with respiratory distress, and she had to stay in a neonatal hospital for six weeks. She is the middle child of two brothers. She began receiving intervention services at 12 months of age to address speech and language issues....   [tags: Autism, Autism spectrum, Asperger syndrome]

Better Essays
1178 words (3.4 pages)

What Are Autism Spectrum Disorders? Essay

- What are Autism Spectrum Disorders. ASD’s are complex disorders of brain development. Nobody fully understands how to treat or deal with Autism. “To understand the mind of a child or the adult who is completely non-verbal, without oral, sign, or written language, you must leave the world of thinking in words. This can be quite challenging for many people. Our society functions though the spoken word” (Bogdashina page 93). Every case of Autism is different, so every treatment plan is different. Difficulty developing relationships with peers, difficulty communicating with speech, and repetitive movements are all characteristics of Autism....   [tags: Autism, Causes of autism, Asperger syndrome]

Better Essays
1004 words (2.9 pages)

Pervasive Development or Autistic Spectrum Disorders Essay

- Definition of Pervasive Development Disorder: Any of a group of disorders of infancy, childhood, or adolescence that are characterized by distortions in the development of the basic psychological functions such as language, social skills, attention, perception, reality testing, and movement. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/pervasivedevelopmentaldisorder Pervasive developmental disorder was first used in the 1980’s to describe this class of neurological disorders that can impair social and communication skills and repetitive behaviors....   [tags: Child Psychology ]

Better Essays
1072 words (3.1 pages)

Autism Spectrum Disorder : A Range Of Complex Neurodevelopment Disorders

- Autism Spectrum Disorder is “is a range of complex neurodevelopment disorders, characterized by social impairments, communication difficulties, and restricted, repetitive, and stereotyped patterns of behavior” (“Autism Fact Sheet,” 2014). It usually begins to appear in early childhood during the first three years of life. People diagnosed with ASD may have unique abilities to learn, difficulty paying attention and they may react inappropriately with absurd outbursts to different sensations. Boys are nearly five times more likely than girls to have autism....   [tags: Autism, Pervasive developmental disorder]

Better Essays
724 words (2.1 pages)