Uses of the Human Genome Research Project Essay

Uses of the Human Genome Research Project Essay

Length: 1702 words (4.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

So what is a human genome and why is the government researching it? The Human genome is the sequence of roughly 20,000 genes that make up human Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), or the building blocks that tell cells what to do. The government project named Human Genome Project (HGP) started in 1990’s, and is trying to unravel the 3 billion chemical base pairs in a DNA strand (
DNA is made up of phosphates, sugars and amino acids, Adenine (A), Thymine (T), Cytosine(C) and Guanine (G). Each amino acid is paired with its opposite, A is always paired with T and C with G. These pairing in a specific order make codes that cells use as instruction for making proteins that perform specific functions in cells. The purpose of the HGP is to identify all genes in human DNA, store the information in a database, while improving the tools used to sequence DNA (Toriello, pg 15-28.) The project also has to deal with the ethical issues that come from these experiments. In 2003 after 13 years a full strand of DNA was decoded. Of course each person’s DNA is unique, with the exceptions of identical twin, so much more work is yet to be done to make this technology useful in every day life.
Once a DNA strand is sequenced there are many ways to use the information found in it. One possibility is to find what genes influence the development of diseases, like cancer, deformities, or Alzheimer’s, only to mention a few. If you know you have the gene on chromosome 19 that is linked with Alzheimer’s, there may be ways to treat the disorder early, slow its progress, or even prevent it. At the very least the family can prepare for th...

... middle of paper ...

...ertently destroying our world.

Works Cited
Puck, Jennifer, Malech, and Harry. National Human Genome Research institute, Genetics and Molecular Biology Branch. Jan 31, 2006. Jan 1, 2010.

Human Genome. 1995. American Medical Association. Jan 1, 2010.

Carroll, Sean. The making of the fittest. New York: Julia Druskin, 2006.

Nicolson, Cynthia. Baa. Toronto: Kids Can Press Ltd, 2001.

Gralla, Jay. Understanding Cloning. Indianapolis: Marie Butler-Knight, 2004.

Walker, Richard. Genes & DNA. Boston: Kingfisher, 2003.

Toriello, James. The Human Genome Project. New York: Rosen Publishing Group, 2003.

Fridell, Ron. Genetic Engineering. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Company, 2006.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Human Genome Project : A Scientific Program Essay

- Many nations across the globe have collaborated to develop the Human Genome Project; a scientific program of which focuses on the development of our genetic blueprint. In 1990, the Human Genome Project officially began in the United States, with the Department of Energy (DOE), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The objective of the Human Genome Project is to provide an accurate template of the entire DNA sequence, including the three billion DNA (Deoxyrobosenucleic acid) base pairs that make up the complete Genome....   [tags: DNA, Gene, Genetics, Genome]

Powerful Essays
1320 words (3.8 pages)

The Human Genome Project Essay

- The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is one of the most widely discussed topics in genetics today. The United States human genome project began in 1990, when the $3 billion dollar project to map 3 billion DNA base pairs was announced.(4) When the initial funding was provided, it was anticipated that the project would require 15 years to complete and the target date for completion was 2005.(8) Recent technological advances have shortened that time period, and it is now estimated that the program will be complete by 2003.(1) The program now has been expanded to an international effort involving research facilities in France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United Stat...   [tags: Genetics Science Papers]

Powerful Essays
2614 words (7.5 pages)

human genome project Essay

- What would you do if you were given the power to change your genetic code from brown hair to blond?. Man has had this ability through natural selection for some time without knowing it, but in the near future scientist will be able to speed the process of natural selection by changing a persons genes. Scientists have identified what constitutes human DNA located in the nucleus of a cell. The Human Genome Project was established to identify the genes that make us who we are and is now an international organization....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

Free Essays
1554 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Human Genome Project

- Human Genome Project Scientists are taking medical technology to new heights as they race to map all of the genes in our body. There are about 100,000, in the 23 chromosomes of the human body. In doing this they hope that they can understand the basis of the genes and maybe even develop methods of treating certain genetic diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Muscular Dystrophy. The scientists identify the DNA sequence of someone with the disease and then compare it to a person without the disease....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
1025 words (2.9 pages)

The Human Genome Project Essay

- ... This is then stitched together using computer programs to have the final copy of the fully sequenced genome. There are many other methods out there to decipher the genome but this is the most common method of usage.this method can also be known as the Polymerase Chain reaction (PCR). PCR is a laboratory technique that uses primers to amplify a specific area and then copies the sequence a billion times over. Another method worth mentioning is the combined use of Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) and Gel Electrophoresis....   [tags: genetic discrimination]

Powerful Essays
1453 words (4.2 pages)

Technology and the Human Genome Project Essay

- Technology and the Human Genome Project Technology is changing the way the world works in profound ways at an unprecedented rate. As we speak, scientists in labs around the world are decoding the remaining portion of the genome map. One day (even now), with the information compiled in GenBank, scientists can discover new drugs, new methods of gene therapy, and other preventive measures which will vastly improve the quality of life (NCBI ¶1). David Smith, previously a director of the Department of Energy, said, "These are exciting and challenging times for biological researchers....   [tags: Essays Papers]

Free Essays
713 words (2 pages)

The Human Genome Project Essay

- The Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is a long-term project by international scientist to develop detailed genetic and physical maps of the human genome. Researchers are engaged in locating and identifying all of its genes and establishing the sequence of the genes and all other components of the genome. This monstrous task has the potential to dramatically increase our understanding of human evolution and variation, and perhaps most importantly…human disease. The success of the Human Genome Project also poses potential societal problems....   [tags: Genetics Science Biology Essays]

Powerful Essays
1374 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on The Human Genome Project

- The Human Genome Project is a worldwide research effort with the goal of analyzing the structure of human DNA and determining the location of the estimated 100,000 human genes. The DNA of a set of model organisms will be studied to provide the information necessary for understanding the functioning of the human genome. The information gathered by the human genome project is expected to be the source book for biomedical science in the twenty-first century and will be of great value to the field of medicine....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
944 words (2.7 pages)

The Human Genome Project Essay

- The Human Genome Project Introduction The Human Genome Project (HGP) is a plan to develop a detailed genetic and physical map of the human genome. As a result of this project, it is predicted that vast increases in technology and biological approaches to the molecular world will occur. It was speculated that this project would take two decades. Some scientist did not even think it could be done because the technology was not ready for this kind of project. Multiple issues have arisen since the original concept for this genome project was introduced....   [tags: Science Scientific Research Papers]

Powerful Essays
2688 words (7.7 pages)

Human Genome Project Essay examples

- Human Genome Project The Human Genome Project is an international project basically sponsored by the U.S Government. It started in October 1990 with an aim to sequence the entire human genome. The complete set of information present in the form of the genes in an organism forms its genome. Each human being has 23 pairs of chromosomes having DNA double helix in each. The Human Genome Project is a worldwide research effort with the goal of analyzing the structure of human DNA and determining the location of the estimated 100,000 human genes....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
508 words (1.5 pages)