A base is a substance that can accept (H+) and releases(OH-) to form a solution that has a pH>7. It turns litmus paper blue. It reacts with acids to form a salt and water.
A salt is a compound made from an acid when a metal takes the place of the hydrogen in the acid. Some salts dissolve in water easily. They are said to be soluble. Other salts do not dissolve at all. They are said to be insoluble. (Example: sodium sulfate)
A usual salt is produced by the whole alternate of the hydrogen ion of an acid by a basic essential while an acid salt is produced by the incomplete alternate of the hydrogen ion of an acid by a necessary thorough.
All acids are formed in a different way, as each involves different compounds. There are many chemical companies that create acids- some absorb heat, difficult-to-find chemicals, catalysts, etc, which is the cause it is hard to quantify how acids in specific are formed.
Which methods are used to prepare your chosen acid/base/salt? (Citric Acid)
1-Obtain citric acid in crystalline powder form. You can find this at many grocery stores, cooking stores or bulk food stores. Buy at least 1 lb. (454 g) in order to make an adequate amount of citric acid solution
2-Decide the quantity of citric acid powder to water that you require to make the solution.
3-Calculate the powder. Place 1 lb. (454 g) of citric acid powder in a non-metallic pot. Set the pot aside.
... middle of paper ...
...idity and stomach pain. Citric acid is further high-priced than last declare. Citric acid works most excellent with hot water (it is a disadvantage for the reason that of higher energy consumption)
-Citric acid (E330) and ascorbic acid both occur naturally in citrus fruits, but there is no vitamin C in citric acid.
-Chemically, the only difference between ascorbic acid and citric acid is one additional oxygen atom in citric acid.
-Unfortunately, vitamin C is very easily lost from fruits and vegetables when processed. That’s why in many products it is reintroduced as an additive.
-Citric acid makes it easier for the body to absorb some minerals. For example, calcium citrate is sometimes added to orange juice.
-Vitamin C tastes very bitter, just like most vitamins. In some cases Citric acid is used to mask the bitter flavor of vitamin C pills.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Determining the Concentration of Citric Acid Introduction Titrations are performed to calculate the unknown concentration of solutions using standard solutions. A solution of known concentration and volume is added to a solution of known volume and unknown concentration, a burette is used to find the exact amount of the known solution is required for the reaction to come to completion. A pH indicator is used to determine when a reaction has completed. Aim To determine the concentration of Citric acid in both fresh and bottled lemon juice.... [tags: Sodium hydroxide, PH indicator, PH, Acid]
1365 words (3.9 pages)
- The most widely used method for synthesizing citric acid was discovered by an American chemist named James Currie in 1917 in order to contend with the lack of citrus imports caused by the First World War. This method requires the fungus culture “Aspergillus niger”. This mould is fairly common in nature but special strains are used by the major citric acid producing companies to increase the fungus’s production of citric acid. This method involves substances that contain glucose such as simple sugar or molasses being fed to the fungus.... [tags: Chemistry]
1704 words (4.9 pages)
- Investigating the Concentration of Citric Acid Problem ------- I have been set the task of determining the concentration of a sample of citric acid, using only a 1.0 M solution of sodium hydroxide and any laboratory glassware that is required. I have also been given the RMM of citric acid as 210g and I have been told that one mole of citric acid will react with 3 moles of sodium hydroxide. My Experiment ------------- Using this information I have determined that the best way to conduct this experiment is to do a titration.... [tags: Papers]
1229 words (3.5 pages)
- Definition: According to Dr Andrew Zimmerman Jones, the Definition of energy is: Energy is the capacity of a physical system to perform work. Energy exists in several forms such as heat, kinetic or mechanical energy, light, potential energy, electrical, or other forms (1) A simpler definition is: Energy is the ability to do work and cause change (2) Renewable vs. non renewable: The definition of bio fuels: “Bio fuel is defined as solid, liquid or gaseous fuel obtained from relatively recently lifeless or living biological material and is different from fossil fuels, which are derived from long dead biological material.... [tags: environment, energy sources, fuel]
693 words (2 pages)
- Introduction A description of Virtual Reality can be a bit tricky, and the semantics might be at variance in relation to what age group you ask, for instance, a children’s site describe computer simulated environment as tools which let you to experience and interact with images in a simulated 3D environment, for example, you could plan an area at home on your computer machine and really believe that you are walking around in it, although it was never constructed. According to Aurich, Virtual Reality is a broad and extensively developed scientific conception, which is broadly put into operation for scientific visualisation, teaching and training, process in risky surroundings, exploration, ho... [tags: Immersive, Programming, Uses]
1072 words (3.1 pages)
- Casein plastic, or ‘milk plastic’, has been used in the Americas for decades, due to its low production costs and accessibility. Casein is defined as, “A white, tasteless, odorless protein precipitated from milk by rennin” (“Casein” 1). and “a slow digesting protein that plays a large role in preventing muscle breakdown” (“Casein Protein“ 1). Not only is casein an important protein that all mammals need to survive, but this vital protein has also been very important throughout recent American and English history.... [tags: History and Uses]
1075 words (3.1 pages)
- LSD, or ‘acid’ by street name, is one of the world’s most well-known and most potent drugs. Its major component is Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, which is found in a fungus that grows on grains, such as rye, and some wild grasses. LSD is colorless, tasteless, and odorless. It is illegally made into crystal form first and is later converted to several different liquid forms, such as tablets, microdots, absorbable paper, gelatin squares, or capsules for distribution (Hoffman, page 56). Users call an LSD experience a “trip”.... [tags: effects, trip, Lysergic Acid Diethylamide]
523 words (1.5 pages)
- : What is the "A" in ACID database properties. Give an example of the use of this property and what might happen if the property is not met A: The “A” in ACID database properties represents Atomicity. Atomicity is described easily using “all or nothing” i.e, if we consider that the database processes the transactions either it should be fully completed or not at all done. If a single task in a transaction fails then the whole transaction fails. According to this ACID rule, Let us consider two persons John and Bean.... [tags: SQL, Database, Microsoft SQL Server, ACID]
1515 words (4.3 pages)
- Acid Rain Acid rain has become an environmental concern of global importance within the last decade. With the increasing environmental awareness of the "unhealthy" condition of our planet earth the concern about acid rain has not lessened. In brief, acid rain is rain with pH values of less than 5.6. When dealing with acid rain one must study and understand the process of making Sulfuric acid. In this project we will take an in depth look into the production of sulfuric acid, some of its uses and the effects of it as a pollutant in our environment.... [tags: Acid Rain Environmental Nature Essays]
3205 words (9.2 pages)
- The Uses of Biotechnology The scientific rules of genetics were not known until the nineteenth century, when Gregor Mendel determined from his study of plants that particles that can not be seen carry traits that are passed on from generation to generation. In 1953, James Watson and Francis Crick made the makeup of the genetic code called deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, the genetic material that is in all living cells. Deoxyribonucleic acid encodes the order of amino acids that have peptides and proteins.... [tags: Papers]
684 words (2 pages)
- Chapter Reviews on Numerical Control, Automation, Robotics
- Arguments Regarding Abortion
- Analysis of Classic Hollywood Cinema: Stagecoach
- Effects of War in "Dulce et Decorum est" and "Anthem for Doomed Youth" by Wilfred Owens
- A Society Fighting for Social Change in Belize
- Nature vs. Nurture and People´s Genetic makeup