The Use Of Majored Compression Stockings And Preventing Deep Vein Thrombosis And The Conditions That Can Occur After Its Development

The Use Of Majored Compression Stockings And Preventing Deep Vein Thrombosis And The Conditions That Can Occur After Its Development

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Use of Graduated Compression Stockings in Preventing Deep Vein Thrombosis
Drew T. Clifton
University of Toledo

Use of Graduated Compression Stockings in Preventing Deep Vein Thrombosis
Various studies have been conducted within and away from the medical field regarding the prevention of deep vein thrombosis and the conditions that can occur after its development. One intervention that has been researched that nurses are able to provide to their patients to help with this type of condition is by equipping their lower extremities with graduated compression stockings.
Problem
Deep vein thrombosis, often abbreviated as DVT, is a potentially life-threatening condition where a blood clot forms within a vein that is deep within the body. These blood clots, or thrombi, have potential to form in people who are bound to sitting still for a long period of time, such as patients after surgical procedures or accidents, along with patients confined to their beds in hospitals or nursing homes. Signs that healthcare providers should be watching for in immobilized patients that could signify development of a DVT are “pain, deep tenderness, swelling in the calf and thigh, and redness in the involved extremity” (Ackley & Ladwig, 2014, p. 609). Deep vein thrombosis becomes more of a threat if the blood clot were to break loose from the venous wall and travel through the circulatory system into the lungs, which then becomes known as a pulmonary embolism.
Pulmonary embolisms are dangerous to health because blood clots cause blood to have to move through a narrowed passageway, restricting the amount of blood that can flow through the lungs. When the lungs do not receive enough blood, pulmonary infarction can occur, leaving sections of the lung tis...


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... arterial flow or is allergic to the stocking material, then the worsening of ischemia or skin discoloration and blistering can occur respectively. Although these complications can be avoided as long as the patient is thoroughly assessed prior to the application of the stockings, they still need to be considered due to their severity.
Suggested Changes
The effectiveness of GCS can be increased by doing the proper assessments on each patient that could use them, along with proper teaching from the nurse. The patient needs to know that the toes need to line up correctly and the heel patch needs to be positioned on the heel. Other than that, the patients could be told to flex their leg muscles at certain time intervals to help their blood pump more effectively, since flexing muscles signals to the surrounding vessels to provide them with blood.
Use in Nursing Practice

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